MGT 675 SEU Impact of The Work Environment on Employee Productivity Project

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SAUDI ELECTRONIC UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND FINANCIAL SCIENCES Postgraduate Thesis Manual (For Students and Supervisors) 2020 [Copyright@ Saudi Electronic University] 1. Plagiarism Policy Regarding Plagiarism, please note the following: o Student shall submit the report online after Supervisor’s approval. o Supervisor will check the work for possible plagiarism. o If the report is acceptable the Anti-plagiarism report shall be generated, which would be verified and approved that the plagiarism index 25%, the supervisor is requested to submit the work to the college research committee for review. o If the college research committee deemed the work to be extensively plagiarized and violates the University’s ethical rules and regulations, the committee may recommend the termination of the project and fail the student in the course. No other chance will be given to the students who are found to be plagiarizing. 2. Formatting of the Project Report Note: The approved thesis template contains all the settings as per the following guidelines. You need to simply place your text without changing the format. However for your reference, the same guidelines are discussed below: a. Length, Spacing and Font Size The Research Project will be ideally between 60 to 80 pages; Times New Roman 1.5 line spacing and a standard font size of 12 point size. It should be used for the text and front matter materials except for the title page, chapter headings and tables where different line spacing and fonts may be used. The print quality should be dark and clean. b. Margins The margins throughout the report or manuscript should be at least 25mm or 1 inch on the right, top and bottom. The left hand margin must be set to 1.2 inches to allow for binding. See template also. c. Numbers and Percentages Numbers in texts should be written in “Arabic numbers”. For instance, chapter 1, chapter 3 table 2.1 or figure 4.1. d. Version of English The department recommends the use of US English language. If the candidate is using a spellcheck facility he/she should ensure that it is set to “US English”. This is very important because a number of words are spelt quite differently in US English. e. Research Project/Thesis Contents Students are expected to compile their proposals to follow the format shown below: Preliminary pages:  Title page Required  Declaration Certificate  Acknowledgement (Optional)  Table of contents  List of tables  List of figures Required  Abstract The text  Chapter One: Introduction  Chapter Two: Literature review  Chapter Three: Methodology  Chapter Four: Analysis and Results  Chapter Five: Discussion and Conclusion  References  Bibliography  Appendices The discussion on what to include within each heading, section and sub-section along with an example is mentioned in the approved thesis template. Further, you can consult your supervisor for any clarification on formatting of your project. 3. Evaluation The Project will be graded through a comprehensive assessment rubric. To learn about the criteria of evaluation, you can review the rubric at annexure- 1. Therefore, the project will be evaluated on the basis of quality of project work and its presentation given by the student in front of a committee consisting of two members between specified dates. 1) Project Supervisor 2) Supervisors’ Coordinator RESEARCH PROJECT PROPOSAL On INSERT PROJECT TITLE HERE By [Your Full Name Here] Enrolment No. xxxxxxx [Insert Degree Name] [Insert Department Name] [Insert Name of College] [Insert Course Code: xxxxx] [Insert Branch Name] Date of Submission: DD MM 20YY Supervisor Name: Dr. Xxx Xxxxxxx Xxxxx Saudi Electronic University 1. Background Please write here a short background of the study. Preferably it should be a half page or to the maximum of one page description only. Be short and crisp. Background information identifies and describes the history and nature of a well-defined research problem with reference to the existing literature. Background information should indicate the root of the problem being studied, its scope, and the extent to which previous studies have successfully investigated the problem, noting, in particular, where gaps exist that your study attempts to address. Please refer to the approved thesis template or consult your supervisor in case you require further clarification of the contents of any of the heading within the proposal template. 2. Statement of the problem Write here a short statement of your research problem. A research problem, in general, refers to some difficulty which a researcher experiences in the context of either a theoretical or practical situation and wants to obtain a solution for the same. A statement of the problem is used in research work as a claim that outlines the problem addressed by a study. A good research problem should address an existing gap in knowledge in the field and lead to further research. The problem statement will look different depending on whether you’re dealing with a practical real-world problem or a theoretical scientific issue. But all problem statements follow a similar process. 3. Literature Review A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, providing a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works. Literature reviews are designed to provide an overview of sources you have explored while researching a particular topic and to demonstrate to your readers how your research fits into the larger field of study. Please refer to the approved thesis template in case you require further clarification of its content. Write here only a short description of major studies done in your field. Need not to be lengthy. Just a one page description will suffice. 4. Project Objectives Please state the objectives of your project here. You need to only specify the objectives here. The objectives should be specific statements that define measurable outcomes, e.g. what steps will be taken to achieve the desired outcome. A project objective describes the desired results of a project, SAUDI ELECTRONIC UNIVERSITY 1 which often includes a tangible item. An objective is specific and measurable, and must meet time, budget, and quality constraints. 5. Target Population (Sampling Technique and Sample Size) The target population is the total group of individuals from which the sample might be drawn. A sample is the group of people who take part in the investigation. The target population is the total group of individuals from which the sample might be drawn. A sample is the group of people who take part in the investigation. The people who take part are referred to as “participants”. Please provide a description of your target population. Also indicate your expected sample size as well as what type of sampling will be used and why. 6. Data Collection Approach Data collection is a process of collecting information from all the relevant sources to find answers to the research problem, test the hypothesis and evaluate the outcomes. Data collection methods can be divided into two categories: secondary methods of data collection and primary methods of data collection. You need to write here the types of data you will be using and also how you collected those sources of data. 7. Data Analysis Provide a short description of how you will analyze the collected data. What are all the statistical tools you will be using for analysis and also mention the expected use of different types of statistical soft wares that will be used for interpreting the data. Example, data will be presented using table, figures, graphs, pie & charts. All results will be logically arranged so as to correspond to each research objectives indicated in the report. Illustrations will provide a simple summation of data in a clear & concise manner. 8. Potential Scope of the Project You need to mention here how the outcome of your study will be useful to different kinds of readers. For example how the outcome will be used by other researchers For example, you need to mention here how your study outcome will be used by other researchers and also how it can be used by managers, practitioners, companies or other stakeholders. Please be short and crisp. SAUDI ELECTRONIC UNIVERSITY 2 9. Project Implementation Plan Indicate in the form of a Gantt chart, the expected project start date, the duration of some important phases/activities and also indicate the tentative project end date and total duration of the project. Please refer to the approved thesis template in case you require further clarification of its content. Time Frame (Gantt-Chart) Activities Duration (Days) June Time ( Month) July Time ( Month) Proposal Literature Review Data collection Report writing Submission of final Report SAUDI ELECTRONIC UNIVERSITY 3 References 1. Fischlmayr, I. C., & Kollinger, I. (2010). Work-life balance–a neglected issue among Austrian female expatriates. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 21(4), 455-487. 2. SAUDI ELECTRONIC UNIVERSITY 4 PUT HERE THE FULL TITLE OF YOUR THESIS. THESIS TITLE Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of the Degree of MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BY PUT YOUR NAME HERE Under Supervision Supervisors Name COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND FINANCIAL SCIENCES SAUDI ELECTRONIC UNIVERSITY 2020 Declaration Certificate The work entitled, ‘‘Put Your Title of Thesis Here’’, embodies the results of the original research work carried out by me in the College of Administrative and Financial Sciences, Department of Business Administration Saudi Electronic University. This research work has not been submitted in part or full for the award of any other degree at SEU or any other university. Date: - ______________________ Place: - ______________________ (Signature) (Full Name of the Candidate) Acknowledgement (Optional) The acknowledgement for thesis is the section where you thank all people, institutions, and companies that helped you complete the project successfully. It is similar to a dedication, except for the fact that it is formal. TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1. Introduction 1.1 General Introduction 1.2 Research Questions 1.3 Research Objectives 1.4 Significance of the Study 1.4.1 Managerial Relevance 1.4.2 Scientific Implications Chapter 2. Literature Review 2.1 Heading 1 2.1.1 Sub Heading 1 2.1.2 Sub Heading 2 2.2 Heading 2 2.2.1 Sub Heading 1 2.2.2 Sub Heading 2 2.2.2.1 Sub-Sub Heading 1 2.3 Heading 3 2.3.1 Sub Heading 1 2.6 Hypotheses Chapter 3. Methodology 3.1 Research Approach 3.2 Research Design Chapter 4. Analysis and Results 4.1.1. Sub Heading 1 4.1.2 Sub Heading 2 4.2 Heading 1 Chapter 5. Discussion and Conclusion 5.1 Discussion 5.2 Conclusion 5.3 Managerial Relevance 5.4 Scientific Implications 5.4 Limitations and Scope for Future Research References Appendices Bibliography Page No. (from-to) Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. Page No. LIST OF TABLES Table (2.2.1.1) Title of Table Here ………………………………..……... Page No. Table (3.2) Table (4.1) Table (4.2) Title of Table Here …………………………………… Title of Table Here ……………………………………… Title of Table Here ……………………………………… Page No. Page No. Page No. LIST OF FIGURES Figure (4.2.1) Title of Figure Here……………………………… Page No. Figure ( ) Title of Figure Here……………………………… Page No. Figure ( ) Title of Figure Here……………………………… Page No. Figure ( ) Title of Figure Here……………………………… Page No. Figure ( ) Title of Figure Here……………………………… Page No. Abstract Background: - Summarize the latest knowledge on the issue by presenting a statistic, or a trend and explain why your topic is important to study. What is need or rationale of choosing your field of research? Purpose:-What did you want to find out? Present here the statements of your research questions. What was your research focused on? Research Design and Methodology: – How did you go about finding it? Which research design you chose and why? What methodology did you use to address the research problem? Provide crisp description of how and when outcomes were measured, including any questionnaire/instruments used, when and how the data was collected, and which statistical methods were used to analyze data and why. Findings: – What did you find? What data or outcomes did you observe? What trend or relation between the variables you established. Practical Implications: – Briefly describe how your research findings can be used for policy, practice, or theory building in your field. Nevertheless, you must state how your findings can be important for managers and other practitioners in the industry/corporate world. Originality/Value – What new or novel knowledge your research contributed to the scholarly or practitioner world. Limitations and Future Research Directions: -What were the main limitations or constraints that affected your study? Whether these limitations are expected or not, and whether they are due to research design or due to methodology or of any stage of your study. Example; there can be issues with sample size and selection, time constraints or limitations can arise due to absence of previous studies in the field etc. Further, you must state here the scope for future research in your studied topic. Based on the results of your study, you may state the impact that your research outcome might have on future research or policy decision or the relevant field of interest of your study. Help the researchers by describing how your findings can be further advanced. CHAPTER 1 Page |1 INTRODUCTION 1.1. General Introduction We, human beings, are continuously evolving as indispensable thinking creatures of the universe. The man has come a very long way and has rightly made great strides in almost every conceivable field of achievement. Scientific breakthroughs and technological advancements have enhanced our confidence in understanding or even conquering the nature at large. The man is regarded to be in the midst of best of times, the world have ever witnessed. Some fifty years back, no one could have imagined the level of the technological feat or the extent of global integration of countries which we are experiencing now. Considering the increasing share of emerging economies in the global growth, there have been substantial improvements in enriching the lives of millions of people around the globe. 1.2. Research Questions The research questions is one of the most important parts of your research project, thesis or dissertation. It’s important to spend some time assessing and refining your question before you get started. The exact form of your question will depend on the length of your project, the type of research, the topic, and the research problem. But all research questions should be focused, specific, appropriately complex, and relevant to a social or scholarly issue. The research questions for this study are: 1) What are the skills & resources required for the success of social enterprises & what are those skills where the enterprise can invest in? 2) What are the input factors for implementing the social enterprise evaluation process? 1.3. Research Objectives Formulating research objectives in an appropriate manner is one of the most important aspects of your thesis. This is because research aim and objectives determine the scope, depth and the overall direction of the research. Research question is the central question of the study that has to be answered on the basis of research findings. The objectives of a sample thesis are given under: Hence, the research, “Title of your research’’ has been formulated with the following primary objective: 1) To get a deeper understanding of the critical success factors of social enterprises operating in different social settings in India in terms of their influence in social entrepreneurship success. Page |2 Depending upon the nature of your study, you can divide the main objective into sub-objectives also. However, this is optional. You can have only main objective or you can divide it into the required number of sub-objectives depending upon the nature of your study. For example, the above mentioned main objective can be divided into following sub-objectives. Thus, in accordance with the above-mentioned primary objective, the study was acknowledged with the set of following set of sub-objectives in order to conduct the research in a more comprehensive way: ✓ To determine the importance and criticality of individual-level factors of leadership, entrepreneurship orientation, networking, business planning skills and their constituent attributes in social enterprise success. ✓ To determine the importance and criticality of organizational-level factors of innovative financing, triple bottom line planning, social enterprise marketing, community engagement, organizational culture, social impact evaluation, frugal innovation, human capital and their constituent attributes in social enterprise success. ✓ To determine the importance and criticality of institutional-level factors of Government support and its constituent attributes in social enterprise success. 1.4. Significance of the Study It provides details to the reader on how the study will contribute such as what the study will contribute and who will benefit from it. It also includes an explanation of the work's importance as well as its potential benefits. For example the above mentioned example, the significance can be written in the following way The research makes important contributions to existing literature on the critical factors determining the success of social enterprises from both managerial and academic point of view: 1.4.1. Managerial Relevance The findings of this thesis are of great concern from the managerial point of view as it identifies and analyses the various factors that have a critical role in determining the success of social enterprises. It is also holding immense importance with respect to the social entrepreneurship practitioners, as they can take the strategic decision of the enterprises based upon the knowledge of these factors. 1.4.2. Scientific Relevance Page |3 Social entrepreneurship is still considered to be in its budding phase and thus lacks a consolidated foundation and conceptual clarity. The field is having fragmented literature and there is the lack of consensus regarding the framework and theory of social entrepreneurship. While social entrepreneurship remains an underdeveloped field of thought and knowledge, the theories concerning the creation, management, and performance of social enterprises are yet to be crafted. The literature available on the social enterprises is very scant and nothing has been contributed in the way of developing a coherent picture of critical success factors in these enterprises. Page |4 CHAPTER 2 Page |5 REVIEW OF LITERATURE 2. In this chapter all the literature available on the different approaches to the concept of your research is explicitly reviewed. Here you can write the outline or plan of your review like in how many sections and what you are discussing in each section. 2.1. Sample Main Heading Social entrepreneurship in common parlance refers to entrepreneurial activity with an embedded social purpose. Although, entrepreneurial activities with a social concern can be traced back in the history but the social entrepreneurship as an innovative model for social problem solving has recently emerged (Robinson et al., 2009; Mair & Marti, 2006; Peredo & McLean, 2006; Dees et al., 2002; Chell, 2007). Thus, social entrepreneurship mainly stands for endeavors which primarily focus over social value creation and thus social mission remains central to every social entrepreneurship activity. The social entrepreneurship has become a global phenomenon, impacting societies by catalyzing social transformations for societal wellbeing. The phenomenon mainly addresses the basic needs of human society which were neglected in the race for mainstream development. As such, the phenomenon can occur in any society and often such local social entrepreneurship initiatives have the potential for scale up and replication at the global level. E-g: Microfinance of Bangladesh. 2.1.1. Sub Heading Sample You can put any sub heading as per the nature of your study. For-example, for the sample study which was mentioned in chapter 1, the subheading is discussed as follows. According to Margolis & Walsh, (2003) ‘‘the world cries out for repair and social entrepreneurs are called upon to play a central role in fighting against deep-seated problems of human misery’’. Consequently, social entrepreneurship as a phenomenon is eliciting profound interest among the elites as well. Successful business men who have earned substantially in the past are now dedicating significant resources to support social entrepreneurship. For instance, the world’s largest search engine, ‘‘Google’’ has started to award social entrepreneurs (globalimpactchallenge.withgoogle.com), Jeff Skoll (co-founder of e-bay) has donated 4.4 million pounds for establishing a research Centre for social entrepreneurship (www.skollfoundation.org); Jeff Bezos (founder of Amazon), recently announced a one million Page |6 US dollar award for innovative approaches and breakthrough solutions to effectively improve communities or the world at large (www.amazon.com). 2.2. Sample Main Heading 2 As described above, the idea of social enterprise is certainly not new as businesses with social missions can be traced back in the nineteenth century. Thus, the practice of social enterprise may well be ahead of the theory as in other areas of social action (Sarah et al., 2002). 2.2.1. The Sub Heading The social entrepreneurs are seen to lead some ‘unique endeavors’ through the establishment of some social purpose organizations. Although, entrepreneurs in general do launch or operate an organization but it is not assumed to be a necessity (Peredo, 2003). Likewise, all businesses and start-ups are entrepreneurial in nature (Carland, et al., 1984), but there are good numbers of reasons to well be ahead of the theory as in other areas of social action (Sarah et al., 2002). 2.2.1.1. The Sub Sub Heading The social entrepreneurs are seen to lead some ‘unique endeavors’ through the establishment of some social purpose organizations. Although, entrepreneurs in general do launch or operate an organization but it is not assumed to be a necessity (Peredo, 2003). Table (2.2.1.1): Title of Table (Sample Table) Page |7 2.3. Sample Main Heading 3 As described above, the idea of social enterprise is certainly not new as businesses with social missions can be traced back in the nineteenth century. Thus, the practice of social enterprise may well be ahead of the theory as in other areas of social action (Sarah et al., 2002). 2.4. Hypothesis Write here the hypothesis of your study. It can be only one or it can be even more than one as per your choice and nature of study. For example, for the sample example provided in chapter one, the hypothesis can be like follows. For the purpose of achieving the objectives of the study, few hypotheses were presumed. These were formed on the basis of previous and current studies on the topic of critical success factors of social enterprises; the hypotheses are described as follows: Hypothesis -1 H1a: The possession of strong business planning skills in key individuals of social enterprises is significantly associated with the success of social enterprises. Hypothesis -2 H2a: Having a strong entrepreneurship orientation in social entrepreneurs is significantly associated with the success of social enterprises. Page |8 CHAPTER 3 Page |9 THE METHODOLOGY 3. In this chapter, the research process of your thesis is to be well-defined and described sequentially. Starting with (1) research preparation, research approach; process of the survey, concerning research design, participants/respondents, sampling procedure and survey design, sample plan, research instrument, method of analysis and the limitations are discussed in detail. 3.1. Research Approach Research approach is a plan and procedure that consists of the steps of broad assumptions to detailed method of data collection, analysis and interpretation. It is therefore, based on the nature of the research problem being addressed. The researcher’s choice of a particular research approach is governed by the nature of the research problems he/she wants to solve (Yin 1994; Merriam 1998). 3.2. Research Design Research design represents the overall functional plan or blueprint (Babbie & Mouton, 2008) for the research project. Whereas research methodology refers to the standard set of tools, techniques, and approaches used for the purpose of collecting, analyzing and interpreting data by the researcher, the research design is the purposeful way in which such methods are linked together to address the research questions or reach conclusions. Tempering an appropriate research design is critical for the attainment of specified goals or objectives outlined for the research project. Therefore, the research design is ought to be trustworthy and reliable while being scientifically grounded (Cooper & Schindler, 2006; Churchill & Iacobucci, 2002). The research design refers to the overall strategy that you choose to integrate the different components of the study in a coherent and logical way, thereby, ensuring you will effectively address the research problem; it constitutes the blueprint for the collection, measurement, and analysis of data. P a g e | 10 CHAPTER 4 P a g e | 11 ANALYSIS AND RESULTS 4. This chapter analyses and interprets the data collected. The chapter discusses the results of the study. You can divide the chapter into the desired number of sections and sub-sections. Analysis is still a method or a tool being used to break down your findings. 4.1. Put Sample Main Heading Here you can write the first part of your results and analysis section. For example, you can put here the demographic data analysis etc. You can divide it into as many number of sub-sections as required. 4.2. Put Sample Main Heading Here you can write the second part of your results and analysis section. For example, you can put here main data analysis with the corresponding results etc. You can divide it into as many number of sub-sections as required. Water & Sanitation 10% Agriculture 8% Others 0% Education 12% Health 16% Financial Inclusion 7% Health Education Energy Environment Energy 22% Environment 11% Financial Inclusion Agriculture Water & Sanitation Others Livelihood Promotion 14% Figure (4.2.1): Response Summary as per the Type of Social Enterprises’ Legal Structure (Replace or Delete as required) P a g e | 12 CHAPTER 5 P a g e | 13 DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION 5. This chapter contains an extensive coverage for discussion, interpretation and validation of the survey results. Further, the chapter delineates the discussions on the part of study limitations and prospectus for future research, and leads to a broad conclusion at the end of the chapter. 5.1. Discussion The purpose of the discussion is to interpret and describe the significance of your findings in light of what was already known about the research problem being investigated and to explain any new understanding or insights that emerged as a result of your study of the problem. The discussion will always connect to the introduction by way of the research questions or hypotheses you posed and the literature you reviewed, but the discussion does not simply repeat or rearrange the first parts of your paper; the discussion clearly explain how your study advanced the reader's understanding of the research problem from where you left them at the end of your review of prior research level. 5.2. Conclusion The conclusion is intended to help the reader understand why your research should matter to them after they have finished reading the paper. A conclusion is not merely a summary of your points or a re-statement of your research problem but a synthesis of key points. 5.3. Managerial Relevance Write here an account of the managerial relevance of your study. Just to revise the one mentioned in chapter 1 in light of the findings of the study. 5.4. Scientific Implications Write here an account of the scientific implications of your study. Just to revise the one mentioned in chapter 1 in light of the findings of the study. 5.5. Limitations and Scope for Future Research Every study has limitations. Study limitations can exist due to constraints on research design or methodology, and these factors may impact the findings of your study. However, many researchers are reluctant to discuss the limitations of their study in their papers, feeling that bringing up limitations may undermine its research value in the eyes of readers and reviewers. You may choose to conclude the section by making suggestions for further research. Although your study may offer important insights about the research problem, this is where you can P a g e | 14 address other questions related to the problem that remain unanswered or highlight previously hidden questions that were revealed as a result of conducting your research. You should frame your suggestions by linking the need for further research to the limitations of your study [e.g., in future studies, the survey instrument should include more questions that ask..."] or linking to critical issues revealed from the data that were not considered initially in your research. P a g e | 15 References P a g e | 16 1) Acs, Z. J., & Audretsch, D. B. (2005). Entrepreneurship, innovation and technological change. Foundations and Trends in Entrepreneurship, 1(4), 1–65. 2) Adams, C. (2015). Understanding integrated reporting: The concise guide to integrated thinking and the future of corporate reporting. Do Sustainability. 3) Adler, P., & Kwon, S. (2002). Social capital: Prospects for a new concept. Academy of Management Review 27(1) 17-40. 4) P a g e | 17 SAMPLE ANNEXURE As an expert reviewer to the Questionnaire on the Critical Success Factors in Indian Social Enterprises, it would be highly appreciated if you could also answer the following diagnostic questions related to the questionnaire. Please select the option that is most appropriate. Please put a tick mark against your choice in appropriate box as per the following scale 1=To no degree 2=To a less degree 3= To a fair degree 4=To a high degree 5= Totally Part-I Question/Statement 1 2 3 4 5 1. To what degree did you comprehend the questions? 2. To what degree did you understand the aim and objectives of the Questionnaire? 3. To what degree did you feel that the Questionnaire was comprehensive in its coverage of possible critical success factors? 4. To what degree did you feel that the Questions were logically structured in the questionnaire? Part-II 1. How long did it take to complete the questionnaire? Please tick (✓) against your choice 0-10 min. 10-20 min 20-30 min >30 min 2. Did you find the instructions provided to complete the questionnaire clear and simple? Please tick (✓) against your choice Yes No 3. Your other observations/comments about the questionnaire. Please elaborate Use extra sheet attached (if necessary) - - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - End - thank you very much for your participation! P a g e | 18 MBA Program – MGT675 Rubric 2019-2020 Business Administration Department College of Administrative and Financial Sciences Business Administration Department Evaluation Sheet- Project- MGT675 Student Name Student ID CRN Supervisor Name Evaluator Name Evaluation Date Project Title Student’s Total Marks / 100 Page 1|5 MBA Program – MGT675 Rubric 2019-2020 Business Administration Department Weight Items Item Weight Criteria/Section Excellent Contents Very Good Good Poor Very Poor (2.5) (2) (1.5) (1) (0.5) Excellent Very Good Good Poor Very Poor (4) (3) Feedback Score  The level to which the different sections of Abstract 5 abstract are in the form of well-developed paragraphs, which are unified, coherent, concise and provide logical connections between materials included?  The level to which the abstract contains the sections on background, purpose, research design, major methods, major findings, implications and directions for future research? Contents (5) (2) Score Feedback (1)  The level to which the introduction provides Introduction and Literature Review relevant background on existing knowledge gap and the importance of bridging that gap? 20  The level to which the review cites an extensive, up to date, relevant and thorough body of literature on the topic?  The level to which the literature offers critical review, or comparison of different approaches which reveals any methodological flaws in research methods, inconsistencies in theories or findings which need further study?  The level to which the literature review unambiguously lead to research question(s), hypothesis (es), and objective(s)? Page 2|5 MBA Program – MGT675 Rubric 2019-2020 Business Administration Department Excellent Very Good Good Poor Very Poor (5) (4) (3) (2) (1) Excellent Very Good Good Poor Very Poor (2.5) (2) (1.5) (1) (0.5) Excellent Very Good Good Poor Very Poor (5) (4) (3) (2) (1) Score Feedback Score Feedback Score Feedback Contents Methodology Outlook 10  The level to which the methodology contains details of what, when, where, and how the research was performed so that other researcher can repeat the method for similar studies?  The level to which the methodology is relevant to each objective, hypothesis, or research question? Contents  The level to which the results of the study are Analysis and Results 10 clear, concise, and presented in a logical order for each objective, hypothesis, or research question?  The level to which the artwork (tables, figures, pictures and images etc.) are legible, labelled, described and referred properly in the text?  The level to which the study establishes the validity and robustness of the results in synchronization with the appropriate analytical techniques used in the study?  The level to which the analysis of data is adequate enough to sufficiently reveal the significance of the study? Contents Discussion 10  The level to which the discussion is logically and sequentially presented in a concise manner for Page 3|5 MBA Program – MGT675 Rubric 2019-2020 Business Administration Department each objective, hypothesis and research question or statement?  The level to which the findings adequately linked to relevant literature with proper citation? Excellent Very Good Good Poor Very Poor (5) (4) (3) (2) (1) Excellent Very Good Good Poor Very Poor (10) (8) (6) (4) (2) Excellent Very Good Good Poor Very Poor (10) (8) (6) (4) (2) Excellent Very Good Good Poor Very Poor Contents Conclusions and Implications Score Feedback Score Feedback Score Feedback  The level to which the study draw reasonable 10 conclusions which are consistent with the results or development of the argument in the analysis?  The level to which the study identifies and acknowledges the limitations and does it provide reasonable directions for future research? 10 Contents Novelty/ Originality  The level to which the work represents a novel approach or findings? Also indicate the level to which the study have significant theoretical & practical implications? 10 Contents Soft Copy Submission  The level to which the submitted soft copy complies the approved guidelines? Page 4|5 MBA Program – MGT675 Rubric 2019-2020 Business Administration Department Contents Score (7.5) Presentation Delivery 15 TOTAL GRADE (6.5) (5.5) (4.5) Feedback (3.5) The Presenter  The level to which the presenter presented the material in a clear and structured manner, demonstrated time management and was able to handle the queries. The Presentation  The level to which the presentation was concise & comprehensive with appropriate use of examples, and techniques etc. /100 Page 5|5 MGT675: Capstone Project Credit Hours: 3 Contact Hours: This is a 3-credit course, offered in a 14 week format. The exact number of hours per week that you can expect to spend on each course will vary based upon the weekly coursework, as well as your study style and preferences. You should plan to spend 8-12 hours per week in each course reading material, writing papers, completing projects, and doing research. Faculty Information Faculty contact information and office hours can be found on the faculty profile page. Course Description and Outcomes Course Description: The course is required to be undertaken in the form of a research program in which the candidates will pursue rigorous applied research on a self-selected topic or problem under the guidance of a faculty member. Essentially, the project needs to be practical, relevant, and address a problem of great interest to practitioners (corporate), local or global economy while simultaneously contributing to the body of academic literature. Therefore, while the project helps to integrate prior MBA courses, and develop students’ research skills, it challenges students to critically reflect, develop, implement, and analyze the business research methods appropriate to any business setting using a sound scientific approach. Course Learning Outcomes: • • • • • Developing sound solutions and recommendations to business and social problems by researching, analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating information using qualitative and quantitative analytical reasoning. Developing the skills to independently identify a research problem, formulate research designs, and develop research questions, and a corresponding research strategy or general line of approach. Developing proficiency in conducting literature review & proposing a theoretical/conceptual framework. Developing necessary skills to gather, analyze and interpret scientific data. Developing effective and persuasive written and oral communication skills in expressing ideas, research findings, and recommendations etc. using a variety of communications skills and tools. Student Anticipated Actions The students will: 1. Strictly follow the Approved Guidelines related to preparing and filling the Research Project. 2. For formatting of the thesis, please use the suggested template provided to you at beginning of semester. The instructions on how to use the template is available within the approved guidelines manual. 3. Develop the proposal for their research project and submit to their supervisors for approval. The approved template for constructing a research proposal is supplied separately. 4. Perform an extensive review of pertinent literature on a particular topic using both online and offline scientific sources of literature. 5. Once started, it is advised to timely submit the sections of your report to your designated supervisor. The supervisor will check your progress and keep you as well as the College informed of whether you are performing satisfactorily. 6. Check their final thesis for plagiarism by submitting to Plagiarism Software. Students have the utmost responsibility to adhere to this principle of academic integrity and honesty by ensuring that their report is plagiarism free. Regarding the rules on plagiarism, please refer to the approved guidelines manual. 7. Develop and present a power point presentation on the selected project to ‘Project Assessment Committee of the Department’ at the agreed dates and stages. 8. A signed hard bound copy of final project report has to be submitted to the department/supervisor at agreed deadlines. 9. The project work will be graded through a comprehensive assessment rubric. In order to have a prior knowledge about the different evaluation criteria, you can review the assessment rubric within the approved guidelines manual. 10. To know further about the course aims and objectives, course overview, rationale and the quality requirements of the course/project work, please refer to the approved guidelines manual. Recommended Materials 1) American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American psychological association Washington. DC: American Psychological Association. ISBN-13: 978-1-4338-0561-5 2) Creswell J. W. (2012). Educational research: planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson. ISBN: 978-0-13-136739-5. 3) Dawidowicz, P. (2010). Literature reviews made easy: A quick guide to success. IAP. 1) Bell, E., Bryman, A., & Harley, B. (2018). Business research methods. Oxford university press. Further Recommended Online Sources 1) www.apastyle.org : The American Psychological Association publishes the APA Publication manual. 2) https://www.jstor.org/ not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. 3) https://www.emerald.com/insight/ : A Global Publisher which actively advances the research and practice of business and management. Log on to learn how to compose a structured abstract. 4) https://www.onlinemba.com/resources/writing-guide/ Writing Guide for MBA student Weekly Course Schedule Week 1 Subject Activity Intro / Familiarization • • • • 2 Topic Selection • • 3 Proposal Development 4 Review of Literature • • • • • 5 Literature Draft • • • 6 Literature Presentation • • • 7 Research Methodology • • • 8 Field work/methods • • 9 Analyze • The week is about orientation to the course. The students will develop contact and rapport with their corresponding supervisors. Timetable meetings with your supervisor at the start of your project/research. Students need to acquaint themselves with the applied nature of the research project, the bylaws and requirement of the course like ‘the approved guidelines manual’, APA referencing manual, plagiarism policy etc. The supervisors will assist the candidates in clearing their doubts about the bylaws and course requirements. Students will provide a brief introduction about their field of interest to the supervisor. The introduction must cover your educational background, work experiences and the research area which are of most interest to you. Preposition the research problem, developing the research questions, rationale and purpose of the study. Supervisor will assist the candidate in finalizing the research topic. The candidates will develop the research proposal of their project. Supervisor will assist in ensuring that the proposal contains all the required sections as mentioned in the approved format. The students will conduct the literature review under the supervision of their supervisors. The supervisor will ensure that the students adhere to the scientific strategies of writing the literature reviews. The students will prepare their first draft of literature review. The supervisor will evaluate the quality of review and will advise his comments and suggestions. At the end of the week, the students will finalize the hypotheses of their study. The students will give a power point presentation on their literature review to their supervisors. The supervisor will critically evaluate the presentation and/or provide constructive feedback. The student will incorporate the comments in order to finalize his literature review. The students will revise the objectives and hypothesis of their work. The supervisor and student will jointly decide upon the research design of the study. The students will develop the questionnaire and submit it to the concerned supervisor for approval. The student will prepare for collecting the primary data (if any) and the approach of secondary data synthesis. The supervisor will ensure that the approach of data collection is appropriate to the nature of study. The students will organize the collected data and decide the suitable techniques of analysis in consultation with their supervisor. 10 Analysis Drafting • • The student will create the first draft of their analysis. The supervisor will review to finalize the results and analysis section. 11 Summarizing • Draft the chapter 5 under the predefined sections and format as per the supplied guidelines. The supervisor will ensure that the required sections like discussion and conclusion as well as their contents are as per the scientific standard. Check and learn with your APA reference guidance on the appropriate referencing and citation method to use. Plagiarism check Drafting and re-drafting each section/chapter. Revise your title, abstract. Are all your chapters and sections relevant? Does each section flow into the next? Anything missing? Correct order and numbering of tables and figures as per the approved formatting guidelines. Seeking comments from your supervisors on each draft section/chapter revising each draft section/chapter in light of the supervisor’s comments. Preparing a complete final draft. Supervisors need to schedule time at the end of writing to proof-read the whole document. Final Hard Copy Submission Power Point Presentation • 12 Referencing • 13 Final Draft • • • • • • • 14 Submission • •
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OUTLINE FOR THE PROPOSAL ON AN INQUIRY INTO THE
IMPACT OF THE WORK ENVIRONMENT ON EMPLOYEE
PRODUCTIVITY IN THE MANUFACTURING SECTOR IN
DAMMAN, SAUDI ARABIA
This proposal entails the following sections:
1. Background


The working environment is among the most significant issues affecting organizations.



It working broadly includes all surroundings when working.



It constitutes both the physical and psychological aspects of how people's work is organized
and their well-being at work.



The working environment can significantly affect employee performance (Hafee et al.,
2019).



The manufacturing sector presents a unique working environment where the production of
goods occurs through machines and labor.



Hence, the working environment is critical to workers in this sector.

2. Statement of the problem


The working environment is among the most vital components in making workers feel
satisfied and for activities to function (Chandrasekar, 2011).



It is a real-world issue that affects employees in companies.



Although different companies use different approaches to improving their working
environments, the manufacturing sector has significant health and safety problems.



It requires identifying and providing processes related to occupational health and safety
matters.

3. Literature Review


The workplace environment has a significant part in the employees (Chandrasekar, 2011).



The working environment's quality can influence the level of employees' motivation and
productivity (Chandrasekar, 2011).



How well workers get along with the company determines the error rate, innovation level,
and collaboration with coworkers.



Employees’ job satisfaction improves their commitment to work (Al-Shammari, 2013).



Studies have examined the impact of the working environment on employee productivity.

4. Project Objectives


To determine working environment factors considered critical in improving employee
productivity in the context of the manufacturing sector in Damman, Saudi Arabia.



To establish the degree to which the identified vital working environment factors impact
employee productivity in the manufacturing sector.



To assess the working environment's potential impact on employee productivity in the
manufacturing sector in Damman, Saudi Arabia.

5. Target Population (Sampling Technique and Sample Size)


This study investigates the association between the working environment and employee
productivity in the manufacturing sector in Damman, Saudi Arabia.



The population for this study will be employees of manufacturing companies in Damman,
Saudi Arabia. This study will utilize stratified sampling.



This technique will be suitable because it is reasonably expected that the number of
employees will vary among the different manufacturing companies.

6. Data Collection Approach


This study will use both primary and secondary data.



Secondary data will be obtained through searches in online library databases for journal
articles and books.



Secondary data will be used for the literature review to analyze previous research on the
significance of working environment on employee productivity.



Secondary sources will also help the researcher to assess results relative to the findings of
the existing study.

7. Data Analysis


Data analysis involves the process of organizing data to draw meaningful inferences from
it. It applies analytical and logical reasoning to obtain information from collected data.



This study will use two data analysis techniques.



First, the study will use descriptive statistics. This method summarizes the collected data
set, which is either a sample or the entire population (Procheş, 2015).

8. Potential Scope of the Project


This study’s objective is to establish how the working environment relates to employee
productivity in the manufacturing sector in Damman, Saudi Arabia.



This study will be meaningful to several parties.



This research contributes to the existing research on workplace environment effect on
employee performance by investigating this relationship from the perspective of the
manufacturing sector in Damman, Saudi Arabia.

9. Project Implementation Plan


The complete project will cover 38 days plus one day for final report submission from 13
February to 22 March 2021.



The introduction and literature review will cover 12 days.



Data will be collected for four days, and analyzed for four days. The final report will be
written and compiled for 18 days.



The project will then be submitted on 22 March.

10. References


Articles

11. Appendices


Questionnaire


RESEARCH PROJECT
PROPOSAL
On

AN INQUIRY INTO THE IMPACT OF THE WORK
ENVIRONMENT ON EMPLOYEE PRODUCTIVITY IN
THE MANUFACTURING SECTOR IN DAMMAN,
SAUDI ARABIA

By

[Your Full Name Here]
Enrolment No. xxxxxxx

[Insert Degree Name]

[Insert Department Name]

[Insert Name of College]

[Insert Course Code: xxxxx]

[Insert Branch Name]

Date of Submission: DD MM 20YY
Supervisor Name:

Dr. Xxx Xxxxxxx Xxxxx

Saudi Electronic University

1. Background
The working environment is among the most significant issues affecting organizations. It working
broadly includes all surroundings when working. It constitutes both the physical and psychological
aspects of how people's work is organized and their well-being at work. The working environment
can significantly affect employee performance (Hafee et al., 2019). The manufacturing sector
presents a unique working environment where the production of goods occurs through machines
and labor. Hence, the working environment is critical to workers in this sector.
The working environment's history dates to the early 1900s during which, Fredrick Taylor asserted
that incentives, such as salary and work environment, should improve worker's productivity
(Uddin & Hossain, 2015). Although there was an explosion in industrial growth, organizations
hardly considered workers' well-being. Scientific management resulted in standardized tasks.
Avoiding Taylorism by utilizing human factors, and a rise in factory automation to improve
efficiency between 1910 and 1940, was accompanied by a focus on job performance and human
relations from 1940 to 1950 (Uddin & Hossain, 2015). Scholars began to study communication,
conflict, and group dynamics between 1950 and 1960, inspired by the necessity for reducing
interpersonal disputes and increase collaboration. Between 1970 and 1980, many studies
emphasized communication and satisfaction.
Since 1980, there have been several studies on the significance of the working environment on
empl...


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