Running head: ONLINE DATING
Chamberlain College of Nursing
Online dating is one of latest ingenious innovations that have been made possible through
technological advancement. Online dating has therefore provided a platform where individuals can
engage in social interaction and be able to develop proper relations which to some extent has led
to marriages for those individuals engaged. The social media has boosted the online dating
although there exist specific dating sites where individuals can engage either for fun or serious
relationships. Online dating has therefore come to the rescue of individuals who have difficulties
in socializing or finding relationships through physical engagement with the other party or
individuals who have low self-esteem. Online dating has numerous positive impact to the society.
Therefore, online dating should be encouraged because it promotes cohesion and integration
among individuals from across the globe.
Because on an online dating is a very broad subject that cuts across all social classes and
communities across. It is important to develop the target group with much efficiency so that the
information can be obtained from the rights individuals and ensure that the right group of audience
benefits from the results especially positive strategies that influence online dating. Therefore the
right target group that the research will base on the individuals within the age group between 20
years and 60 years. The target group is selected because online dating has no boundaries and to
focus on the existing theory that participation in online dating tends to increase with increasing
age. Thus, this target group will be able to provide all the necessary information in being in a
position to understand the principles and important elements that are involved in online dating.
The extreme age limits of 20 and 60 will provide important key information that constitutes the
characteristics that can be based on when understanding online dating. Even though it is worth
noting that participation in online dating is not restricted within the selected age group, but there
are incidences where younger individuals than 20 years are participating with also older
individuals greater than 60 years participating it all depends on with the reason for participation.
Online dating is an important technological development that helps individuals a great deal
especially when dealing varying personal attributes such as self-esteem and individual moral. Not
everyone has the guts to engage with other physically and establish a bond much easily than when
it is done online. Thus due to the numerous benefits of online dating to both old and young, online
dating should be highly encouraged and promoted because of its positive influence on the societies
across the globe.
Self-presentation strategies among online dating participants is an important aspect that will be
considered in the development of this research. Because it is online dating where individuals are
expected to provide very accurate information, online dating participants manage their online
presentation perfectly making them perfect as possible while also striving to remain relevant and
true to themselves. The participants tend to have an idea about the existence of two worlds, online
world and the physical or real world. Even though there is need to improve on the online world to
create a more attractive profile, the participants are encouraged to create a profile that does not
significantly different from the real profile.
Understanding the relationship between age, involvement in online dating and how age influences
online dating is worth considering when seeking to understand how online dating can be boosted.
Age plays a significant role especially in choosing to participate in online dating. Young online
dating participants and the old dating participants have very different reasons as to why they
participate in online dating. It is very difficult to get an individual above 60 years of age
participating in online dating just for fun. This shows that even though all of them participate in
online dating, the priorities are very different. Studies have shown that participation in online
dating increases with increasing age of the participants. There are reasons that effectively provide
the explanation for this trend (Stephure et.al, 2009).
Age of individuals participating in online dating
Understanding the privacy concerns, uncertainty reduction, and self-disclosure among
online dating participants provides important information that this research can employ in creating
a better argument on the importance of online dating and how it positively provides significant
information on the need to promote online dating due to its role in the society. Developing a better
online dating argument that can efficiently promote the main research subject, it is important to
understand some of the assumed aspects that can make a huge difference. In online dating, the
influence of the internet on the operations is an assumed factor that should be highly regarded
within the project since all other factors come into play when there exist a better internet
connectivity (Gibbs et.al, 2010).
Important elements in online dating
Several factors need to be understood when seeking to understand the activities
surrounding online dating among different individuals. The fact that online dating cuts across
different age groups and social class presents a unique idea that will help in creating favorable
characteristics that can be effectively considered in general understanding of online dating.
Individuals who participate in online dating possess some unique characteristics that need to be
understood if there is any chance of understanding how online dating works..
Pie chart showing percentage of the individuals who would online date
Tomaa et.al (2008) presents different arguments regarding the presentation of individuals
in online dating. Self-presentation is very important in online dating since it is the main method
that an individual who participates in the online dating can impress other suitors in the online
dating sites. Since different individuals have different preferences when it comes to the objectives
for participating in online dating, there is the need to emphasize the importance of image
presentation of an individual. This has led to many online dating clients to provide a different
image that the actual image to attract more clients. All online daters depend on their image to
attract possible suitors. In situations where an individual is looking for a real romantic relationship
that may lead to marriage or depending on how they want it, they will provide true image
representation so that other subscribers know exactly what they are getting instead of expecting
something only to get another (Toma et.al, 2008).
Creating online profile is the major area of importance that online daters take their time to
invest into ensuring that the profile generated is spotless. Both men and women have different
elements that they would like to incorporate into their profile to improve their ratings. Most men
tend to incorporate health and exercises into their profiles to attract many individuals to view their
profiles. Women looking for love online tend to have a higher level of attractiveness to a man who
works out. Travel and politics are also other important aspects for a male online dater to include
on their profile since it plays a significant role in promoting the image of the individual thus being
able to attract relations that are more possible (Valkenburg and Peter, 2007).
However, for women, it is very different as the aspects and elements included in the profile
are of different taste. Women tend to include some of the most attractive traits that can help
improve the ratings of their profiles on online dating sites. Some of the common elements that
women incorporate in their profiles include dancing, food, and family. This plays an important
role in promoting an individual’s profile and help in attracting suitors that are more possible.
Online dating in most cases is dismissed as a realm of superficial judgment. Thus it makes it much
important to acknowledge the fact that inner growth is greatly valued. Every individual focuses on
the traits of a suitor that best suits their preferences according to the information developed in the
profile of individuals. Thus, it is important to ensure that the information provided in the profile is
true to avoid having embarrassing engagements with other individuals who have a completely
different personality that shows that the ability to establish a lasting relationship is very difficult
since there is no connection (Stephure et.al, 2009).
The current improvement in technological has made it possible to access online dating sites
across the world. Thus online dating sites have become so many where an individual has to choose
the best suitable site that they are comfortable with. Technological advancement is the main reason
why online dating is present in the first place. Therefore, the changes can make the process more
attractive and enjoyable. In this 21st century, the internet seems to propel almost every sector
within individual’s development. Through the internet, the world has become a global village,
which has played a significant role in improving the relationships among individuals where they
can freely interact and form relationships depending on the objectives of individuals who
participate in these developments (Gibbs et.al, 2010).
The respondent’s perception regarding online dating in 2005 and 2013
Online dating gives an edge to individuals who are searching for new union and
engagements that were not present before. Online dating is essential in the current social life
especially due to the reason that it provides a significant platform when choosing a suitable partner
through critical evaluation of an individual. This prevents some of the common causes of numerous
divorce, which is being fostered by the inability of the couples to understand each other. Online
dating, therefore, provides an important factor since it helps in understanding each other pretty
well before deciding to move the relations further. It also offers a variety of individuals’ profiles
to choose from thus limiting the ability to choose a wrong partner. This is the main reason why
there is the need for a suitor to ensure that the information developed on n individuals profile is
correct (Valkenburg and Peter, 2007).
The initial idea of online dating was to get to know someone without necessarily knowing
him or her since there is no physical presence. Since most of the online dating sites are not
regulated, there is need to ensure that as online daters provide true information about themselves.
However, it is also important to understand as an online dater to engage on real accounts. There
are many individuals on online dating sites with very differing images, which do not reflect who
they are in real life. This promotes the idea that every individual who participates in online dating
has their objectives and goals thus it is to the individuals to ensure that the developed strategies
are effective and thus not falling into traps by common dealers within a given online dating site
(Ellison et.al, 2006).
Online dating is most common in the United States among single individuals who are
seeking connections. Even though there are major limitations that are preventing the online dating
from replacing tradition methods that were employed during courtship. Online dating has
presented a unique venture to individuals, as it is the most relevant courtship method where there
is a lot of time to choose the best partner. Online dating promotes self-esteem to individuals who
may not be able to have the courage to start a relationship (Gibbs et.al, 2010).
Therefore, online dating encompassed important aspects that need to be effectively
identified and addressed to develop a better research project that the research study can depend on
upon when making significant decisions regarding the study topic. It is important to incorporate
important strategies while opting for online dating. Profile development is the most important part
that an online dating individual invests in even though there are several cases where individuals
lie about their personal information of their profiles but it depends on with what they hope to
achieve by participating in online dating sites. Older age individuals as discussed tend to be more
serious with online dating since they hope to establish a better relationship, which can be very
beneficial in the end.
Ellison, N., Heino, R., & Gibbs, J. (2006). Managing impressions online: Self‐presentation
processes in the online dating environment. Journal of Computer‐Mediated
Communication, 11 (2), 415-441.
Gibbs, J. L., Ellison, N. B., & Lai, C. H. (2010). First comes love, then comes Google: An
investigation of uncertainty reduction strategies and self-disclosure in online dating.
Communication Research, 0093650210377091.
Stephure, R. J., Boon, S. D., MacKinnon, S. L., & Deveau, V. L. (2009). Internet initiated
relationships: Associations between age and involvement in online dating. Journal of
Computer‐Mediated Communication, 14 (3), 658-681.
Toma, C. L., Hancock, J. T., & Ellison, N. B. (2008). Separating fact from fiction: An
examination of deceptive self-presentation in online dating profiles. Personality and
Social Psychology Bulletin, 34 (8), 1023-1036.
Valkenburg, P. M., & Peter, J. (2007). Who visits online dating sites? Exploring some
characteristics of online daters. CyberPsychology & Behavior , 10 (6), 849-852.
Running head: MORE THAN STANDARDIZED TESTS
MORE than Standardized Tests
MORE THAN STANDARDIZED TESTS
MORE Than Standardized Tests
Brittany, an honors student in Atlanta, Georgia, had worked hard her entire academic
career to celebrate what would be her proudest moment in high school: commencement. She
wanted to walk across the stage to the flash of cameras and smiles of her family just like her
classmates, and then journey off to a college in South Carolina where she had already been
accepted. So she gathered her proud family members from Chicago and Washington, D.C., to
come to share in her joy. Brittany watched as her classmates put on their caps and gowns, and
walked across the stage to receive their diplomas. But she did not; she waited all during the day
to get a last-minute waiver signed. She continued to wait through the night, but it never came.
She began to realize that if she graduated, it would not be quick or easy. Her problem was that
she had not passed one of four subject areas in the state’s graduation test, which students must
pass to earn a regular diploma. She is not alone. Thousands of students, such as Brittany, every
year do not make it across the stage at graduation due to failing these state tests. And many of
them, such as Brittany, were honors students who had fulfilled all the other requirements of
graduation except this one (Torres, 2010).
Stories such as this one are far too common and should not happen, and we have the
power to change the status quo, so that no student should have to follow the same path as
Brittany. This problem can be solved, though like Brittany’s case, it will be neither quick nor
The purpose of this proposal on replacing standardized tests with end-of-year subject
tests is to convince readers that changing assessments in education will improve education, and a
strong educational system will result in several positive outcomes. The problems and their
outcomes as well as the solution are the result of thorough research on these tests. Though I am a
MORE THAN STANDARDIZED TESTS
novice scholar, I will include several sources that will establish my credibility regarding
standardized tests. The ideas of Hillocks (2002), McNeil and Valenzuela (2001), and Ravitch
(2011), who are all experts on this topic, will help to establish my credibility.
Everyone is affected by the strength of our educational system, from the students and
their ability to succeed in college and in the workplace, to the employers who hire them—and
everyone in between. Every taxpayer is a stakeholder in education, because these tests are paid
for by tax dollars, and the return on investment in education is not where it should be.
Standardized tests should be abolished and replaced with end-of-year subject tests because they
will save time and money, lead to increased mastery of core subjects, and diminish dropout rates.
This problem resulted on the one hand from national concern with global competition.
When Sputnik rose into the sky in 1957 and Americans were concerned that Russians were
outgunning us in the Space Race, millions of dollars were poured into math and science
programs to bolster teaching and resultant learning in these subjects. The 1965 Elementary and
Secondary Education Act helped to fund these efforts. Confidence in our educational system was
renewed when Americans set foot on the moon in 1969, but by 1983, it had eroded. Its quality so
alarmed the government that its 1983 report, A Nation at Risk, warned that a “rising tide of
mediocrity” would undermine this country’s place in the competitive 20th century (as cited in
Zhao, 2006, p. 28). By 2001, the Bush administration authorized the No Child Left Behind
(NCLB) Act, which began in 2002 and runs parallel in thinking and intent to the Race to the Top
(RTT) initiative, started under the Obama administration in 2009. NCLB mandated high-stakes
tests for all states and imposed a carrots-and-sticks strategy of rewards and punishments if test
scores were not consistently high. The thinking is that students and teachers will work and learn
MORE THAN STANDARDIZED TESTS
more if there are serious rewards or punishments; teachers get financial rewards and schools are
lauded by the media if they do well, but teachers face termination, schools face closures, and
students are retained or not allowed to graduate if they do poorly (Nichols, Glass, & Berliner,
2012). Furthermore, it is thought that tests help produce a world-class education by encouraging
students to reach their full potential, improving our collective productivity, and reestablishing
our competitiveness on a global scale (Madaus & Russell, 2010).
Another cause of the problem is that these tests are poorly designed and don’t measure
what they should. The NCLB legislation from the Bush administration promised that all children
would be held to the same high standards in core subjects such as math and reading, and school
districts would get funding from the government to force children to take these tests; if schools
did poorly and failed to show annual progress, they would be slapped with improvement plans
and further sanctions. Schools should be held accountable to—and raise expectations and
standards for—all students, and the resultant improvement would benefit everyone. So it’s
logical to conclude that these tests, after being in place since 2002, would improve math and
reading test scores, certainly allowing fewer students into remedial college courses. If these tests
improved complex skills in math and reading, students would not have to take remediation
courses in college at the same rates, but this is not the case, according to Ravitch (2011):
improved scores on standardized tests does not translate into the kind of proficiency needed even
for first year college courses. Students are still tak ...
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