Dan Ariely on our buggy moral code, english assignment help

Question Description

listen to the video and explain the main point, I attached an example of the answer

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This talk touches on several applicable cognitive biases: 1. Anchoring bias: people are over-reliant on the first piece of information they hear. It is found that only 6 media firms (Comcast, Time Warner, Disney, News Corp, Viacom, and CBS) control 90% of all the media we see (including movies, songs, TV shows, and books). Though the media doesn't tell us what to think, they are able to control what we think about, which is a key aspect of keeping things the way they are. 2. Availability heuristic: people overestimate the importance of information available to them. Considering the small number of people who actually know about the large corporations behind the media they see, they may tend to wholeheartedly believe whatever these companies spew out. The sarcastic saying "if it's on the Internet, it must be true" actually does hold some truth in this scenario. If people see a piece of information somewhere (whether that be in a commercial, in a newspaper, or in a documentary), they tend to believe it is true. 3. Blind-spot analysis: people fail to recognize their own cognitive biases. The second half of this TED Talk discussed the public pedagogies of what it means to be a "masculine female" or a "feminine male" in today's society. He gave examples of his own daughter being strong, athletic, and loving Star Wars, and how society chalked her up to being a Tom Boy, and "feisty." The speaker made no effort to hide his disgust at terms like these in regards to how his daughter expressed herself. He also talked about a young boy who likes My Little Pony, and how society had bullied him so much that he'd tried to hang himself. In reality, most people don't recognize their own cognitive biases, especially biases about the "proper" way genders should act in society. 4. Selective perception: allowing our expectations to influence how we perceive the world This can be applied to our own perceptions of the world, as well as to the media companies that control those perceptions. We live in a 100% media-saturated society in which Disney has achieved 100% penetration. Many people think that Disney stands to mold young girls into strong women, and they tend to think Disney is a great company that does fantastic things for the world. However, Disney has refused to market princesses like Leia from Star Wars, or superheroes like Gamora from Guardians of the Galaxy and Black Widow from The Avengers. In some cases, Disney has even replaced these prominent women with their male counterparts, just to sell higher amounts of merchandise. Still, since the public expects Disney to be such a positively influential company, they tend to look away whenever Disney plays into the negative and archaic stereotypes that are still prevalently permeated in our society. 5. Stereotyping: expecting a group or person to have certain qualities without having real information about the person. I think this one is pretty self-explanatory. Media companies are successfully contributing to already-unnecessary stereotypes. Unfortunately, too few of people realize this, and the world has yet to see improvements. ...
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Final Answer

Here you go, let me know if you need any revisions!
Here you go, let me know if you need any revisions!

Ted Talk Meaning
The main point that is spoke about within the Ted talk video is how our intuition works.
The main parts of our intuition are the areas that make up our normal sense of individuality,
control, and freedom to do what we find is right. Certain situations become unknown or even
uncomfortable in ways that our intuition kicks in for us to determine what will happen next. The
choices we make on our intuition is to avoid the choices that may seem of an inconvenience, out
of our social context and what we are comfortable with, or what may not seem as easy.
Institutively we turn to what is more convenient, such as the nurse believing ripping off the band
aids in a shorter period of time would be the best fit.
Convenience can be due to th...

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