The humanistic perspective on personality (featuring Maslow's hierarchy of needs), focuses on how the personality is related to achieving self-actualization through personal growth. Social Cognitive perspective on personality highlights the way that an individual interprets and organizes their surroundings in their personal schema. Trait perspective is best illustrated by the "big five" theory of perspective (McCrae, & Costa) which measures where an individual falls on a continuum of poles, such as extroversion vs introversion. Psychoanalytic theory of personality places the most importance on early development, stating that experiences in early childhood leave the strongest impression and anchor an individual around certain orientations to the environment as their individuality is developing.
Oct 23rd, 2014
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