and contrast the three body planes.
Utilize appropriate terminology when applicable, for example: anterior and posterior
Body planes - refer to any slice or cut through a three-dimensional
structure allowing us to visualize relationships between those
parts. CT and MRI technology use these principles.
Sagittal: divides the body or organ vertically into right and left
unequal parts: words used with the sagittal plane include-
medial, lateral, proximal and distal.
Midsagittal: divides the body or organ vertically into equal right
and left parts
Frontal/ Coronal: a vertical plane dividing the body or an organ
into anterior (front) and posterior (back) sections.
Transverse: a horizontal plane dividing the body or an organ
into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) sections.
IV. Body Directions
Superior – upper, or above something
Inferior – lower, or below something
Anterior or Ventral – front, in front of
Posterior– After, behind, following, toward the rear
Medial – Toward the mid-line, middle, away from the side
Lateral – toward the side of the body - away from the mid-line
Proximal – toward or near the trunk of the body, near the point
of attachment to the body
Distal – Away from, farther from the origin or attachment to the
Dorsal: Near the upper surface, toward the back
Ventral: Toward the bottom, toward the belly
Rostral: Toward the front
Caudal – means tail end
Internal – inside the body
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