Tuskegee University Cardiovascular Disease & DASH Eating Plan Case Study

User Generated

no34

Health Medical

Tuskegee University

Description

Use the patient chart to answer the following questions. The questions are also attached in a word document.

Cardiovascular Disease Case Study


  1. Briefly describe the DASH eating plan and discuss the major nutrients that are components of this nutrition therapy.
  2. Using the recent Dietary Guidelines, describe why decreased sodium intake is targeted as a focus to improve the health of Americans.
  3. What are the health implications of Mrs. Moore’s body mass index (BMI)?
  4. Calculate Mrs. Moore’s energy and protein requirements.
  5. How do Mrs. Moore’s labs change between 6/25 and 3/15? What factors in her history may have made an impact on these?
  6. Identify the major sources of sodium and saturated fat in Mrs. Moore’s diet. Compare her typical diet to the components of the DASH diet.
  7. Used the patient’s chart to complete the table below

Parameter

Normal Value

Patient’s Value

Normal, High or Low?

Glucose

70–99 mg/dL

BUN

6–20 mg/dL

Creatinine

0.6–1.1 mg/dL

Total cholesterol

<200 mg/dL

HDL–cholesterol

>59 mg/dL

LDL–cholesterol

<130 mg/dL

Apo A

80–175 mg/dL

Apo B

45–120 mg/dL

Triglycerides

35–135 mg/dL

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Cardiovascular Disease Case Study Due October 13 at 11:59pm 1. Briefly describe the DASH eating plan and discuss the major nutrients that are components of this nutrition therapy. 2. Using the recent Dietary Guidelines, describe why decreased sodium intake is targeted as a focus to improve the health of Americans. 3. What are the health implications of Mrs. Moore’s body mass index (BMI)? 4. Calculate Mrs. Moore’s energy and protein requirements. 5. How do Mrs. Moore’s labs change between 6/25 and 3/15? What factors in her history may have made an impact on these? 6. Identify the major sources of sodium and saturated fat in Mrs. Moore’s diet. Compare her typical diet to the components of the DASH diet. 7. Used the patient’s chart to complete the table below Parameter Glucose BUN Creatinine Normal Value 70–99 mg/dL 6–20 mg/dL 0.6–1.1 mg/dL Total cholesterol 59 mg/dL LDL–cholesterol
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Explanation & Answer

Attached.

Running Head: DIET

1

Cardiovascular Disease Case Study
Name
Institution

DIET
I.

2
DASH Eating Plan
A. DASH is an eating approach that aims to ensure a lifelong healthy lifestyle to help
prevent and manage hypertension
B. DASH eating aims to attain a daily calorie intake of 2000 cals per day.

II.

Reason for Targeting Reduced Sodium Intake Among Americans
A. HHS (2015) guideline provides that consumption of too much sodium is associated
with a high risk of hypertension, and other chronic diseases such as heart disease
B. In this case, the guideline targets sodium to ensure all Americans' health improves
through a limited sodium intake

III.

Mrs. Moore's BMI
A. Mrs. Moore's BMI of 25.8 shows that she is overweight in the lower overweight
category.
B. Moore at risk of becoming obese. The consequences of being overweight and obese
are that she could have a reduced life expectancy, especially due to obesity
complications

IV.

Mrs. Moore's Energy and Protein Requirement
A. Mrs. Moore would require energy between1818 and 2182kcal/day.
B. Mrs. Moore's protein requirement per day is approximately 58g.

V.

Mrs. Moore Lab Change between 6/25 and 3/15 and Contributing Factors
A. Mrs. Moore is taking appropriate measures to improve her health
B. . The change in lab results could be due to overall lifestyle change through DASH
eating and increased exercise behavior.

DIET
VI.

3
MRS. Moore's Diet: Sodium, Saturated Fats Sources, and Comparison of her diet
with the DASH Diet.
A. Sodium sources come from the saltine crackers, soup, ranch dressing, popcorn, baked
potato, and chicken, which contains added salt.
B. Saturated fats sources include the butter or margarine she adds in the donuts,
popcorns, buttered potato, oatmeal, glazed carrots, and fatty milk.

VII.

Mrs. Moore's Patient Chart


Running Head: DIET

1

Cardiovascular Disease Case St...


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