Sociology questions 2

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What is meant by the terms "ascribed status" and "achieved status" provide an example to illustrate how a person's ascribed status could influence his or her achieved status.

Discuss the six types of leaders that could be in a social institution.

Nov 1st, 2014

Achieved status is a concept developed by the anthropologist Ralph Linton denoting a social position that a person can acquire on the basis of merit; it is a position that is earned or chosen. It is the opposite of ascribed status. It reflects personal skills, abilities, and efforts. Examples of achieved status are being an Olympic athlete, being a criminal, or being a college professor.

Ascribed status is a position assigned to individuals or groups based on traits beyond their control, such as sex, race, or parental social status. This is usually associated with "closed" societies. Achieved status is distinguished from ascribed status by virtue of being earned.

Many positions are a mixture of achievement and ascription; for instance, a person who has achieved the status of being a physician is more likely to have the ascribed status of being born into a wealthy family. This is usually associated with "open" societies or "social" class societies.

Reference:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achieved_status

Six types of Leaders

Pacesetting

Authoritative

Affiliative

Coaching

Coercive

Democratic

Reference:

http://www.fastcompany.com/1838481/6-leadership-styles-and-when-you-should-use-them


Nov 1st, 2014

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