What are the three ethical perspectives, and how do they compare?
We have 3 very different Ethical perspectives:
1. Utilitarianism: The most good for the maximum number of people
This acknowledges that it is morally impossible to do justice to everybody
2. Kant's philosophy: Truth must prevail, no matter what the consequences
The problem here is: What is truth? It is not easy to determine truth - for instance the 5 major religions have different standards of morality and virtue. Which is correct?
3. Rawl: (a) certain rights of the individual are fundamental and must not be taken away
(b) The way to deal with social inequalities are:
1. Equal opportunities for all
2. Positive discrimination: protect and favour the most disadvantaged members of society
Rawl tries to be practical here, acknowledging that there is no gold standard in ethics and morality.
All three perspectives agree on this point - hence their different approach.
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