Becoming a professional in the field of early childhood education requires you to become familiar with the various developmental theories as well as research that studies the effectiveness of various learning approaches. Throughout the last two weeks, you have learned about these different theories and approaches to learning. After engaging in discussions with your classmates, you now have ideas about which theories and approaches you would like to use in your work with children. Using the steps below, you will sort through these theories and approaches to shape who you are as a teacher and what you believe about how children learn best. This assignment will also help you prepare for your final assignment.
Step 1: Reflect back on your initial response in the “Aspects of Theories” discussion from Week Two and the "Learning Approaches" discussion from this week.
Using the theories and approaches that were discussed, fill in the table below by ranking each according to how you connected with them ("most connected" at the top and "least connected" at the bottom). Be sure to delete the example row provided.
Theorists/Theories – Most connected to least connected
Learning Approaches – Most connected to least connected
Ex: 1. Piaget – Theory of Cognitive Development
Ex: 1. High Scope
1.Piaget: Theory of Cognitive Development
2.Vygotsky: Sociocultural Theory of Development
3.Gardner: Theory of Multiple Intelligences
4.Skinner: Operant Conditioning Theory
5.Bandura: Social Learning Theory
6.Freud: Psychosexual Theory of Development
7.Erikson: Theory of Psychosocial Development
8.Kohlberg: Theory of Moral Development
Step 2: Using the table as a guide, research your top two theories and top two learning approaches. You will create a Power Point presentation that contains your responses to the points below as they are applied to each of your top two theories and top two learning approaches.
Summarize the underlying principles or ideas for this theory/approach.
Explain why this theory/approach is important to understand and how it will benefit your work with children.
Discuss how this theory/approach will help you to be an effective teacher.
Explain why this theory/approach is ranked at the top of your list.
Summarize the similarities you see between the theory and model of those you ranked first. For example, if Piaget’s theory of cognitive development was your top theory and the Reggio Emilia approach was your top learning approach, share how these two ideas support one another.
Part two have to be in a power point. No copying please