Writing Question

Writing

Question Description

For this assignment, you will write an analysis of the writing found in a major journal from your academic discipline. Your paper will be between 1200-1400 words in length, not including your bibliography.

Part 1: Journal Analysis (600-700 words)

Your essay will focus on 5 recent articles within the journal (published in the last five years). In your analysis, be sure to answer the following questions. Use headings to organize your responses:

Scope, Aim, and Content

  • What topics, issues, or debates are included in this journal? What types of studies are published?

Context of Disciplinary Conversation

  • Do these articles shed light on a historical event, problem, or period?
  • How do they fit into the “big picture”?
  • What incidental information can you glean from them by reading carefully?
  • Such information is important for constructing a narra­tive of the past; our medieval authors almost always tell us more than they intended to.
  • Taken together, do the documents reveal anything significant about the period in question (research in the last 5 years in your discipline)?

Subject

  • What kinds of topics are discussed in the articles?
  • What patterns/exceptions do you notice?
  • Do your documents support or contradict what other sources (vid­eo, readings) have told you?
  • Do the documents reveal a change that occurred over a period of time?
  • Is there a contrast between documents within your set? If so, how do you account for it?

Scale of Readership

  • How globally dispersed is the journal’s readership? Hint: look at the institutional affiliations of the editor, editorial board, and recent authors.

Thesis Statements

  • What kinds of observations can you make about the use of thesis statements? What patterns/exceptions do you notice?

Article Length

  • How long is each article? What patterns/exceptions do you notice?

Organization

  • What features such as topic sentences, headings, and subheadings are used to organize the text? What patterns/exceptions do you notice?

Paragraph Length

  • How long are different paragraphs? What patterns/exceptions do you notice?

Sentence Length

  • How long are typical sentences? What patterns/exceptions do you notice?

Lexicon

  • What kinds of vocabulary words tend to be commonly used? Are there any words that you might not find in other venues/disciplines?

Images/Figures

  • What kinds of images and/or figures are used? What patterns/exceptions do you notice?

Part 2: Article Analysis (600-700 words)

Choose one article from the journal that you believe best represents the scope, aims, content, and style of the journal. For this second part of the analysis, provide a more detailed description of the article. You will read the article for the purpose of analyzing the rhetorical features in the text and write a short analysis of the paper, explaining the features that categorize it as an exemplar of this disciplinary community. In your paper, be sure to address the following questions. Use headings to organize your paper:

Content

  • Topic: What is the text about? Provide a short summary of the research article.
  • Audience: Who is the text written for? How do you know?
  • What do the documents reveal about the author and his audience?
  • Why were they written?
  • What can you discern about the author’s motivation and tone? Is the tone revealing?
  • Does the genre make a difference in your interpretation?
  • How do the documents fit into both their immediate and their greater historical contexts?

Organization

  • Article length: How long is the text?
  • Sections: How many sections does the text have? What does each section focus on? How long is each section?
  • Thesis statement: Is there an explicit thesis statement? If so, where is it? If not, how does the author convey the central idea of the text?
  • Topic sentence: Are topic sentences used? If so, where are they? If not, how does the author present the key message of a paragraph?
  • Paragraph length: How long are different paragraphs? What patterns/exceptions do you notice?
  • Sentence length: How long are typical sentences? What patterns/exceptions do you notice?
  • Do you notice any special features of the text’s organization?

Source Use

  • Are sources used in the text? How much information is provided about each source?
  • Are all sources cited in the text?
  • Is direct quoting or paraphrasing used in the text? How many direct quotes are included in the text? How many paraphrases?
  • What documentation style is used in the text to cite sources?
  • Is there a reference list included at the end? What documentation style is being used?

Language and Style

  • Style: How would you describe the language style of the text? Provide examples to illustrate your description. Here you can quote the text.
  • Vocabulary: What kinds of vocabulary tend to be commonly used? Are there any technical words that you might not find in other disciplines/writing?
  • What is not said, but implied?
  • What is left out? (As a historian, you should always look for what is not said, and ask yourself what the omission signifies.)

Additional Guidelines:

  • You must select articles (not book review essays, which tend to appear toward the end of the journal and are much shorter in length than articles).
  • Be sure that your answers to each of the questions go beyond making obvious observations.
  • Include a References list that follows the formatting guidelines of your journal such as APA, MLA, CMS, etc. Note that many journals have their own specific style formatting guidelines.
  • Your bibliography should include all the information for the five articles, including a link to the pdf.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Vol. 46 (Suppl 1): 3-5, July, 2020 EDITORIAL COMMENT doi: 10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2020.S1ED2 The Social, Economic and Sanitary Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic _______________________________________________ Ana María Autrán Gómez 1, Luciano A. Favorito 2 Department of Urology, University Hospital Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Madrid, Spain, 2 Unidade de Pesquisa Urogenital da Universidade do Estado de Rio de Janeiro - UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil 1 COMMENT In the last 3 months, nearly a third of the world’s population has changed their lifestyle. At this time of writing (June 30th) the COVID-19 pandemic has left a total of 10.302.867 confirmed cases, with more than 505.518 deaths worldwide, spreading to more than 188 countries (1). The pandemic has hit each of the different social strata, the population has had to re-adapt to the circumstances, absolutely all of us have changed the way we face the day to day. Asia, Europe and recently Latin America have been involved in this catastrophe, where the delay in the implementation of health policies by governments has aggravated the problem. Currently, Brazil, one of the main countries and economic force in Latin America, occupies the second place in the world with a total of 1.368.195 confirmed cases and 58.314 deaths (1).    The COVID-19 pandemic represents a sanitary, social and economic challenge at a global level, since the City of Wuhan in China declared it´s lockdown on January 23th 2020, about a third of the world’s population has had to follow the same policies of restriction and isolation at home, imposed by governments, to reduce the spread of the disease to avoid the collapse the health system, measures that today are not entirely clear, as they have been implemented as “emergencies”. This is the result of a lack of adequate epidemiological strategies, focused on the impact of the dissemination of the disease, with the application of tests to the population, tests that we do not currently have. Lockdown measures have led to the cessation of industrial and commercial production in most sectors, with job reductions and layoffs. Recently an editorial in the newspaper The Economist (2) revealed that approximately the cessation of economic activity produced by the lockdown and reduction of movement, will lead a total of 420,000,000 people to absolute poverty with incomes of less than USA $1.90 a day. If we look at first world countries, the United States (USA) has reported a gradual increase of 3.5% in unemployment in February versus 14.7% in April 2020. The COVID-19 is without a doubt one of many pandemics that humanity has had to face throughout history. Never before has the fear of death been so pronounce, because we are reminded daily that people are dying in alarming numbers of around 100 deaths per minute and 150,000 deaths per day. This fear of loss, coupled with social distancing, lockdown, economic instability and uncertainty, will result in a strong psychosocial impact that will have to be addressed (3). Regarding to international Health Systems, the impact on the cessation of development and stabilization in the coming months is enormous. It is estimated that England, by prioritizing care for COVID-19 patients and reducing care for cancer patients, within 6 months, will lose 40% of the quality of life gained in the last 5 years. The World Health Organization warns that if, as a result of the health impact of the pandemic, vaccination programs are paralyzed, around 140 children in Africa will die from each death caused by COVID-19. Just three months into lockdown, 10 months of discontinuation of Tuberculosis treatment in Third World countries will follow, equivalent to approximately 1,4000,000 deaths between 2020-2025. 3 IBJU | EDITORIAL COMMENT Therefore, health systems require an adequate cost-benefit balance between the health policies and economic resources established in each country to face the pandemic, which must be directed on the basis of social risk groups, development dynamics, developmental heterogeneity and resources. In most countries, the contingency and reaction plans established by the government have been misdirected, at the wrong time, implementing urgent measures, most of them with little effectiveness, we have faced a shortage of resources, lack of medical equipment, exhaustion with psychological burn out, infections of health care workers, how many of us have not suffered the disease and have seen so many colleagues infected?. Only in Spain the latest publication of the Spanish Ministry of Health (4) (June 12th 2020), has reported a total of 51. 849 infected health care workers. Regarding the management of assistance protocols and triage, they have been constantly modified in each centre, in each province, trying to adapt to the resources and assistance demands of each country. Without a doubt, all these experiences have enriched our knowledge, survival and management of the COVID-19 pandemic in each of our countries. The volume of publications and scientific articles that have been written and made available is impressive. The medical community worldwide has joined efforts to be able to transmit quickly and effectively a large number of constant information from different medical specialties. The social networks have been overturned with the diffusion of information, which on some occasions, we could call misinformation. In this context, urology, without a doubt, has not been the exception as since the end of March 2020, different International Urological Societies, have added their efforts to be able to establish recommendations, which have allowed us to optimize and prioritize patients´ care being implemented, in most Urology services. We have learned that patient care can continue, through the introduction of Telemedicine, that medical education is feasible and that we can share knowledge and with residents to continue their training. At this time, we have shared academic sessions with our colleagues and friends around the world thus discovering these new tools of communication and development. We have also learned that we can grow among all, expanding our network of scientific collaboration, all these leaves us the COVID-19 Pandemic As part of an international collaborative effort, the American Confederation of Urology (CAU) and Sociedade Brasileira de Urologia (SBU) performs this special edition, which aims to provide a screenshot impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Urology, within each different area of development It´s contains a total of 27 manuscripts performed by expert urologists from France, Italy, Spain, Iran, Germany, Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Mexico, Peru, Bolivia, Panama, the USA. The information that it contains, is reported until May 8th 2020. Finally, I would like to thank each colleague participating in this project ,for the effort and valuable academic contribution, hoping that this crisis we are going through will allow us to grow as people and professionals. “Every crisis has a solution and a learning process, this only depends on us” CONFLICT OF INTEREST None declared. 4 IBJU | EDITORIAL COMMENT REFERENCES 1. 2. 3. 4. Ana María Autrán-Gómez, MD, PhD The Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security (JHCHS) | Homepage [Internet]. [cited 2020 June 30]. Available at. The Economist. | Homepage [Internet]. [cited 2020 May 24] Available at. . Brooks SK, Webster RK, Smith LE, Woodland L, Wessely S, Greenberg N, et al. The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. Lancet. 2020;395:912-20. Información CORONAVIRU. Ministerio de Salud de España. | Homepage [Internet]. [Internet]. [cited 2020 June 30]. Available at. Director of Research Office American Confederation of Urology (CAU), Madrid, Spain E-mail: anamaria87@hotmail.com investigacion@caunet.org ARTICLE INFO Ana María Autran Gomez https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4961-5669 Int Braz J Urol. 2020; 46 (Suppl 1): 3-5 5 ...
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