Ch. 5 Phonetics HW

Writing

ling010

Pasadena City College

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I'm working on a english multi-part question and need a sample draft to help me study.

The questions for homework at the end of the chapter are: 1-6, 10-12, and 17.

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Exercises 1. Write the phonetic symbol for the first sound in each of the following words according to the way you pronounce it. Example: ooze [u] psycho [s] a. judge [ ] b. Thomas [ ] c. though [ ] d. easy [ ] e. pneumonia [ ] f. thought [ ] g. contact [ ] h. phone [ ] i. civic [ ] j. usual [ ] 2. Write the phonetic symbol for the last sound in each of the following words. Example: boy [ɔɪ] (Diphthongs should be treated as one sound.) a. fleece [ ] b. neigh [ ] c. long [ ] / d. health [ ] e. watch [ ] f. cow [ ] g. rough [ ] h. cheese [ ] i. bleached [ ] j. rags [ ] 3. Write the following words in phonetic transcription, according to your pronunciation. Examples: knot [nat]; delightful [dilaɪtfel] or [delaɪtfel]. Some of you may pronounce some of these words the same. a. physics b. merry c. marry d. Mary e. yellow f. sticky g. transcription h. Fromkin i. tease j. weather / k. coat l. Rodman m. heath n. “your name” o. touch p. cough q. larynx r. through s. beautiful t. honest u. president 4. Following is a narrow phonetic transcription of a verse in the poem “The Walrus and the Carpenter” by Lewis Carroll. There is one major error in each line that is a mispronunciation or incorrect phonetic symbol. Write the word in which the error occurs in the correct phonetic transcription. Corrected Word a. ðə tʰãɪm hӕz cʌm ̃ b. ðə wɔlrəs sed c. tʰu tʰɔlk əv mɛn ̃ i θɪŋ ̃ z d. əv ʃuz ãnd ʃɪps e. ӕ̃nd silɪŋ ̃ wӕx f. əv kʰӕbəgəz ӕ̃nd kʰɪŋ ̃ z g. ӕ̃nd waɪ ðə si ɪs bɔɪlɪŋ ̃ hat [kʰʌm ̃ ] / h. ӕ̃nd wԑθər pʰɪgz hæv wɪŋ ̃ z 5. The following are all English words written in a broad phonetic transcription (omitting details such as nasalization and aspiration). Write the words using ordinary spelling. a. [hit] b. [strok] c. [fez] d. [ton] e. [boni] f. [skrim] g. [frut] h. [priʧər] i. [krak] j. [baks] k. [θæŋks] l. [wɛnzde] m. [krɔld] n. [kanʧiɛnʧəs] o. [parləmɛntæriən] / p. [kwəbɛk] q. [pitsə] r. [bərak obamə] s. [mɪt ramni] t. [tu θaʊzənd ænd twɛlv] 6. Write the symbol that corresponds to each of the following phonetic descriptions, then give an English word that contains this sound. Example: voiced alveolar stop [d] dough a. voiceless bilabial unaspirated stop [ ] b. low front vowel [ ] c. lateral liquid [ ] d. velar nasal [ ] e. voiced interdental fricative [ ] f. voiceless affricate [ ] g. palatal glide [ ] h. mid lax front vowel [ ] i. high back tense vowel [ ] j. voiceless aspirated alveolar stop [ ] 7. In each of the following pairs of words, the boldfaced sounds differ by one or more phonetic properties (features). Give the IPA symbol for each of the boldfaced sounds, state their differences and, in addition, state what properties they have in common. / Example: clean—cleanse [i]-[ɛ] The ea in clean is high and tense. The ea in cleanse is mid and lax. Both are front vowels. a. bath—bathe b. reduce—reduction c. cool—cold d. wife—wives e. cats—dogs f. impolite—indecent 8. Write a phonetic transcription for each of the words in the following sets. Note that the words in each set are written with the same vowel. a ea swam hear swan heart heard o ou bone shout / done should gone shoulder one trouble both you bother brother 9. For each group of sounds listed, state the phonetic feature(s) they all share. Example: [p] [b] [m] Features: bilabial, stop, consonant a. [g] [p] [t] [d] [k] [b] b. [u] [ʊ] [o] [ɔ] c. [i] [ɪ] [e] [ɛ] [æ] d. [t] [s] [ʃ] [p] [k] [ʧ] [f] [h] e. [v] [z] [ʒ] [ʤ] [n] [g] [d] [b] [l] [r] [w] [j] f. [t] [d] [s] [ʃ] [n] [ʧ] [ʤ] 10. Write the following broad phonetic transcriptions in regular English spelling. a. nom ʧamski ɪz e lɪngwɪst hu tiʧəz æt ɛm aɪ ti / b. fənɛtɪks ɪz ðə stʌdi əv spiʧ saʊndz c. ɔl spokən læŋgwɪʤəz juz saʊndz prədust baɪ ðə ʌpər rɛspərətɔri sɪstəm d. ɪn wʌn daɪəlɛkt əv ɪnglɪʃ kat ðə naʊn ænd kɔt ðə vərb ar prənaʊnst ðə sem e. sʌm pipəl θɪŋk fənɛtɪks ɪz vɛri ɪntərɛstɪŋ f. vɪktɔrijə framkən rabərt radmən ænd ninə haɪəmz ar ðə ɔθərz əv ðɪs bʊk 11. What phonetic property or feature distinguishes the sets of sounds in column A from those in column B? A B a. [i] [ɪ] [u] [ʊ] b. [p] [t] [k] [s] [f] [b] [d] [g] [z] [v] c. [p] [b] [m] [t] [d] [n] [k] [g] [ŋ] d. [e] [ɛ] [o] [ɔ] [æ] [a] [e] [ɛ] [o] [ɔ] [æ] [a] e. [f] [v] [s] [z] [ʃ] [ʒ] [ʧ] [ʤ] f. [i] [ɪ] [e] [ə] [ɛ] [æ] [u] [ʊ] [o] [ɔ] 12. Which of the following sound pairs have the same manner of articulation, and what is that manner of articulation? a. [h] [Ɂ] b. [r] [w] c. [m] [ŋ] d. [ð] [v] e. [r] [t] / f. [f] [ʃ] g. [k] [θ] h. [s] [g] i. [j] [w] j. [j] [ʤ] 13. Part One Which of the following vowels are lax and which are tense? a. [i] b. [ɪ] c. [u] d. [ʌ] e. [ʊ] f. [e] g. [ɛ] h. [o] i. [ɔ] j. [æ] k. [a] l. [ə] / m. [aɪ] n. [aʊ] o. [ɔɪ] Part Two Think of ordinary, nonexclamatory one-syllable English words that end in [ʃ] preceded directly by each of the vowels in Part One. Which are possible (or actual) words? Are any such words impossible in English? Example: push [pʊʃ] is an actual word; nish [nɪʃ] is a possible word; but words ending in [-aɪʃ] are not possible in English. Part Three In terms of tense/lax, which vowel type is found in most such words? 14. Write a made-up sentence in narrow phonetic transcription that contains at least six different vowels and two different diphthongs. 15. The front vowels of English, [i], [ɪ], [e], [ɛ], and [æ], are all unrounded. However, many languages have rounded front vowels, such as French. Here are three words in French with rounded front vowels. Transcribe them phonetically by finding out the correct IPA symbols for front rounded vowels: (Hint: Try one of the books given in the references, or Google around.) a. tu, “you,” has a high front rounded vowel and is transcribed phonetically as [ ] / b. bleu, “blue,” has a midfront rounded vowel and is transcribed phonetically as [ ] c. heure, “hour,” has a low midfront rounded vowel and is transcribed phonetically as [ ] 16. Challenge exercise: a. Take all of the vowels from Exercise 13, Part One, except the schwa and for each find a monosyllabic word containing that vowel followed directly by [t], and give both the spelling and the phonetic transcription. Example: beat [bit], foot [fʊt] b. Now do the same thing for monosyllabic words ending in [r]. Indicate when such a word appears not to occur in the way you speak English. c. And do the same thing for monosyllabic words ending in [g]. d. Is there a quantitative difference in the number of examples found as you went from Part One to Part Three in Exercise 13? e. Are most vowels that “work” in B tense or lax? How about in C? f. Write a brief summary of the difficulties you encountered in trying to do this exercise. 17. In the first column are the last names of well-known authors. In the second column are their best-known works (one for each). Match each / work to its author and write the author’s name and work in conventional spelling. Example: a. 1. Example: a.[dɪkə̃nz] Answer: a—1 (Dickens, Oliver Twist) 1. [ɔləvər thwɪst] b. [sɛrvãntɛs] 2. [ə fɛrwɛl thu armz] c. [dãnte] 3. [æ̃nə̃məl farm] d. [dɪkə̃nz] 4. [dõn kihote] e. [ɛliət] 5. [greps ʌv ræθ] f. [hɛm ̃ ɪŋ ̃ we] 6. [gret ɛkspɛktheʃə̃nz] g. [hõmər] 7. [gʌləvərz thrævəlz] h. [mɛlvɪl] 8. [hæ̃mlət] i. [ɔrwɛl] 9. [mobi-dɪk] j. [ʃekspir] 10. [saɪləs marnər] k. [staĩnbɛk] 11. h [ðə dɪvaɪn ̃ k ãmədi] l. [swɪft] 12. [ðə ɪliəd] m. [thɔlstɔɪ] 13. [thãm sɔɪjər] n. [thwẽn] 14. [wɔr æ̃nd phis] / ...
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