Homeland Security and Policing
Write a response to the following prompt:
- What are the six main officer
vulnerability issues when dealing with homeland security/confronting
terrorists? Why are these issues a problem in terms of safety of the
- List the initial steps that should be taken when
responding to a terrorist or major event and how can COPPS
assist in these situations either before, during, or after the event?
Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length.
Support your claims with examples from required material(s), and properly cite
officers confronting terrorists in the United States now find themselves
vulnerable in six types of situations (Garrett, 2002):
1. Traffic stops: Law enforcement lacks prior
knowledge of the individual being stopped; the officer may be isolated and the
potential terrorist may be in a heightened state of suspicion or anger as a
result of the stop.
2. Residence visits: Officers are on the
extremists’ home turf, putting them at a disadvantage; the visit may be
routine, but the extremist may not view it as such, and the home may be armed
3. Rallies/marches: The risk to police
usually comes not from the group holding the event, but from protestors, often
anarchists who hate the police and believe that the best way to confront the
demonstrators is through physical violence.
4. Confrontations/standoffs: All such
incidents can arise from the three previous situations.
5. Revenge and retaliation: A terrorist may
be motivated by personal benefit or revenge, such as one who attempts to blow
up an Internal Revenue Service office because he was audited.
6. Incident responses: These can take many
forms, ranging from activities of terrorists to acts of nature. (Peak, Gaines,
& Glensor, 2010. p.395).
Peak, K., Gaines,
L. & Glensor, R. (2010). Police
supervision and management in an era of community policing (3rd
ed.) Upper saddle, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. ISBN: 9780135154663
confronting or dealing with homeland security and confronting terrorists,
police officers face with vulnerability issues that then becomes a problem in
terms of safety of the officers themselves. The officers have continually
fought about these vulnerabilities, which have continued to affect the way the
way they perform their duties effectively.
vulnerability concerns the human rights; it is a difficulty in implementing
counter terrorist measures since it may affect civil liberties and individual
privacy. Officers may face legal charges when found to have infringed some
human rights in the process of offering security. In some cases of terrorism,
the officers uses preemptive neutralization which include capturing, killing or
disabling suspected terrorists before amounting attack which becomes a breach
of the rights.
are vulnerable to leaking information to suspects when interrogating them. This
information may increase their vulnerability and used by suspect to enhance the
crimes. The other vulnerability comes because of management in cases of
terrorism and counter terrorism. In such cases, officers responding to a crime
from different department are prone to misunderstanding and poor control
(Bennett, 2010). The officers are
vulnerable to fatalities as they may face attack from the criminals. They also
face physiological effects due to exposure to actions that might be beyond
their comprehensions. All this vulnerabilities may result to affecting the
officers’ productiveness of the officers.
The first step
is to identify potential emergency scenario that will help enable to determine
the requirements. The second step is stabilization of the incident to minimize
potential damage. The other step is protecting the victims as much as possible.
COPPS has the responsibility to offer information on potential threats,
information on terrorist and help in providing evidence to criminate the
Bennett, P. (2010). Risk communication and public health.
Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Spalek, B. (2013). Terror crime prevention with communities.
Peak, K., Gaines, L. &
Glensor, R. (2010). Police supervision and
management in an era of community policing
(3rd ed.) Upper saddle,
NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. ISBN: 9780135154663