Revise Postmodernism, psychology assignment help

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Running head: POSTMODERN MODELS OF MFT Postmodern Models of MFT Amanda June Lewis Introduction to the Postmodern Approaches to Marriage and Family Therapy October 2, 2016 Dr. Aurelia Bickler POSTMODERN MODELS OF MFT Postmodern Models of MFT Thesis Statement: Postmodern therapies are founded on information with an importance on differences in relationships and behavior. I. Systems Theory and Social Constructionism A. Similarity B. Difference C. Social Constructs Related to Constructionism II. Postmodern Philosophy A. Postmodern Spirit III. Recovery Model A. Primary Components of Recovery Model 2 POSTMODERN MODELS OF MFT 3 Systems Theory and Social Constructionism Similarity The similarity between systems theory and social constructionism is that they both provide the therapist with a framework to understand a group (Cottone, 2013). Systems theory is an interdisciplinary theory concerning the nature of complex structures and society and provides counselors with a framework for investigating social interactions between groups (Cottone, 2013). Social constructionism implies that our realism is influenced by our experiences and interactions with others (Andrews, 2012). Both theories also focus on social interactions. Difference The difference between systems theory and social constructionism is based on limitation (Cottone, 2013). According to Cottone (2013), Systems theory relies on a circular causal model. This model perceives problems to be caused by cyclical patterns of interactions. In systems theory, victims get implicated in their abuse. Social constructionism, on the other hand, addresses the limits of this paradigm in systems theory. Constructionism believes that the cause of problems is diverse and can be con-sensualized. The cause can be either circular and relational or linear and individual (Cottone, 2013) Social Constructs Related to Constructionism One of the social constructs is the Thomas theorem. This theory maintains that one’s reality results in matching consequences (Andrews, 2012). This theory is significant in modern juvenile justice systems. The other Sociological construct is the ethnomethodology. According to Andrews, (2012), this theory analyses the impact background assumption on people’s POSTMODERN MODELS OF MFT 4 perceptions. Other constructs are positive aging, collaborative therapy, brief therapy, and ethics of mutual accountability in social relationships. Postmodern Philosophy Postmodern philosophy is an approach to psychology that queries the ability to know ultimate truth and applies many methodologies to achieve this (Applebaum, 2012). It is an assumption by the postmodern philosophy that the world fostered by the Western human tradition is corrupt, oppressive and flawed. The philosophy assumes that there is a limitation in truth and that the truth is approximate and constantly evolving. Again, our minds and ideas of things are separated from the things themselves (Applebaum, 2012). Other Primary assumptions are that reality is constructed through language and through four levels which include personal, linguistic, relational and societal levels. Postmodern Spirit Gehart, (2014) Articulates that postmodern spirit is one’s belief that they will have a particular outcome. However, this can only be expressed verbally and is not a reflection of their actual reality of the situations that the particular individual has been through. With the moment that passes this person will create a new reality. According to (Gehart, 2014), the person undergoes change through each of these moments and their situations, relationships and life outcomes change too. Recovery Model Mental health recovery is the process of staying in control of one’s life despite experiencing a mental health problem (Leamy, Bird, Boutillier, Williams, & Slade, 2011). POSTMODERN MODELS OF MFT 5 Recovery does not imply complete recovery from the issue of mental health just like one would recover from a physical health problem. The recovery model is essential in describing this school of thought. Mental health recovery is beyond restoring the mind to its former health. Recovery, in this case, involves improvement of mental health, living a self-directed life and striving to reach one’s full potential. Primary Components of Recovery Model The first component of recovery model is self-direction. Each person determines his or her path of recovery through optimisation of autonomy, control of resources and independence to achieve a self-determined life (Leamy, et al. 2011). The second component is that recovery is holistic. By being holistic, it implies that it encompasses the whole life of an individual. Again recovery is self-centered and individualised. Recovery is non-linear and not a step-by-step process (Leamy, et al. 2011). POSTMODERN MODELS OF MFT 6 References Andrews, T. (2012). What is Social Constructionism? Grounded Theory Review: An International Journal, Vol. 11. Applebaum, M. (2012). Phenomenological Psychological research as science. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 43(1), 36-72. Cottone, R. (2013, September 1). A paradigm shift in counseling philosophy. Retrieved from American Counseling Association Website: http://ct.counseling.org/2013/09/a-paradigmshift-in-counseling-philosophy/ Gehart, D. R. (2014). Mastering competencies in family therapy: A practical approach to theory and clinical case documentation. Cengage Learning. Leamy, M., BirdV., Boutillier, C., Williams, J., & Slade, M. (2011). Conceptual framework for personal recovery in mental health: systematic review and narative synthesis. The British Journal of Psychiatry 199(6), 445-452. ...
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Running head: POSTMODERN MODELS OF MFT

Postmodern Models of MFT
Amanda June Lewis
Introduction to the Postmodern Approaches to Marriage and Family Therapy
October 2, 2016
Dr. Aurelia Bickler

POSTMODERN MODELS OF MFT

Postmodern Models of MFT
Thesis Statement: Postmodern therapies are founded on information with an importance on
differences in relationships and behavior.
I.

Systems Theory and Social Constructionism
A. Similarity
B. Difference
C. Social Constructs Related to Constructionism

II.

Postmodern Philosophy
A. Postmodern Spirit

III.

Recovery Model
A. Primary Components of Recovery Model

2

POSTMODERN MODELS OF MFT

3

Systems Theory and Social Constructionism Similarity
The similarity between systems theory and social constructionism is that they both provide
the therapist with a framework to understand a group (Cottone, 2013). Systems theory is an
interdisciplinary theory concerning the nature of complex structures and society and provides
counselors with a framework for investigating social interactions between groups (Cottone, 2013).
Social constructionism implies that our realism is influenced by our experiences and interactions
with others (Andrews, 2012). Both theories also focus on social interactions. Systems...

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