FAST NUCES Lahore Disaster Management Cycle Case Study

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CASE STUDY Bangladesh flash floods: 18 lives lost by heavy rains, several houses washed away Dhaka: Flash floods triggered by heavy seasonal rains and onrush of water from hills across the Indian borders on Sunday claimed lives of at least 18 people in three northwestern Bangladesh districts. Flood situation in Dinajpur district, some 338 km northwest of capital Dhaka, deteriorated drastically early on Sunday after an embankment for protection of the district town was broken, Xinhua quoted Monsur Ali Sarkar, officer-in-charge of the district's Kaharol police station, as saying. He said that five people were dead after flash floods swept away places in Kahrol. Abdul Majid, another official of the district's Birol Police Station, said four people were dead and one man was missing after a flash flood roared Birol. Overall flood situation is also alarming in two more Bangladesh districts - north western Lalmonirhat and northern Kurigram - where rivers are flowing above the danger level. Eight more deaths have been reported in these two districts in connection with the massive floods. The Lalmonirhat and Kurigram deaths reported by the local media, however, have not been confirmed immediately. Apart from the district, flash floods eroded large portions of villages and agricultural lands, and washed away buildings elsewhere in Bangladesh. Authorities have evacuated residents of hundreds of villages to higher grounds in a number of Bangladesh districts that are prone to torrential rains between June and September. TV reports showed villages in the country's north and northeast have gone under up-to-waist-high water. The residents were seen leaving their houses wading through flooded roads or on boats in search for shelter or a dry ground to live temporarily. A Bangladeshi minister said last month that there was possibility of "high magnitude flooding" in the country amid moderate to heavy rains which have led to further elevated rivers and canals. "There is possibility of high magnitude flooding in the second half of August," Water Resources Minister Anisul Islam Mahmud had said. He said the country has been experiencing an increasingly intense rainfall over the last weeks. Experts said Bangladesh, bordering the Bay of Bengal, has become more vulnerable to climate change-related problems like cyclones, flooding, as its capacity to protect its people and land is feeble. In 2007, two floods in Bangladesh killed more than 1,000 people. (Source: First post, 2018) Questions: Answer the below questions with reference to the above case study: (a) Critically analyse the Disaster Management Cycle pertaining to the above case study. [15 Marks] (b) Discuss how a Disaster Mitigation plan can be an effective tool to mitigate disasters. [15 Marks) In not more than 8 pages Critically analyze the Disaster Management Cycle (DMC) with respect to the case study; • Debate on the pros and cons of the DMC & Disaster Mitigation Plans-DMP (Your views and analysis of the DMC & DMP) Use table if possible; • Elaborate on the ways to improve the DMC & DMP Importance and limitations of Disaster Mitigation Plans for the case study; • Propose a disaster mitigation plan for the case study .Conclusion and References as per Harvard Style
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Case Study: Disaster Management 1

Case Study: Disaster Management
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CASE STUDY: DISASTER MANAGEMENT

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Disaster Management Cycle
Disaster management entails measures put in place to either prevent or reduce adverse
impacts resulting from the occurrence of a given hazard. Disaster management cycle, therefore,
is an illustration of the ongoing activities through which governments, institutions, or societies
put in place to reduce the impact of a disaster and the recovery measures that follow upon the
occurrence of a given disaster (Alam and Bhadra, 2019). By putting in place appropriate
measures, it ensures better preparedness and reduces vulnerability during the next cycle of
disaster occurrence.
The cycle of disaster management can be carried out in four different phases, not
necessarily simultaneously but based on need and urgency. These phases include mitigation,
preparedness, response, and recovery (Coetzee and Van Niekerk, 2012). The Bangladesh case
study on the disaster caused by flash floods is an illustration of ways through which a hazard can
be handled. In the case study, it is indicated that lives were lost in the Northwest of Bangladesh
districts as a result of flash floods that were triggered by heavy seasonal rains. The flooding
situation in Dinajpur originating from the breakage of an embankment that had been set to
protect residents. The presence of an embankment is an illustration of the mitigation measures
put in place to prevent or reduce the severity of the flooding situation in the locality considering
it is a recurrent phenomenon.
The flooding situation in two of Bangladesh districts resulted from rivers flowing above
the danger level causing not only deaths but also eroding villages and agricultural lands. The
authorities’ response to this situation was by evacuating residents of villages prone to ...


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