Part One: Identifications. 5pts x 6 IDs = 30%For each of the six concepts below, please provide a brief explanation in your own words describing what the term means. Please also provide an example from our course materials (readings, documentaries/clips, lectures, slides) that provide an illustration of each concept.
1.) Social Health Gradient/Social Health Ladder
2.) Dualisms/Binary Schema
3.) Ideological Loop
5.) Naturalistic Fallacy
Part Two: Short Answer. 35%/prompt = 70% combinedPlease choose two (2) of the following three prompts to answer. Aim for approximately 3-4 paragraphs per answer. Please be sure to include a minimum of two specific examples from our course materials that help illustrate or provide evidence for each response.Play to your strengths and best of luck!
1.) In the first half of our course, we’ve explored the concept of biological determinism/essentialism in relation to a series of social identities, categories, and experiences.
Please explain what biological determinism is – how might we usefully define this concept? Then, please explain the assumptions and the logic/reasoning that informs biological determinist arguments.
Next, please consider what real or potential consequences might result from applying a biological determinist approach to the study of race, ethnicity, sex and/or gender. Are there critiques that have been or might be made with respect to biological determinist arguments from a medical perspective?
Finally, please consider social constructionist approaches. These approaches understand concepts and categories such as gender, sex, and race as processes that emerge from and get reproduced/reformulated/rejected within particular historical and socio-cultural contexts. How do social constructionist approaches compare/contrast with biological determinist understandings? Are there critiques that have or might be made with respect to social construction arguments from a medical perspective?
2) We have been considering what it means to approach medical questions and concerns from epidemiological and public health perspectives. Such approaches are related to, but distinct from, individual-centered approaches to health and well-being.
Please explain what characteristics distinguish epidemiology and public health approaches to health and well-being from other understandings and practices of medicine.
Next, please discuss how epidemiological and public health approaches to questions of risk, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment/cure relate to broader social structural questions concerning race, ethnicity, gender, sex, and class/SES. What role do these and related social categories play in epidemiological and public health research and practice?
Finally, what limitations or critiques of epidemiological or public health approaches to health and medicine have we considered?
3.) Please take some time to reflect upon the characteristics and consequences of the organization of the medical system(s) in the United States. Consider the significant socialcomponents of health care in the context of the United States.
What role(s) does money play relative to health care in the U.S.?
To what extent is health care in the United States accessible? That is, in what sense is health care available or not for particular individual and groups of individuals? If health care in the U.S. is partially or totally inaccessible in some instances, what factors may account for this situation?
How do race, ethnicity, immigration status, gender, sex, and/or class relate to individual and collective experiences within the U.S. health care system?
Given the materials considered in our readings, lecture slides, documentaries/clips etc., what, to your estimation, are real or potential strengths and limitations of the U.S. health care system? (Please note: this portion of the question is asking for a more subjective assessment – there are no ‘wrong’ answers.)