Need answers for Philosophy Unit Exam 4

Oct 27th, 2014
FratBro23
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1. According to Einstein, _________ will be perceived the same whether the observer is

 moving or not.

A. Space-time continuum

B. String theory

C. The speed of light

D. Theory of Relativity

2. Einstein’s theory about the ______implies that reality has four dimensions, not three.

A. Space-time continuum

B. String theory

C. The speed of light

D. Theory of Relativity

3. _______________is based on the claim that the ultimate building blocks of reality

 aren’t subatomic particles, but even smaller vibrating one-dimensional strings of

 energy.

A. Space-time continuum

B. String theory

C. The speed of light

D. Theory of Relativity

4. The world of subatomic particles spawned a separate branch of physics called quan-

 tum mechanics.

A. True

B. False

5. Imagine two twins. One gets onto a space ship and travels close to the speed of

 light for what the ship’s clocks record as a few months. The other twin remains on

 earth. When the space ship returns, there will be no difference in their ages.

A. True

B. False

6. Imagine that you are standing still, while a friend of yours is on a train heading north.

 You see two lightning bolts strike the ground at the same instant – one to the north

 and the other to the south. Einstein would say that your friend on the train experi-

 ences things differently, seeing the northern bolt strike before the southern bolt.

A. True

B. FalseUnit 4 Examination

176

Introduction to Philosophy

7. Unlike Newton, Einstein believes that space is constant and absolute and cannot

 “bend.”

A. True

B. False

8. One of the philosophical implications of Newton’s view of the universe is that human

 actions are totally free.

A. True

B. False

9. In ______________ “conventional” morality, including stages three and four, we un-

 derstand right and wrong in terms of laws and the expectations of others.

A. Kohlberg’s

B. Belenky’s

C. Gilligan’s

D. Perry

10. If we are at Perry’s second stage, “ unacceptable multiplicity,” and we hear two op-

 posite accounts of the causes of the Reformation, we would probably think that one,

 but only one, of the two accounts is true.

A. True

B. False

11. In Belenky’s fi rst stage, “____________,” knowledge is what some external authority

 says it is.

A. Constructed knowledge

B. Received knowledge

C. Subjective knowledge

D. Procedural knowledge

12. In Belenky’s fi nal stage, “_______________,” believing is more important than doubt-

 ing.

A. Constructed knowledge

B. Received knowledge

C. Subjective knowledge

D. Procedural knowledgeUnit 4 Examination

177

Introduction to Philosophy

13. If we combine the two perspectives represented by Kohlberg and Gilligan, the prob-

 lem of the moral justifi cation of an action becomes more diffi cult and involved.

A. True

B. False

14. Sex refers to societal roles, whereas gender refers to biology.

A. True 

B. False

15. In Perry’s fi nal stage, “relativism,” we generally believe that truth is a function of

 cultural norms.

A. True

B. False

16. According to Gilligan, in the view of most women, “the moral person is one who can

 understand and act in accordance with philosophical principles such as Kant’s ‘cat-

 egorical imperative’”

A. True

B. False

17. “Human” and “person” are different, but related, ideas. “Human” is a biological 

 concept, while “person” is a _____________ concept.

A. Theological

B. Philosophical

C. Scientifi c

D. Emotional

18. Humans’ curiosity about dolphins can be traced back at least to ancient__________.

A. Rome

B. China

C. Greece

D. None of the aboveUnit 4 Examination

178

Introduction to Philosophy

19. The one dolphin sense that acts as both their eyes and ears in the water is like the

 modern human sonar system onboard submarines.

A. True

B. False

20. Dolphins have a body temperature of _________ degrees.

A. 98.6

B. 96.8

C. 90.2

D. 92.2

21. As far as the criteria for “personhood” are concerned, dolphins probably do possess

 “awareness” because the fact that they can be so easily trained shows that they are

 aware of the external world and able to interact with it.

A. True

B. False

22. The fact that dolphins can perform leaps, dives and fl ips on cue from trainers: prove

 that dolphins are not intelligent enough to be persons, because persons would not 

 perform such menial behaviors.

A. True

B. False

23. In terms of the criteria for personhood developed in this chapter, dolphins, on bal-

 ance, did pretty well.

A. True

B. False

24. Dolphins live very solitary lives. 

A. True

B. False

25. One reason for choosing dolphins for such an inquiry is that it lets us keep the con-

 cept “person” from being too heavily colored by the notion “human.” This is possible 

 because there are substantial differences between humans and dolphins. 

A. True

B. False


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