Due Date: 10/18 by 11:59 pm
Length: 4-6 pp., typed, double-spaced, 12 pt. font
Submission: Submit electronically through the assignment in Canvas and perform the plagiarism check.
**This is not a research paper, and secondary sources are not required. You will be assessed on your ability to give clear and accurate explanations of the philosophical positions in your own words and to argue in support of a particular philosophical position. Remember that this is a take-home examination, and you are expected to demonstrate understanding of the assigned readings and slides.
If you do incorporate ideas from other sources, be sure to cite them using MLA guidelines (https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/mla_style/mla_formatting_and_style_guide/mla_in_text_citations_the_basics.html (Links to an external site.)). . Here is a link to the library’s tutorial on avoiding plagiarism: http://library.uta.edu/plagiarism/ (Links to an external site.) .
Please see grading rubric for assignment expectations.
Write an essay answering one of the two questions below.
- Using relevant examples from Plato, Descartes and Locke, describe the main ideas behind rationalism and empiricism and make clear the differences between the two positions. Which of these positions do you find more plausible and why? Argue in support of your view.
- Critically evaluate Cartesian dualism and argue either in support of the position or against it. In the course of answering this question, explain what Cartesian dualism is, how Descartes argues in support of it, and how physicalists object to this reasoning.
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeOrganizationHas an introduction that motivates the project and defines a sharp focus by clearly stating its central aim(s), e.g., a thesis or controlling idea relating to the assigned topic.
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeExposition and Mastery of the Pertinent MaterialDemonstrates mastery of the pertinent philosophical views, concepts, and arguments. Gives an accurate exposition and interpretation of the pertinent philosophical texts and views. Fully explains key philosophical terms, concepts, and distinctions in an illuminating way, using the author’s own words, examples, and descriptions.
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeArgumentationPresents, in a clear manner, strong and well-developed arguments in support of its central claims. Arguments concerning interpretation of the philosophers are supported by textual evidence (including line numbers). Successfully rebuts any relevant counterarguments.
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeWritingExpresses ideas clearly through writing. All sentences are complete and grammatical. All words are chosen for their precise meanings. All new or unusual terms are well-defined. Key concepts and theories are accurately and completely explained. Good, clear examples are used to illuminate concepts and issues. Paper has been spellchecked and proofread, and has no errors. Student follows MLA guidelines properly.
Explanation & Answer
The credibility of philosophical arguments and theories requires an in-depth
understanding and thorough research of the subject of discussion since most philosophers share
their personal views and perceptions that might agree or differ depending on their beliefs and
studies. For example, Rene Descartes presented his view on dualism, which attempts to
understand the relationship between the body and the mind which other philosophers embraced
while others objected. His arguments emphasize that the mind and the body are separate and
distinct, which physicalists like Arnauld and Hasker object as they believe that the mind and
body function and work together.
Meaning of Cartesian dualism
Cartesian dualism is strongly associated with Descartes and is the most basic form of
dualism, which suggests that the body and mind consist of two different ontological substances,
although there exists an interaction between the two. People may understand the meaning of the
word substance differently, but it means something that is logically capable of existing
independently in this context. The main argument presented in Cartesian dualism claims that the
body comprises of matter, which is a physical substance, while the mind constitutes of a nonphysical substance. Additionally, Cartesian dualism supports interactionism, which is the casual
influence and interaction between the body and the mind. There are two Cartesian dualism
forms, notably parallelism and occasionalism, which are both great outcomes of history
(Thibaut). However, Occasionalists oppose Cartesian dualism by claiming that there is no
interaction between the body and mind, although, at times, it seems like they have an association.
For example, when one hits any body part with a hammer, they experience an immediate distress
sensation and pain. ...