Please note the following requirements: failure to meet these requirements will result in the paper (s) being rejected. The papers should be minimum 3 pages, maximum 4 pages, character of size 12, double line spacing. Include your name, the title and page numbers. You can use any Biology or Microbiology textbook and online resources for material; however: do not simply copy and paste: quote your sources (bibliography) at the end of the paper. Be concise and creative, have a style, a good writing always leaves a good impression.
You can chose any topic from informative paper section or from essay section, see below. Essay topics are worth a bit more than informative papers.
Here are some of the topics you can write on. I will add more topics later.
1-Topics for Informative papers:
The theory of evolution
Glucose and Cellular Respiration (The 4 phases)
Glucose and Fermentation
Mitochondria & Chloroplast
DNA: Replication and Transcription
RNA: Transcription and Translation
Chlorophylls and Carotenoids
pH, acids and bases
Cell Division (cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis)
The cell and Cell theory
Membranes and transport.
Human genetics and genetic disorders
2-Topics for Essay Papers:
1- Human beings either burry or cremate dead bodies. Does it matter which method (burial or cremation) is used? With biology, microbiology, evolution, recycling of elements, environment, hygiene, and pollution etc. (perhaps also religion?) in mind, give your own preference and discuss why.
2- Your thoughts on the origin of life on earth: earth origin by spontaneous generation? Extraterrestrial origin? Biogenesis? What role did microbes have on life on earth?
3-Endosymbiotic theory proposes that at some point during biological evolution, primitive eukaryotes ingested early prokaryotic bacteria which later became mitochondria. Eukaryotes use mitochondria to handles their energy needs (cellular respiration.) How do you think primitive eukaryotic cells handled their energy needs before they acquired mitochondria?
4- Like DNA, RNA molecules store information. They also catalyze chemical reactions, just like enzymatic proteins do (ribozymes). Therefore, RNA-world hypothesis suggests that RNA had an important role in the origin of life on earth. Your thoughts on this hypothesis.
5- mRNA takes the message from DNA and translates it into protein. Why do you think the cell needs the mRNA step? Why not just go directly from DNA to protein?
6- Does medicine influence evolution? Yes or no, your thoughts.
7- 6- The place of the soul in biology: does the soul exist? How can you define the soul in biological terms?