LASA I—Effects of Fog on Distance and Speed Perception, assignment help

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Question Description

LASA I—Effects of Fog on Distance and Speed Perception

Imagine you are driving your car on a foggy evening. There is another car in front of you driving at an acceptable speed. The driver of the car in front of you applies the breaks and you apply yours. You believe you have remained behind at what seems to be a safe distance and have slowed down at what seems to be an appropriate speed. However, you suddenly rear-end the car in front of you.

Think about what might have happened to your distance and speed perception and whether the fog had something to do with hampering your judgment.

Read the following two articles regarding the effect of fog on distance and speed perception:

Using the above articles, as well as your textbook and module readings, the Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet, explain the sensation and perception processes that led you to misjudge the distance and speed in foggy conditions.

Be sure to address the following in your response:

  • What was the path that the image of the car took through the visual system?
  • What are the perceptual processes involved in depth (distance) perception and speed (movement) perception?
  • How does fog affect these perceptual processes?
  • How do the bottom-up and top-down approaches explain your faulty perception of distance and speed?
  • What other factors (physiological or environmental) could affect the perception of distance and speed, and cause the accident?

Write a 3–4-page paper in Word format. Be sure to include a title page and a reference page. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M3_A2.doc.

By Week 3, Day 7, deliver your assignment to the M3: Assignment 2 Dropbox.

Grading Rubric

Assignment 2 Grading Criteria

Maximum Points

Traced the path of the image of the car through the visual system detailing the physiological structures that the image travels through.

32

Described the perceptual processes involved in depth (distance) and speed (motion) perception.

32

Explained how the fog affected these perceptual processes.

24

Evaluated how the bottom-up and top-down approaches explain the faulty perception of distance and speed.

32

Hypothesized at least one physiological and one environmental factor that could have affected the perception of distance and speed, and caused the accident.

20

Applied the two required research articles.

16

Writing Components:
Organization (12)
Usage and Mechanics (12)
APA (16)
Style (4)

44

Total:

200

Click here to view the rubric for this assignment.

Note: Study the rubric carefully before you start working and refer to it periodically to improve your paper.


Tutor Answer

Obrien_Alpha
School: University of Virginia

Please find attached.

Running head: EFFECTS OF FOG ON DISTANCE AND SPEED PERCEPTION

Effects of Fog on Distance and Speed Perception
Student’s name
Institution affiliation

1

EFFECTS OF FOG ON DISTANCE AND SPEED PERCEPTION

2

Fog can be described as a dense cloud of small water drops up in the air in the atmosphere
near the earth’s surface that limits perceptibility. Graphical speed is assumed to be miscalculated
at low disparity which gives details on the extreme driving speed in fog. Fog affects distance and
speed perception and car drivers have to slow down in fog although other practices of
reflectiveness can cause drivers to speed up. Due to fog, horrific accidents occur on roads which
causes loss of lives and damage to vehicles. About a quarter of car smashes are weather conditions
associated and fog duos the threat of an accident occurrence (Culham, 2012). In most cases drivers
underrate their speed when driving in foggy environments and they end up speeding up to
compensate for the wasted time and distance. A good example of an accident that was caused by
fog is one in Canada that took place in 1999 where eighty seven cars heaped up after a heavy
blanket of fog run down on the highway (Culham, 2012), it was one of the worst accidents to be
experienced there at that time.
Fog played a major role in rear-ending the car in front in that visual of the car was not clear
which in the long run affected the distance and speed perception. The assumption of being at a
safe distance from the car ahead led to hitting it unintentionally. Additionally this was as a result
of trying to make up for the lost time and distance which led to the speeding. Judgement of the
distance between the two cars was clouded by fog.
The path that the image of the car took through the visual system was unpredictable.
According to (Brooks, et al., 2011), driving in fog is a hypothetically risky action that has been
inspected in dissimilar ways. The failure to observe the speed of a car is mostly fixated on
recognizing the fundamental perceptual variations which in the end causes accidents.
The perceptual processes involved in distance perception and speed perception include the use of
emulator centered method where fog is replicated as a distance reliant on similarity reduction while

EFFECTS OF FOG ON DISTANCE AND SPEED PERCEPTION

3

having those in...

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Anonymous
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Anonymous
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Anonymous
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