SS 3375 Troy University Concept of Social Research Discussion

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SS 3375

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According to Babbie:

PART 1

Chapter 1

1-What is a social pattern? Why is this concept crucial in social research? Give concrete examples from the book and beyond.

Chapter 2

2-What is theory? What is deductive theory? What is inductive theory? Is one better than the other? Give concrete examples from the book and beyond.

Chapter 3

3-Why should research be ethical? Give examples of norms to which researchers must conform. Give examples of unethical research from the text and beyond.

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Explanation & Answer

Attached. Please let me know if you have any questions or need revisions.

PART 1
Chapter 1
1-What is a social pattern? Why is this concept crucial in social research? Give concrete
examples from the book and beyond.
According to Babbie (2002), social patterns are “the collective actions and situations of
many individuals” that occur repeatedly. A scientific understanding of society must have
logic meaning that it must make sense and it also must have empirical support which
means that it must correspond with observations. Babbie explains that it may seem that
regularities govern more of the e physical sciences rather than social science, for
example a rock or an object falls to the ground whenever it is dropped but a person can
vote for one candidate in an election then vote against the very same candidate in the
next election.
However, there are three undermining factors to these regularities; the first is that some
of the patterns may seem trivial. Another is the presence of exceptions which can
disprove the patterns observed, although patterns can still exist even with these
exceptions. Finally interference, though very rare, can overthrow a social regularity.
Our knowledge comes from the culture we share with others which is why social
patterns are extremely important in social research since they help to understand why
things happen. Social patterns are crucial in social research because they provide
reliable evidence of structured behaviors through the collection of large data. This
evidence is enough to form a theory for social research as long as it is logical. This
helps to form a better understanding of why things happen the way they do in society.
These patterns also help to predict patterns and form a future direction for the research
as well. Rather than studying the individuals themselves, social scientists seek to
understand the motivations behind their actions. Their aim is to understand why
patterns are so regular even when the individuals behind them change. Understanding
the system in which people operate may help them to be able to predict pattern trends
and to form concrete direction in which their research is headed.

Chapter 2
2-What is theory? What is deductive theory? What is inductive theory? Is one better
than the other? Give concrete examples from the book and beyond.

A theory is a framework used to explain observations from the aspects of life for
example Juvenile delenquency (Babbie 2012). Theories are used to prevent flukes,
provide logical information, make sense of the observed patterns and shape the
direction of the research. However, social science uses paradigms which are models
through which the world is observed and understood.
Inductive theory is a model whereby general principals are developed from specific
observations while deductive theory is wher...


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