There are two parts to this assignment: a 5 page written literature review and an audio summary. Each is described below. The literature review should be written in Word and uploaded as an attachment within the Assignments section of the classroom. Use 12 pt. New Roman font and double-space. Be sure to put your name and class information on the document and put your name on the file. Insert page numbers on all graduate-level work. The audio portion of this assignment should be uploaded along with the written literature review, and instructions are below. Assignments will be graded using a rubric appropriate for your class level (please see the rubric below for the required number and type of sources, and the other criteria on which you will be assessed).
The Literature Review
The purpose of this assignment is to propose a theoretical perspective that informs your research and assess the scholarly literature that has been written on your research question, including how it informs your research question and hypothesis. It should be 5 pages in length, and accompanied by an audio component (see below).
Content of the literature review:
The literature review should assess (1) which theoretical approach that we have covered in the course best informs your overall argument and hypothesis (e.g., socialization and interest convergence, liberal institutionalism, structural realism, feminist theory, etc.) and (2) evaluate the findings from the scholarly literature that exists on your research topic.
Structure of the written literature review:
The literature review is NOT an annotated bibliography. Rather, it is an analytical exercise in which you evaluate a body of literature. As such, your literature review should be organized by theme (NOT an article-by-article summary). A good literature review is a thoughtful study of what has been written, a summary of the arguments and findings that exist (whether you agree with them or not), and is arranged thematically. The literature review should be written in coherent narrative style. At the end of the evaluation, there should still be gaps in the literature that you intend to fill with your research.
Here is a site explaining various ways to construct a literature review. Note that a good literature review is not a list of sources with description, but it involves synthesis and dissection of sources, with minimal use of quotes.
All references must be cited in Chicago/Turabian format, which means including page numbers.
The audio component:
Along with your written literature review, please submit a 5 minute audio file in which you summarize the main themes, areas of agreement and disagreement among scholars, and any gaps in knowledge that remain that your research can help address. Some options for recording the audio are below.
- Windows media audio file
- Audacity (audacity.sourceforge.net/) Audacity is an open source digital audio editor. You can use this tool to create audio files to share. Compatible across most of the major platforms, Audacity also works with a variety of audio formats.
Explanation & Answer
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Answer outline to the World Trade Organization
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Running head: LITERATURE REVIEW ON WORD TRADE ORGANIZATION
A literature review on World Trade Organization
LITERATURE REVIEW ON WORD TRADE ORGANIZATION
The World Trade Organization is an international organization with 164 members, and it is
charged with the responsibility of eliminating trade barriers and creating non-discriminatory
rules that govern trade among the members. The WTO also serves as the forum for resolving all
the trade disputes that afflict its members. The WTO has come a long way, and that is why this
literature review holds that WTO has succeeded in failing; I understand that the statement is
somehow paradoxical, but by expounding on the factors that must be considered, everything will
be crystal clear. Even with the powers to address trade disputes, some members states feel that
the organization lacks enough power to negotiate agreements, and so there are factors that must
be considered to influence the cooperation of such members who have grown increasingly
For the skeptic member states, they raise controversial questions. Some of the questions the
members raise is whether the organization is a dictatorial tool that serves the interest of the rich
and powerful. Other questions presented are does the organization destroy jobs? Or does the
organization intentionally ignore the concerns of the environment and health? By answering the
question, this paper will highlight the factors the organization needs to consider in order to win
the cooperation of such skeptic members that are beginning to doubt the powers of WTO.
By 1995 had managed to honor its obligation to its members because it had increased trade to
44%1. In 2014 the GDP growth was at 56% however the growth was experienced by members
with the capacity to trade2. Growth in GDP is good but if the growth only benefits some
members then this is not justice at all. As Surak notes most of the developing nations have
Kelly Anderson, World Trade Organization (New York: Riverhead, 2020), 24.
Kelly Anderson, World Trade Organization, 24.
LITERATURE REVIEW ON WORD TRADE ORGANIZATION
experienced a drop in trade share and this has, in turn, reduced their economic growth3. From a
developmental perspective WTO has failed and this calls for the organization to reexamine its