rhetorical effectiveness of audience and purpose, english assignment help

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  1. Paragraph one summarizes the assignment; this describes the main points of the article/video/powerpoint.
  2. Paragraph two analyzes the rhetorical effectiveness of audience and purpose
  3. Paragraph three is your response: what you learned; how this information might influence your writing.
Only use very simple English. Only reference to given materials. 
Power point: See attached.

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1. Paragraph one summarizes the assignment; this describes the main points of the article/video/powerpoint. 2. Paragraph two analyzes the rhetorical effectiveness of audience and purpose 3. Paragraph three is your response: what you learned; how this information might influence your writing. Only need very simple English. Only reference to given materials. Videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0m-JW0mSBfg https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zN4fF9jIoic Articles: http://writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/argument/ http://www.mesacc.edu/~paoih30491/Refutationpgphs.html Power point: See attached. How to Write a Refutation Paragraph Strengthening Your Argument Through Concession The Refutation Paragraph  Found only in argument essays and argument research papers  Also known as the concession paragraph, because it concedes points  Acknowledges the valid points of the opposing argument  Prevents the writer from sounding narrow-minded, prejudiced, or uninformed  Establishes the ETHOS of the writer~  Shows you are ethical, that you see all sides, understand and appreciate your opponent’s point of view  This will not weaken your argument. A good concession paragraph will actually strengthen the paper by showing that the writer has thoughtfully understood and considered both sides before arriving at the final argument position. The Refutation Paragraph  Be careful! Be sure the other argument does not end up sounding better than your own.  You will need to counter the argument—or, sometimes, explain where you agree with your opposition  And where the differences lie. The Refutation Paragraph  Refutation paragraphs can be placed anywhere in the essay, but it is often most effective to front load it. You might put it early on, before you really get rolling on your own arguments.  A suggested outline for your argumentative essay is this:  Occasion/Scenario paragraph about the topic introducing your position – your THESIS  Refutation Paragraph about the opposing point of view  First “Body” Paragraph—your first point The Refutation Paragraph A Refutation Paragraph Typically Does the Following: Introduces the opposing argument Acknowledges parts of the opposition which are valid Counters the argument Concludes or transitions to your first argumentative point The Refutation Paragraph  Introduce the Opposing Argument  The writer summarizes the opposition's viewpoint openly and honestly. Ignoring the opposition is futile because the audience is aware of the opposing arguments and will doubt the credibility of a presentation that chooses to ignore the opposition rather than deal with it.  Ways writers can begin: But _______ is not completely inaccurate. It is often argued that... It is true that... Opposing views claim...  Of course, opponents have a valid point when they say that killing blue-nosed purple poppy plant eaters which automated machetes that spew acid at their victims is cruel and unusual. The Refutation Paragraph  Acknowledge parts of the opposition that are valid  The writer acknowledges that some of the opposition's claims may be valid, but the writer still shows that his own claims are stronger. The strength of the writer's claims are more convincing than the opposing viewpoints. A writer might explain the opposition's weakest points, contrasting them with his argument's strongest points.  Ways writers can begin: Admittedly, Certainly, Of course, One cannot deny that...  One cannot deny that the unnecesary spilling of radio-active, glow-inthe-dark blue-nosed blood is barbaric, especially when the exterminators accompany their rampages with high-pitched squeals of “Kill ‘em buggars!” and “Yippeeeee!” At the same time... The Refutation Paragraph  Counter the Argument  Introduce the rebuttal of the concession argument. The writer refutes the opposition's claims showing they are incorrect or inconsequential-not a real problem.  Ways writers can begin: Nevertheless, However, On the other hand, But...  Nevertheless, it is undeniable that the blue-nosed purple poppy eater is a dangerous menace to society, whose ravenous appetite for poppies is creating a frightening shortage of poppy seeds in the nation, and therefore, putting millions of poppy seed muffin makers out of work, leaving their children barefoot, unclothed, hungry, and whiney. The Refutation Paragraph  Introduce the Conclusion  The conclusion should summarize why the counter argument is not a sufficient solution.  Ways writers can begin Thus, Therefore, As a result, Sometimes writers might just want to restate his/her position simply.  Thus, it is reasonable and humanely ethical to assume that, while the extreme violence and sport-like nature of the killings must stop, the blue-nosed purple poppy eater population must be eradicated from America. The Refutation Paragraph  Thesis: School choice turns out to not only be a bad idea; it’s also a violation of our constitution.  Refutation: ...[Introduce Opposing Arguments] Considering the many challenges facing public schools, it’s understandable that many people would be eager to pursue new options. Supporters of school choice point out that under the current public school system, parents with economic means already exercise school choice by moving from areas with failing or dangerous schools to neighborhoods with better, safer schools. Their argument is that school choice would allow all parents the freedom, regardless of income level, to select the school that provides the best education (Chub and Moe). Schools would then have to compete for students by offering higher academic results and greater safety. Schools unable to measure up to the standards of successful schools would fail and possibly close.  [Acknowledge Valid Parts] Activists within the school choice movement can be applauded for seeking to improve public education, but the changes they propose would in fact seriously damage public education as a whole. The Refutation Paragraph  [Counter Arguments] One of the biggest dangers of school choice is the power behind large corporations specializing in opening and operating charter schools. Two notable companies are Green Dot, which is the leading public school operator in Los Angeles (Green Dot), and KIPP, which operates 65 schools in 19 different states [KIPP]. These companies represent a growing trend of privatization of public schools by large corporations. It is feared that these corporations could grow to a point that public control of education would be lost. Education policy would be left in the hands of entrepreneurial think tanks, corporate boards of directors, and lobbyists who are more interested in profit than educating students [Miller and Gerson].  [Begin Concluding] Education should be left in the hands of professional educators and not business people with MBAs. To do otherwise is not only dangerous, it defies common sense. The Refutation Paragraph  Thesis: In this time of threats and terrorism attacks on our national security, citizens should support the United States Government in issuing safe traveler cards to all citizens and legal residents of the country.  ........[Introduce Opposing Arguments] As attractive as Safe Traveler Cards or national ID cards are, they are not without drawbacks. For one thing, as Easterbrook notes, these cards would expedite security procedures only for travelers who do not mind volunteering such information to obtain a card. Moreover they would not prevent passengers with "clean" backgrounds from bringing weapons or explosives on board, as was the case in the September 11 attacks. Perhaps the biggest drawback is that some people believe that these cards would deprive people of their privacy and that for this reason, their disadvantages outweigh their advantages (168). Dershowitz 591). The Refutation Paragraph  ........However, there are many who disagree with these contentions. [Acknowledge Valid Parts] While national ID cards could lessen a person's anonymity and privacy, [Counter Argument] this is a small loss that would be offset by a great increase in personal security. To Dershowitz--a self proclaimed civil libertarian--this tradeoff would be well worth it. According to Dershowitz, the national ID card would be only a little more intrusive than a photo ID card or social security card. Best of all, it would reduce or eliminate the need for racial profiling: "Anyone who had the [national ID] card could be allowed to pass through airports or building security more expeditiously, and anyone who opted out could be examined much more closely" (590). Such cards would enable airport security officials to do instant background checks on everyone. [Begin Concluding] The personal information in the system would stay in the system and never be made public. The only information on the card would be a person's "name, address, photo, and [finger]print" (Dershowitz 591).
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Hello LeungPlease see the completed task in the attachment below...

Summary and Response 1

Summary and Response
From the provided reading material, it is clear that writing calls for a keen eye. For
argumentative essays, it provides that most lecturers assume that their students understand how it
is supposed to be done but it is not always the case (UNCL, 2016). More to this, argumentative
essays are the norm when it narrows down to writing academic papers hence understanding how
to do them properly is a big plus. It is also apparent that writing academic papers ca...

Really helpful material, saved me a great deal of time.


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