Please help me Complete this Exam Ethics

Oct 17th, 2014
Anonymous
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Question description

Question 1

1.  Which captures Mill’s greatest happiness principle (or the principle of utility)?

a.

No one’s happiness (pleasure and the absence of pain) is more important than anyone else’s.

b.

Happiness (pleasure and the absence of pain) is what we all seek.

c.

Actions are right or wrong in proportion as they tend to produce happiness (pleasure and the absence of pain) and wrong as they tend to produce unhappiness (pain and the privation of pleasure) for the most people.

d.

Actions are right or wrong in proportion as they tend to produce happiness (pleasure and the absence of pain) and wrong as they tend to produce unhappiness (pain and the privation of pleasure).

Question 2

1.  What is the theory of life the greatest happiness principle is based on?

a.

That pleasure and freedom from pain are the only things desirable as ends.

b.

That pleasure and freedom from pain are too egoistic—you must consider everyone’s pleasure.

c.

That pleasure and freedom from pain are desirable as a means toward the good for all.

d.

That pleasure and freedom from pain should be what society desires.

Question 3

1.  How does Mill respond to the criticism that his theory of life is worthy of swine, not of men?

a.

He acknowledges that pigs are not aware of their pleasures the way man is.

b.

None of these.

c.

He distinguishes between two different types of pleasure.

d.

He acknowledges that all animals are pleasure seekers (and to find something wrong with that misses the point).

Question 4

1.  For Mill, a qualitatively superior pleasure is

a.

Both of these.

b.

Is viewed by those experienced with pleasures as a more desirable pleasure

c.

Is viewed by those experienced with pleasures as a pleasure that we experience more frequently.

d.

Neither of these.

Question 5

1.  If power is your main end in life, Mill explains this by saying:

a.

All of these.

b.

Power is part of your notion of happiness.

c.

Happiness is achieved for you by power.

d.

You have an innate desire for power.

Question 6

1.  How does Mill define happiness?

a.

a life lived in accordance with virtue

b.

the achievement of one’s goals

c.

pleasure and the absence of pain

d.

the fulfillment of one’s highest human potential

Question 7

1.  Mill’s supreme principle of morality is:

a.

the principle of utility.

b.

the formula of the end in itself.

c.

the natural law.

d.

the categorical imperative.

Question 8

1.  On what grounds does Mill think some pleasures can be judged higher or better than others?

a.

by the fact that we are basically animals

b.

by the preference for one kind of pleasure over another shared by all those fully acquainted with both

c.

by the compatibility of certain kinds of pleasure with our society's standards

d.

all of these

Question 9

1.  How does Mill think his assertion that happiness alone is desirable in itself can be proven?

a.

by observing the fact that people actually do desire it, and only it, as a good in itself

b.

by testing the claim against all the alternative theories available in the philosophical tradition

c.

by philosophical reflection on the innate tendencies of every human being

d.

by scientific experimentation

Question 10

1.  How does Mill respond to those who point out that some people desire virtue as good in itself?

a.

by arguing that virtue, like power, fame, or money, can become an ingredient of (and not just a means to) happiness

b.

all of these

c.

by showing that they have misunderstood the meaning of virtue.

d.

by claiming that the immoral person can be happy

Question 11

1.  According to Mill, pleasure and freedom from pain are the only things desirable for themselves and not as a means to some other end.

True

False

Question 12

1.  Mill ranks pleasures of the mind higher than pleasures of the body.

True

False

Question 13

1.  Mill argues that all pleasures are qualitatively the same.

True

False

Question 14

1.  The utilitarian standard of right action is the happiness of the one performing the action.

True

False

Question 15

1.  According to Mill, a completely contented fool is happier than an intelligent person who is not fully satisfied with his or her lot.

True

False

Question 16

1.  Explain what Moore is saying (in passage 8 (below) of the electronic Moore reading on Mil) about Mill’s so-called claim that some desires are superior in quality, or type, than others.

“It will be seen that Mill’s test for one pleasure’s superiority in quality over another is the preference of most people who have experienced both. A pleasure so preferred, he holds, is more desirable. But then, as we have seen, he holds that “to think of an object as desirable and to think of it as pleasant are one and the same thing”... He holds, therefore, that the preference of experts merely proves that one pleasure is pleasanter than another. But if that is so, how can he distinguish this standard from the standard of quantity of pleasure? Can one pleasure be pleasanter than another, except in the sense that it gives more pleasure?


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