Human Resource Management Concepts and Contexts

Humanities

UoM

Question Description

Word Limit: 3000 words

Assignments should be word processed: 12pt font size, with 1.5 or double line spacing


Answer ONE of the following questions:

1. Critically discuss the argument that the concept of Human Resource or Human Capital is more than the knowledge, skills, and abilities possessed by a person. Use minimum of 15 references as well as examples to illustrate your points.

2. Experts recommend that organizations should integrate their organizational strategies with their human resource strategies. Critically discuss how this can be achieved and the challenges associated with this notion of integration. Use minimum of 15 references as well as examples to illustrate your points.

3. Diversity of the workforce can be a blessing but most often it is a nightmare to organizations. Critically discuss why this is so. Use minimum of 15 references as well as examples to illustrate your points.

4. Standardization, centralization and formalization are key elements of organisational structure. Critically discuss how these three elements of organizational structure can influence HR policy and practice pertaining to Recruitment and Selection, Training and Development, Performance Management, and Reward Management. Use minimum of 15 references as well as examples to illustrate your points.

5. There is divergence and convergence of Human Resource practices across organizations and across countries. Discuss. Use minimum of 15 references as well as examples to illustrate your points.


***For more requirements, please look at the PDF file I uploaded below.

***For the References, you must ensure that you follow the Harvard Referencing system consistently. It is suggested that a minimum of 15 academic references are used throughout this essay.

a)Supported by relevant academic theory.

b)Minimum of 15 references

c)References should from the past 2-3 years.

d)Full listing of these references should be presented, using Harvard Manchester referencing style at the end of the essay.

e)Use electronic resources (databases and e-journals) available via google scholar.

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The University of Manchester GDI 70191 HRM CONCEPTS AND CONTEXTS 2020/2021 ASSIGNMENT Word Limit: 3000 words Weighting: 100% Submission date: ….. (Submit online via Blackboard) Assignments should be word processed: 12pt font size, with 1.5 or double line spacing WARNING: • The University has a strict policy on plagiarism. Unacknowledged copying of another person's work will result in the automatic failure of the assignment and may lead to disciplinary action being taken against the study fellow. Your answer must be fully referenced where appropriate. For guidance on how to make sure you avoid plagiarism and other forms of academic malpractice, please consult your handbook, section 4.8. -------------------------------Assignment Answer ONE of the following questions: 1. Critically discuss the argument that the concept of Human Resource or Human Capital is more than the knowledge, skills, and abilities possessed by a person. Use minimum of 15 references as well as examples to illustrate your points. Introduction (20%) Use the literature on Human capital to introduce the argument that Human Resource is the most important asset to the organization. Explain your own understanding of the argument. Highlight the extent to which you agree or disagree with the argument. Main Body of the essay (70%) • • • • • • • • Critically discuss the key elements of Human Resource/Human Capital (i.e. Knowledge, Skills, and Ability). Critically discuss the argument that the key elements are inadequate to predict the behaviour of those who possess them. Critically discuss how work-related values can complement the traditional definition of human resource/human capital. Ensure that your discussion is supported by specific examples (real or hypothetical examples) Ensure that your discussion is supported by literature Use minimum of 15 references; 70% from academic journal articles Do not use case study Do not provide a specific section on literature review Conclusion (10%) • Summarise your discussion • Provide your own point of view regarding the concept of Human Resource. 2. Experts recommend that organizations should integrate their organizational strategies with their human resource strategies. Critically discuss how this can be achieved and the challenges associated with this notion of integration. Use minimum of 15 references as well as examples to illustrate your points. Introduction (20%) Discuss the significance of human resource management in implementing business strategy. Main Body of the essay (70%) • Critically discuss the concept of vertical integration in HRM • Critically discuss the necessity of vertical integration in HRM • Choose a specific business strategy and explain how it can be achieved and challenges associated with vertical integration of any of the human resource functional areas (e.g. Recruitment & Selection; Training and Development, Reward Management) • Ensure that your discussion is supported by specific examples (real or hypothetical examples) • Ensure that your discussion is supported by literature • Use minimum of 15 references; 70% from academic journal articles • Do not write a case study only examples • Do not provide a specific section on literature review Conclusion (10%) • Summarise your discussion Provide your own point of view regarding the concept of vertical integration. 3. Diversity of the workforce can be a blessing but most often it is a nightmare to organizations. Critically discuss why this is so and how it can be mitigated. Use minimum of 15 references as well as examples to illustrate your points. Introduction (20%) Discuss and acknowledge the growing diversity in the workplace. Highlight the types of diversity in the workplace. Highlight the importance of managing diversity broadly. Main Body of the essay (70%) • Critically discuss the idea of managing diversity and equal opportunity • Critically discuss the benefits and limitations of diversity in organization • Critically discuss how human resource functional areas (e.g. recruitment and selection; Training and Development, Performance Management, Reward Management) can enable organizations benefit from diversity in organizations (This should be 60% of the main body) • Ensure that your discussion is supported by specific examples (real or hypothetical examples) • Ensure that your discussion is supported by literature • Use minimum of 15 references; 70% from academic journal articles • Do not write a case study only examples • Do not provide a specific section on literature review Conclusion (10%) • Summarise your discussion • Provide your own point of view regarding the benefits and limitations of diversity. 4. Standardization, centralization and formalization are key elements of organisational structure. Critically discuss how these three elements of organizational structure can influence HR policy and practice pertaining to Recruitment and Selection, Training and Development, Performance Management, and Reward Management. Use minimum of 15 references as well as examples to illustrate your points. Introduction (20%) Describe the significance of organizational structure and its relationship to HRM. Highlight the key elements of Organizational structure. Main Body of the essay (70%) • Critically discuss the concept of organizational structure and its relationship to HRM • Critically discuss how the key elements of organizational structure influence HR policies and practice • Demonstrate how specific human resource functional areas (e.g. Recruitment & Selection; Training and Development, Performance • • • • • Management, Reward Management) are influence by the key elements of organizational structure ((This should be 60% of the main body) Ensure that your discussion is supported by specific examples (real or hypothetical examples) Ensure that your discussion is supported by literature Use minimum of 15 references; 70% from academic journal articles Do not write a case study only examples Do not provide a specific section on literature review Conclusion (10%) • Summarise your discussion • Provide your own point of view regarding the influence of organizational structure on HR policies and practice. 5. There is divergence and convergence of Human Resource practices across organizations and across countries. Discuss. Use minimum of 15 references as well as examples to illustrate your points. Introduction (20%) Describe the argument that HRM policies and practices vary across organizations. Summarise the academic reasons for the variations. Main Body of the essay (70%) • Critically discuss the concept of Universalist and Particularistic perspectives of Management and HRM • Critically discuss inadequacy of business strategy in explaining variations in Human resource practice across organizations and societies. • Discuss how institutional and cultural factors provide further explanation to the variations. • Ensure that your discussion is supported by specific examples (real or hypothetical examples) • Ensure that your discussion is supported by literature • Use minimum of 15 references; 70% from academic journal articles • Do not write a case study only examples • Do not provide a specific section on literature review Conclusion (10%) • Summarise your discussion • Provide your own point of view regarding Universalist and Particularistic perspectives Appendix 3 – Harvard Style Guide for References Richard Heeks GDI, University of Manchester, 2014 Glossary · Citation: the author+date item that appears in your text. · References: the full details of all items you have cited in your text. · Bibliography: other items you have used/read but not cited. General Example … … Hartman (2008), in her seminal study on urban regeneration, found no evidence to support the role of charitable donations. However, Okuda (1998:224) concludes that "donations can have some positive impact if the donors are involved throughout the project's history". The present fieldwork indicated support for the latter viewpoint from the Bamako project (Toure 2012). … … . . Reference List . Hartman, P.V. (2008) 'Urban regeneration in the Third World', Regeneration Today, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 23-45. . . Okuda, Z. (1998) Charities, Donors and Projects, Penguin, London. . . Toure, S. (2012) Personal interview with author, Ministry of Irrigation, Bamako, Mali, 14 Nov. . Citations in Your Text · Author: …Jameson (2012) first explained that… · Two/three authors: …Rasmussen and Phillips (2013) make the point also noted by Versing, Tatler and Mardy (2008) that… · More than three authors – use et al: …it was found by Rasmussen et al. (1998) that… · More than one item by same author in same year – use lettering: … (Jameson 2004a). … (Jameson 2004b) · Quote – use page number wherever possible: … "making information systems harder to develop" (Heeks 2011: 45). 76 · Multiple citations in a list – using date order: … (Zifcak 2009; Aucoin 2011; Boston et al. 2013). · Organisational authorship: …for the revised policy document (Dept. of Internal Affairs 2011). · Web site – cite as for author/organisation rules; do not put just the Web address. · Secondary references: …Jones (2005 cited in Tomas & Rayus 2009) states…: note include both items in the reference list. · No author – for newspaper or magazine – use name of newspaper/magazine: … (The Economist 2010). · No author – use the title of the work … budgetary mechanisms have failed (Beating the budget blues 1999). Other notes: - Citations at end of sentences should appear inside the full stop. Reference List Arrange in alphabetical order of author surname. Book: Author/Editor surname, initials. (Year) Book Title, Publisher, Place of publication. · Hogan, J.F. (2013) Urban Profiling in Developing Countries, Harper, New York. Two authors (note edition): First author surname, initials. & Second author surname, initials. Rest as per normal. · Link, C.J. & MacLean, P. (2008) Rapid Rural Appraisal, 3rd edn, Polity Press, London. Many authors: Don't use et al in reference list. · Sheridan, M.C., Jacobs, C., Thomas, A. & Raward, S. (2012) The Government Management Primer, Oxford University Press, Oxford. Edited book: Put (ed) or (eds) after name: · Heeks, R.B. & Jones, G. (eds) (2009) ICTs in High Mountain Regions, Routledge, London. Chapter in book/proceedings: Author name(s). (Year) 'Chapter title', in Book Title, eds Editors names, Publisher, Place of publication, Page numbers. · Walsham, G. (2002) 'Centralisation of data processing', in Social Implications of IT, S. Bhatnagar & M. Odedra (eds), McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, pp. 134-51. 77 Journal article: Author surname, initials. (Year) 'Title of article', Title of Journal, Vol. no.(Part/issue no.): Page numbers. · Wittmer, P. (2007) 'Project control under the microscope', Journal of International Development, (23)5: 124-32. Newspaper article: Author surname, initials. (Year) 'Title of article', Title of Newspaper [place], Date, Page number(s). · Kennedy, C. (1999) 'China feels the heat of Clinton campaign', The Guardian [London], 13 Dec., p. 12. Item with no author: Item title. (Year) then book publisher/journal location details as per normal. · Beating the budget blues. (2006) People Management, 21(14): 6. Organisational document: Organisation name. (Year) Title of Document, Organisation name again, place of publication. · UKCVO (2011) Best Practice for NGOs, UK Council for Voluntary Organisations, London. Government document: Name of government department. (Year) Title of Document. Government printer/publisher (or originating department), Place of publication. · Ministry of Rural Development. (2007) Rural Infrastructure Projects, Indian Government Stationery Office, New Delhi, India. · CIA (2012) Update Assessment on Iraq, Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, DC. Conference paper: Author details. (Year) 'Title of paper', paper presented at Title of conference, Place and date of conference. · Nichols, J.R. (2011) 'Patterns of NGO development', paper presented at the Development Studies Association annual conference, University of York, UK, 1922 September. Handouts: Lecturer's name. (Year) Title of Handout, Course unit title handout, Department, University, Place, Date of issue. · Heeks, R.B. (2012) Information in Organisations. Fundamentals of Information and Information Systems course unit handout, GDI, University of Manchester, Manchester, 8 Oct. Interview: Interviewee's name. (Year) Personal interview, Place and date of interview. · Teller, J. (2006) Personal interview, Ibadan, Nigeria, 12 July. 78 Email message: Author details. (Year) Message title, Email to whom [Online], Date sent, Available: Email: email address of recipient [date accessed] · Nicholson, B. (2012) Re: Indian software industry, Email to R. Heeks [Online], 13 Oct., Available: Email: richard.heeks@manchester.ac.uk [Accessed: 14 October 2012] Web page/document: Author details. (Year) Page title/heading, Publisher/organisation [Online], Available: URL [date accessed] · Bradstock, T. (2006) Egypt Online Network, Manchester College of Technology [Online], Available: http://www.mct.ac.uk/cfs/egypt.html [Accessed: 14 September 2014] Notes: if no author is apparent, use organisation name or page title; if publication date is not clear put (n.d.) Foreign language document: Use relevant reference format given above, all translated into English, then give the original language title in brackets after the translated title. E.g. · Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2013) Software Production and Trade in Latin America [Producción y Comercio de Software en América Latina], Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Buenos Aires, Argentina Notes: - What matters most is a) that the reader could locate any item in your reference list; b) that you are consistent: i.e. that you do all similar items the same way. - Acceptable variations include: a) putting place of publication before publisher for books (e.g. … Chichester, UK: John Wiley); b) not putting year in brackets; c) doing journal article details like this: …vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 124-32. - The University provides a more-detailed Harvard style guide, which uses slightly different variations on the above http://subjects.library.manchester.ac.uk/referencing-harvard - either be consistent with the guide above or be consistent with the University guide; both are fine but don’t “mix and match”. 79 ...
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