Wester Civilization. Need some Help ASAP answering these questions


Campbell University

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I have attach the question on this forum. I need assistance answering these questions by highlighting the answer bold. Also there's a short essay at the end that required with history detailed.

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Opium Wars were important for each of the following reasons, with the exception of a. Demonstration of superior weapons, especially steam powered warships b. being final major imperial event of the 19th century c. opening of East Asia to eventual occupation and exploitation by the Great Powers d. Treaty of Nanking, which opened Chinese ports to Western trade The battles of the Marne and Tannenberg were significant because they a. revealed the fraudulancy of the theory behind the Schleiffen Plan b. led the Allies to believe that the war would be won by Christmas c. displayed to the Allies that they had no hope of winning the Great War without the help of the USA d. proved that Clemanceau's predictions about German militarism were true In 1848, the hopelessness of the urban industrial working class was argued in a political treatise by a. Friedrich Engles b. Count Metternich c. Adam Smith d. Thomas Malthus The Bolshevik capture of the Russian government was beneficial to the Germans because a. Russia joined with Germany in the war effort b. there was no need for Allied forces to occupy the eastern front c. German generals took command of Russian forces and improved their performance d. Russia signed an armistice, and later the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk Scholars would agree that the Franco-Prussian War did all of the following except a. revealed the weakness of the French army b. succeeded in placing a Hohenzollern (Prussian royal family) on the Spanish throne c. resulted in the humiliation of Napoleon III d. completed the unification of Germany Balance of power was intended to maintain relative peace among the Great Powers. This concept, put into practice by the Congress of Vienna, required that a. troops from member nations be kept at home so as not to provoke their neighbors b. France c. the d. the be included as a member to counter the demands by Prussia Turkish empire become a member, despite its Islamic preference Concert of Europe be ignored as a diplomatic body Perhaps the most distinquishing difference between President Wilson's approach to peace and Clemanceau's was found in their remedies for preventing future war. Wilson advocated collective security as a means of addressing future aggresson, while the French premier a. actually agreed with Wilson's plan, but in addition wished to punish Germany b. pleaded for a nonaggression pact with the new German government to prevent resumption of fighting. c. recruited help from the new Russian government to contain German growth d. wanted to disarm Germany by limiting the size and capability of its military Which of the following is not a feature of the 1848 revolution? a. Ethnic rivalries were stronger than nationalistic feeling in some places b. Revolution c. Great d. All was weakened by societal class rivalries fanatical, popular leadership led the way. revolts were put down by military force The philosophy of the middle class, who wanted a political voice and sought privileges similar to the aristocrats, was called a. romanticism b. conservatism c. radicalism d. liberalism Which of the following is an untrue statement about the Monroe Doctrine? a. Made the US the strongest super power of the 19th century b. Is second oldest American foreign policy doctrine c. Was addressed to the Concert of Europe d. To a great extent was enforced by the British navy during the 19th century Which of the following was not a reason for America's participation in the Great War? a. the resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare that resulted in the sinking of American shipping b. British propaganda that swayed American public opinion against German military action c. the Zimmermann Telegram which revealed a potential conspiracy between Mexico and Germany d. membership in the Triple Alliance which required America to uphold treaty agreements Which of the following was decided by the Congress of Berlin (1884)? a. To create the Three Emperor's League b. To keep Germany out of the Triple Alliance c. To award partial juristiction over Bosnia to Austria d. To award the Congo to Leopold of Belgium All of the following appeared to predict Prussia for German leadership, with the exception of a. Junker support for their king b. Europe's c. the most respected military force Zollverein's consolidation of economic leadership within Northern Europe d. Prussian monarchy led the way in parliamentary reform within German society This early 19th century philosophy was a reaction to the Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution; it endorsed the legends and beliefs passed down from the "simpler" times of the Middle Ages in various folk ways a. liberalism b. radicalism c. conservatism d. romanticism According to Marx and Engles, a necessary step in the sequence of a society's transition toward a communist state included a. dependence upon guidance from the Vatican b. adoption c. reliance of a capitalist-industrial economy upon agrarian workers d. disregard of historical events Significance of the Crimean War of 1854 includes a. failure of the coalition to sustain pressure led to their defeat b. opened c. that the mideast to Turkish expansion Russian victory provided access to the Black Sea d. proof that the Concert of Europe was functional Metternich had two main goals at the Congress of Vienna; one, the establishment of a balance of power among the Great Powers, and second the a. domination of government by aristocrats and bourgosie b. concessions c. legitimacy d. imperial to working poor in order to prevent revolution of authority by the royal families conquest overseas Bismarck's diplomatic masterfulness in maintaining peace in Europe in latter 19th century was evident in a. membership in the Triple Entente b. its victory over Turkey c. the formation of the Triple Alliance d. collaboration with France against British naval superiority Which of the following would probably not be included in a list of items that contributed to the formation of volkism? a. folk songs b. rural cultural virtues c. bourgeoisie success d. military victories Which of the following had no effect upon the growth of nationalism during the second half of the 19th century? a. common culture among ethnic and language groups b. collapse c. waning of liberalism influence of organized religion d. Europe's lack of fear of radicalism Which of the following was the single most important event that led to the creation of the German Reich? a. The Seven Weeks War b. The Danish War of 1864 c. The Franco-Prussian War d. formation of the Zollverein The Schleiffen Plan was a demonstration of a change in overall German strategy in the late 19th century. Which of the following is an untrue statement? a. German general staff planned to attack France first in the event of a two front war, then Russia b. Was a military necessity following the lapse in 1892 of the Russo-German treaty c. Revealed Germany's preoccupation with being surrounded by enemies d. Was designed to launch a preemptive strike against the British navy in the event of outbreak of war The invasion of Belgium by German troops in the early weeks of the war had the unintended consequence of a. providing space for Germany's first submarine base b. playing into the hands of British media who portrayed the invaders as barbarians c. enticing Mexico to join the Central Powers as a check against the US. d. guaranteeing the success of the Schlieffen Plan The relationship between Austria and Germany in 1914 was very similar to the relationship between which other nations? a. Serbia and Russia b. Britain and Austria c. Germany d. Austria and Russia and Serbia Which of the following descriptions does not accurately include the Industrial Revolution? a. Most peasants remained on the manor out of a sense of duty to the lord in order to harvest the crops b. Shift from an agricultural economy to an industrial one c. craftsman lost prestige as nonskilled workers replaced them d. creation of a division of labor The most influential point of Wilson's Fourteen Points included the concept of a. balance of power for the preservation of peace b. return c. self of the monarchy to Germany to resume a peaceful constitutional agenda determination of all nations d. mandates for the kingdoms of the Mideast Which of the following was not part of the peace settlement imposed upon Germany at Paris in 1919? a. Limits were placed upon any future German military growth b. America c. Japan would maintain a demilitarized zone on the French/German border occupied Germany's Pacific island holdings d. Germany was required to provide reparations payments to the Allied powers Which of the following was not an action taken by the Concert of Europe? a. Containment of the Russians in the Crimean War of 1854 b. Support for Austia in maintaining order in northern Italy c. Alliance with the Turks against the Greek patriots d. Support for Spain against a 1820s internal uprising The Czar's army's performance was dismal for each of the following reasons with the exception of a. lack of industrial infrastructure that failed to keep the army fed and armed b. socialist propaganda that depleted much of the enthusiasm of the troops c. its failure to take advantage of the extensive Russian air force that could have conducted bombing before the major land battles d. the faulty officer corps that was closer to membership in a boy's fraternity rather than a world class army In order to gain credibilty in the eyes of the Russian people, the Provisional government made a fatal error that ultimately led to its demise in 1917. This was to a. reenter the fighting in the Great War with new vigor b. reject the ideals of democracy and place government in the hands of Russian generals c. form a coalition with the Germans d. reinstate the Czar as a symbolic leader only The sinking of Lusitannia in 1915 introduced a new, horrible concept to warfare, the submarine. The morality of the use of this tactic became a significant issue in American calculations about its involvment in the war because a. American navy was able to finally deploy its submarines into the Atlantic b. German resumptiion of unrestricted submarine warfare included sinking of American merchant ships c. it only sustained American neutrality as the proper course of foreign policy d. unrestricted submarine warfare was intended only for British shipping Which of the following events is responsible for redefining the balance of power arrangement that had been created at the Congress of Vienna? a. Crimean War b. American c. Opium Civil War Wars d. Franco-Prussian War The Spanish American War was an example of nationalist driven policy for each of the following reasons, with the exception of a. American focus upon the settlement of their own frontier prior to considerations about overseas expansion b. American church's desire to evangelize the Asians c. support from the native American lobby d. government officials manuevered to instigate war with Spain Which of the following would not be considered a cause of 19th century imperialism? a. extension of nationalism b. Missionary c. Social ideals Darwinism d. teachings of Marx The nation most threatened by the creation of the Triple Entente was a. Austria-Hungary b. France c. Russia d. Germany Industrial workers were represented politically and philosophically by socialism; Marx and Engles forcasted that causes of the workers' revolution would include a. ignoring history as a means to understand the present conditions of industrial workers b. a teaming up of agricultural workers and industrial workers to bring the whole economic system to a halt c. looking to the church as a beacon of leadership as a way out of their desperate times. d. growth within the capitalist system that left the workers behind with none of the fruits of their labor Which of the following did not give England an advantage as the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution? a. Government supported business through public works projects (canals, railroad,etc.) b. England c. Money was partnered with Spain, the other major industrial power was plentiful for investment d. There was a large labor supply The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 was significant because a. the Habsburg dynasty came to an end b. his murder was believed by the Austrians to have been a conspiracy within the Serbian government c. it proved that an alliance existed between Austria and Germany d. it revealed the silent hand of the Turks who were prompting war with Austria as payback for their betrayal in the Crimean War. Essay form using historic examples to support your answer. Include much detail and explanation and your opinion. What were two causes of the Great War of 1914-18? ...
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