SYG 2000 Howard University The Birth Control Pill Sociology Essay

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SYG 2000

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Section 1

Assignment - The Pill

Purpose

It might seem strange to you, but the invention of the birth control pill affected sexual relations, dating, marriage, and reproduction in the United States in revolutionary ways. In fact, in 2010, Time magazine named it the most important invention of the 20th century. I would like for you to explore this invention as a powerful mechanism of social change.


Directions

  1. Margaret Sanger is credited with the invention of the birth control pill and also the founder of Planned Parenthood. She is most often presented as a heroine and advocate for women's rights and birth control. By reading the following two sources, you will see two very different sides of her.
  2. Under "The Film and More," select “Primary Sources.” Read the 1966 article “The Pill: Negatively Affecting US Morals? (Links to an external site.)
  3. Watch the PBS film, The Pill [Duration: 56:11]
  4. Finally, please answer the following questions and submit your answers in a two page paper using the assignment link below:
    • What did you learn about Margaret Sanger and the eugenics movement? In the early days of her work, why did she target minorities and women with intellectual disabilities? Why do you think this part of the story is not mentioned in Sociology textbooks and women's rights organizations?
    • What connections can you make with Sanger's early attempts to target minorities and the minority populations today that access birth control and abortion clinics?
    • Discuss how Sanger and her scientist can be seen as leaders of a social movement. Both did not live to see the full implementation of this product.
    • What did you think of the 1966 anti-pill article? What connections do you see between what was said here and current discussions of sexuality and reproduction?
    • What are the important points you learned from the video about sexuality and reproduction before the pill and after the pill? How has life for women and families drastically changed due to the invention of this small pill?

Submission

Save your essay as "The-Pill-Your Last Name" in .doc or .docx format. Click the Submit Assignment button above to submit it as an attachment.


Grading

This assignment is worth up to 20 points. I will grade it based on the thoughtfulness of your responses and how well the responses show that you reviewed, understood, and reflected on the assigned materials. Please refer to the grading rubric below.

Page 5 of 12 in Module 7

Proceed to the next page by clicking the Next button below.

Rubric

SOC 200 The Pill Grading Rubric

SOC 200 The Pill Grading Rubric

CriteriaRatingsPts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeExplained the following - What did you learn about Margaret Sanger and the eugenics movement? In the early days of her work, why did she target minorities and mentally retarded women? Why do you think this part of the story is not mentioned in Sociology textbooks and women's rights organizations?

4.0 pts

Meets Expectations

0.0 pts

Does Not Meet Expectations

4.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeExplained the following - What connections can you make with Sanger's early attempts to target minorities and the minority populations today that access birth control and abortion clinics?

3.0 pts

Meets Expectations

0.0 pts

Does Not Meet Expectations

3.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeDiscussed how Sanger and her scientist can be seen as leaders of a social movement.

4.0 pts

Meets Expectations

0.0 pts

Does Not Meet Expectations

4.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeExplained the following - What did you think of the 1966 anti-pill article? What connections do you see between what was said here and current discussions of sexuality and reproduction?

6.0 pts

Meets Expectations

0.0 pts

Does Not Meet Expectations

6.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeExplained the following - What are the important points you learned from the video about sexuality and reproduction before the pill and after the pill? How has life for women and families drastically changed due to the invention of this small pill?

3.0 pts

Meets Expectations

0.0 pts

Does Not Meet Expectations

3.0 pts

Total Points: 20.0


Section 2

Technology and Human Connection

Purpose

This assignment provides you with an opportunity to recognize social changes in personal communication and relationships due to technology and evaluate human adaptation to environment.


Directions

Please make sure to follow the discussion guidelines found in Module 1.1 Discussion.

Part 1: Initial Post

  1. Please view this video lecture, Connected, Yet Alone? [Length 19:42] (Links to an external site.) This video is about media, technology, and the social change that is occurring with communication. The lecturer, Sherry Turkle is a cultural analyst that teaches at MIT. The lecture runs 19 minutes and 45 seconds. Make some notes of important points as you will be using them to create your discussion post.
  2. Read the first three sections of the article “Coronavirus: How COVID-19 is changing the world” (Links to an external site.)from Lens April 2020
    1. A new appreciation for social connection
      Dr Barbara Barbosa Neves, SociologyNew modes of civic life have emerged
      Professor Scott Wright, JournalismWe'll be increasingly monitored through our devices
      Professor Mark Andrejevic, Media Studies
  3. Now that you have viewed the lecture, Connected, Yet Alone? and read the article “Coronavirus: How Covid-19 is changing the world,” you are ready to create a discussion post. Consider the main points that were made in the lecture including, "we are lonely, yet afraid of intimacy." Consider also how effective technology might be at keeping us connected during calls for social distancing amid the Coronavirus pandemic.
    • How has technology affected your own life and ability to communicate with others?
    • What indications do you have that people are more comfortable behind a screen in certain situations than they are in person?
    • Add to your discussion by including quotes from the lecture or reading that you either agree or disagree with.
    • Include some of the tools you may have been using to stay connected like social network sites (Facebook, Twitter and Tik Toc), multiplayer video games that create social spaces (Minecraft, etc.), or educational platforms (for you or your children) in your discussion and its relevance in your own life or society in general.

Part 2: Comments

Remember to respond to at least one classmate thoughtfully.

Continue monitoring the discussion by answering questions and providing clarifications until the end of the discussion.

Make sure to follow the online communication netiquette to create a friendly and helpful online learning environment.

Submission

Post your initial response by clicking the Reply button below, and then participate in the discussion. You can find the discussion forum by clicking the Discussions link in Course Navigation as well.


Grading

This assignment is worth a total of 10 points. Refer to the discussion grading rubric to understand how this assignment will be graded.


Section 3

Journal - Future Trends in Gender

Purpose

This assignment provides you with an opportunity to compare the different behavioral patterns of consumption between men and women. You will also assess future trends in marketing to women and women's participation in the consumer market.


Directions

Please follow the journal guideline found in Module 1.2 Journal to complete the assignment.

  1. Watch the following video.Marketing to Women vs. Men [Length 4:22] (Links to an external site.)This short video contains an interview with Fabio Viviani, a famous chef. He reaffirms Bridget Brennan's information on women as the world's most powerful consumers. He also discusses how differently men and women consider making a purchase. Signs of the different socialization of women and men are apparent in this discussion as well.
  2. After watching the video on men and women as consumers and reading the article on tween girls selling products from home (find the article in Module 7.2: Reading-Comprehension), reflect on what you have learned for this journal entry. Following the rubric for journal entries, include the following in your submission in order to receive full credit:
    • Contrast the motivation for consumption (shopping) between men and women.
    • What do you think the future trend of women's involvement in marketing and executive level careers will be?
    • How do you see the middle school girls home business in the near future? Will it flourish or fade away? Explain.
    • As always, please use plenty of examples from the video and reading to support your answer.

Submission:

Submit the journal entry by clicking the Submit Assignment button in the upper right corner of the screen.


Grading

The journal is worth 10 points. Follow the grading rubric for journals below. I will be grading on how well you address each of the provided questions in your essay response.

Section 4

Journal - The Electoral College

  • Points 10
  • Submitting a text entry box

Purpose

This assignment provides you with an opportunity to evaluate why the electoral college is relevant in America's democratic system and discuss how the electoral college protects citizens from unequal representation in the voting process.


Directions

Please follow the journal guideline found in Module 1.2 Journal to complete the assignment.

Popular Vote Map 11-19-16

null

In order to better understand our US election system and discern the difference between the popular vote and the electoral college, you will be writing a journal discussion on what you learn from the sources below:

  1. View the following short video segment.
  2. Read this article from BBC News August 2020 US election 2020: What is the electoral college? (Links to an external site.)
  3. Read this article from Washington Post July 2020 Supreme Court says a state may require presidential electors to support its popular-vote winner: The court announced its decision MondayLinks to an external site.
  4. Read this article from PBS 11/6/16. Electoral College is ‘vestige’ of slavery, say some Constitutional scholars (Links to an external site.)
  5. Read this report by the PEW RESEARCH CENTER 3/13/20. A majority of Americans continue to favor replacing Electoral College with a nationwide popular vote (Links to an external site.)
  6. Watch: ONE OPTION: NATIONAL POPULAR VOTE - Explains the problem of “winner take all” state laws electoral college, the difficulties of changing the constitution, and shows one solution that circumvents the constitution. There are other videos on their website that discuss big states and small states to show that the current system is not protecting the interests of small states, and that larger states would not be controlling the elections.
  7. After viewing the videos and reading the news articles, please answer the following questions by using examples from each source. Remember to use complete sentences and proper grammar.
    1. If the election relied solely on the popular vote, how might many Americans votes 'not count' toward the election outcome? Explain.
    2. How do supporters of the National Popular Vote Act contradict the idea above?
    3. What are your conclusions about the Electoral College? Support your answer. Include sociological concepts and theories where possible.

Submission:

Submit the journal entry by clicking the Submit Assignment button in the upper right corner of the screen.


Grading

The journal is worth 10 points. Follow the grading rubric for journals below. I will be grading on how well you address each of the provided questions in your essay response.


Rubric

SOC 200 Journal Grading Rubric

SOC 200 Journal Grading Rubric

CriteriaRatingsPts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeCritical analysis of the material in the assignment. Analysis may include personal feelings on the subject matter supported with examples or evidence of why you feel this way. Although personal experience is fine to cite, it should not form the basis of your arguments for supported material. Adding additional evidence or statistics from literary sources, newspapers, media, or the textbook can enhance the analysis and make it more polished and valid. (2-3 paragraphs)

5.0 pts

Meets Expectations

0.0 pts

Does Not Meet Expectations

5.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeSummary of main points and concepts extracted from the assignment (may include videos, articles, or textbook material including exercises). (1-2 paragraphs)

2.5 pts

Meets Expectations

0.0 pts

Does Not Meet Expectations

2.5 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeProper sentence structure, grammar, and spelling.

2.5 pts

Meets Expectations

0.0 pts

Does Not Meet Expectations

2.5 pts

Total Points: 10.0

Section 5

Globalization

11 unread reply.11 reply.

Module 8 Table of Contents

Purpose

This assignment provides you with the opportunity to apply globalization theories of modernization and dependency to explain labor in low-income regions like Bangladesh.


Directions

Please make sure to follow the discussion guidelines found in Module 1.1 Discussion.

Part 1: Initial Post

Please use your VCCS email username and password if you are prompted for login credentials.

  1. View the video “How Fair Is Fashion? Issues in Globalization” [Length 26:14]Links to an external site..
  2. The theories from Chapter 10 Global Inequality in your textbook are applied in the video. Look for examples of Modernization Theory and Dependency Theory in this film.
  3. You will see the stark contrast between high income nations (like the U.S.) and low-income nations like the example of Bangladesh, India. Write a discussion of at least two paragraphs in which you describe how both of these theories can be applied to the fashion industry in Bangladesh. Include the feminization of poverty as a concept seen in the film.

Part 2: Comments

Remember to respond to at least one classmate thoughtfully.

Continue monitoring the discussion by answering questions and providing clarifications until the end of the discussion.

Make sure to follow the online communication netiquette to create a friendly and helpful online learning environment.

Submission

Post your initial response by clicking the Reply button below, and then participate in the discussion. You can find the discussion forum by clicking the Discussions link in Course Navigation as well.


Grading

This assignment is worth a total of 10 points. Refer to the discussion grading rubric to understand how this assignment will be graded.

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Explanation & Answer

Attached. Please let me know if you have any questions or need revisions.

1
THE PILL

The Pill

Student’s name
Professor’s name
Course number: Course name
Institutional affiliation
Date

2
THE PILL
The Pill
Margret Sanger was one of the most significant birth control activists and an important
figure in the development of Enovid, the first birth control pill (PBS, 2001, para 7). The move to
enhance birth control influenced Sanger to fight against Comstock laws and support the eugenics
movement, which aims to achieve racial regeneration. In her paper, Margret stated that birth
control advances the eugenic value by instituting voluntary birth control instead of sterilization
and forced breeding. On this matter, Sanger noted that birth control supports eugenic in three
lenses: birth control creates a self-directed and autonomous type of racial regeneration,
regeneration is impossible without giving control over reproduction, and birth control is a
hopeful method since established sex ethics codes have proved incapable of preventing racial
and sexual chaos. In her support for eugenics, Sanger targeted women with mental disabilities
and minorities due to the perception that they were disruptors of civilization (Sanger, 1921).
Moreover, Margret targeted individuals in these populations since she viewed these women as
part of a submerged population, affected by ineffective social ethics codes.
In support of eugenics, Sanger argued that racial regeneration entailed improving the
quality of future generations and cited women in these populations are significant beneficiaries
of birth control since it would enhance civilization through self-realization and development.
However, Margret's primary aim was to eliminate these populations (Sanger, 1921, para 9).
Despite her inhumane assertions, this side of Sanger's story is ignored by women's rights
associations and Sociology textbooks. According to a 2016 article, this part is not in Sociology
textbooks since Margret's primary aim was to enhance women's lives by allowing controlled
pregnancy (Latson, 2016, para 10). Due to the success of her efforts, this part is not mentioned
since Sanger's work led to the improvement of women's lives in the long-run.

3
THE PILL
On another matter, Sanger's early efforts to target minorities have been successful due to
an increase in the minority population accessing abortion clinics and birth control. The reason for
this is since birth control led to the creation of cheap reproduction control methods that have
increased the accessibility of birth control pills to women in these groups. However, white
women have significantly used these pills compared to black women due to higher education and
income levels. In a 2013 article, the results showed that white women had 12 abortions out of
1000 procreative women, whereas non-Hispanic African American women had 40 abortions out
of 1000 reproductive women (Dehlendorf et al., 2013, para 2). These figures show that whites
had more access to birth control pills than minority populations such as African Americans.
Due to Sanger's success in eliminating Comstock laws in the US, a factor that led to the
acceptance of birth control, Margret and Gregory Pincus, her scientist, can be said to be social
movement leaders. A social movement is a group that fights for social change through the
achievement of a social goal. From this perspective, Sanger and Pincus can be viewed as social
movement leaders since their work awakened women to control their lives (Lumenlearning,
2020). Furthermore, the formation of birth control pills led to a social change in reproduction and
sexuality since the medication allowed women to control pregnancy. The need to have access to
reproduction control methods then led to increased women's awareness and the acceptance of
these methods by religious institutions.
Regarding the anti-pill article of 1966, the paper shows the effect of "the pill" on the
country's moral patterns. In the article, the primary argument is that birth control will result in
social anarchy and loss of the meaning of sex. According to the article, this would happen since
the pill eliminated pregnancy fear, which deterred people from engaging in early promiscuity.
For instance, the paper gives an example of college girls sleeping in a motel with boys during an

4
THE PILL
Ivy league university weekend trip (PBS, 1966). Moreover, the article argues that the pill has led
to less talk about what is right and wrong and more about individuals making the right decisions.
In a reflection of the article and public discussions regarding reproduction and sexuality,
a connection arises due to similarities between the article and current talks on the topic. For
instance, concerning sexuality, premarital sex acceptance has risen from 29% to 58% from the
1970s to 2012. Studies also show that social attitudes are more permissive concerning early
promiscuity (Lucke, 2015, para 2). Additionally, concerning reproduction, current discussions
show a drop in human reproduction from 31% of families having children beyond fourth born in
1950 to 5% in 2015 (Swaen et al., 2018, para 6). According to these statistics, it is clear that
there is a relationship between the 1966 article and current discussions since worries
communicated in the article are the reality in modern times.
Lastly, in "the pill," a PBS film, the video conveys important points regarding
reproduction and sexuality before and after the pill. According to the film, before the pill, sex
was after marriage due to fear but not lack of interest since women were afraid of getting
pregnant at the wrong time. The film also shows that before the film, women had to move from
absolute celibacy to full-blown sexuality with husbands due to societal expectations of children,
a factor that led to three decades of childbearing. On the contrary, the video shows a different
situation for women after the pill (PBS, 2003). In this regard, the film shows that the pill led to
more sexual freedom and reduced reproduction due to changed attitude...


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