Life on the Home Front

Social Science
Tutor: None Selected Time limit: 1 Day

hi guys can you go to this website and read the chapter  and answer the Section 3 Assessment 

http://textbook.s3.amazonaws.com/Creating%20Americ...

Nov 10th, 2014

Explain the

significance of:

• war bonds: to provide food and help to the soliders in the war 

• propaganda: helped the committee sell the war through posters, pamphlets, and movies

• Espionage Act & Sedition Act: 

The laws made it illegal to criticize the war. U.S. courts tried more than 1,500 pacifists, socialists, and other war critics.

• Oliver Wendell Holmes: argued that free speech, guaranteed by the First Amendment, could be limited, especially in wartime

• Great Migration: was the mass movement of about five million southern blacks to the north and west between 1915 and 1960

2. Using Graphics

Make a chart like the one below to show reasons for wartime shifts in population.

Africans Americans:
  • Shifts: Between 1910 and 1920, about 500,000 African Americans moved north to such cities as New York, Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, and St. Louis.
  • Reasons: They left to escape the bigotry, poverty, and

    racial violence of the South. They hoped for a better life in the North

Mexicans
  • Shifts: Many immigrants settled in Texas, Arizona,Colorado, and California.
  • Reasons:  Looking for work, most became farm workers. During the war

    years, some went to Northern cities to take better-paying factory jobs.

How similar were the two groups’ reasons for moving?

- Both fled from there home area for better life which involved work. 

3. Main Ideas

a. What were three ways American families could contribute to the war effort?

  1. War Bonds 
  2. people planted “victory gardens” in backyards and vacant lots.
  3. Women’s groups came together in homes and churches to knit socks and sweaters and sew hospital gowns.


b. What was the purpose of the Espionage and Sedition Acts? was to  set heavy fines and long prison terms for such antiwar activities as encouraging draft resisters.

 What groups were most affected by them? pacifists, socialists, and other war critics

c. What kinds of new job opportunities did the war create for women and minorities? 

 They replaced male workers in steel mills, ammunition factories,and assembly lines. Also served as streetcar conductors and elevator operaters. 

 

 

4. Critical Thinking

Making Inferences What were the positive and the negative consequences of American wartime 

propaganda? 

Positive: The committee sold the war through posters, pamphlets, and movies using it.

Negative: Fueled prejudice due to its anit-german and anti- foreign focus


 





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