CSU Motivational Leadership Essay

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Columbia Southern University

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Using the CSU Online Library and other disciplinary resources, research how motivational leadership is used in your field. Using this information, write an essay that describes how motivational techniques can be used to enhance employee performances within your field. Be sure your essay addresses the following topics:

  • Describe specific motivational techniques that could be used within your organization or one that interests you to improve work performances. Include your rationale.
  • Examine the effectiveness of motivating employees for the purpose of organizational retention.
  • Explain how goal setting and motivation promote positive organizational behavior and ethical decision-making.
  • In your opinion, explain how today’s leaders can best motivate followers to perform to their greatest potential.

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UNIT IV STUDY GUIDE Our Intentions Affect Our Motivations— Which Affects Our Behavior Course Learning Outcomes for Unit IV Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to: 1. Compare various leadership styles. 1.1 Describe various leadership motivational techniques that could improve employee work performance and retention. 4. Illustrate the role of ethics in guiding leadership behavior and motivations. 4.1 Explain how ethics impacts goal setting to promote a positive organizational behavior. Course/Unit Learning Outcomes 1.1 4.1 Learning Activity Unit Lesson All required readings Unit IV Videos Unit IV Essay Unit Lesson All required readings Unit IV Videos Unit IV Essay Reading Assignment In order to access the following resources, click the links below. Click here to access the Unit IV Motivational Techniques video. Click here to access the transcript for the Unit IV Motivational Techniques video. Armache, J. (2012). Effect of compensation and other motivational techniques on organizational productivity. Franklin Business & Law Journal, 2012(1), 88–96. Retrieved from https://libraryresources.columbiasouthern.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direc t=true&db=bsu&AN=75144022&site=ehost-live&scope=site Business2Learn (Producer). (2011). Retaining and motivating employees (Segment 35 of 40) [Video file]. Retrieved from https://libraryresources.columbiasouthern.edu/login?auth=CAS&url=http://fod.infobase.com/PortalPla ylists.aspx?wID=273866&xtid=47848&loid=139947 The transcript for this video can be found by clicking the “Transcript” tab to the right of the video in the Films on Demand database. Grant, A. M. (2012). Leading with meaning: Beneficiary contact, prosocial impact, and the performance effects of transformational leadership. Academy of Management Journal, 55(2), 458–476. Retrieved from https://libraryresources.columbiasouthern.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direc t=true&db=bsu&AN=74715458&site=ehost-live&scope=site BBA 3651, Leadership 1 Parke, M. R., Weinhardt, J. M., Brodsky, A., Tangirala, S., & DeVoe, S. E. (2018). daily GUIDE planning UNITWhen x STUDY improves employee performance: The importance of planning type, engagement, and interruptions. Title Journal of Applied Psychology, 103(3), 300–312. Retrieved from https://libraryresources.columbiasouthern.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direc t=true&db=pdh&AN=2017-52058-001&site=ehost-live&scope=site San Mateo County Community College District (Producer). (2004). Exercise: Evaluating goals (Segment 5 of 9) [Video file]. Retrieved from https://libraryresources.columbiasouthern.edu/login?auth=CAS&url=http://fod.infobase.com/PortalPla ylists.aspx?wID=273866&xtid=34514&loid=22442 The transcript for this video can be found by clicking the “Transcript” tab to the right of the video in the Films on Demand database. TeleTime (Producer). (2013). Motivating employees: Inc. magazine’s complete series on starting and growing a business [Video file]. Retrieved from https://libraryresources.columbiasouthern.edu/login?auth=CAS&url=http://fod.infobase.com/PortalPla ylists.aspx?wID=273866&xtid=118035 The transcript for this video can be found by clicking the “Transcript” tab to the right of the video in the Films on Demand database. Video Education America (Producer). (2009). Goal setting and motivation (Segment 4 of 6) [Video file]. Retrieved from https://libraryresources.columbiasouthern.edu/login?auth=CAS&url=http://fod.infobase.com/PortalPla ylists.aspx?wID=273866&xtid=41129&loid=90268 The transcript for this video can be found by clicking the “Transcript” tab to the right of the video in the Films on Demand database. Unit Lesson Motivational Techniques Previously, we discussed how leaders are challenged with communicating difficult decisions and what they must do to entice workers to speak up; make intelligent decisions; and set realistic, attainable goals. In this unit, we will reflect on the motivational techniques leaders can utilize to not only incite workers to perform better but also to enhance organizational retention. Click here to access the Unit IV Motivational Techniques video. Click here to access the transcript for the Unit IV Motivational Techniques video. Charismatic and transformational leaders will often motivate workers by (a) engaging in inspirational aspects of the organization’s vision, (b) focusing on collective identities, (c) expressing optimism, and (d) building on the core values of the business (Grant, 2012). Some leaders may opt to change the actual role of a follower as an attempt to motivate him or her to try something new. For the most part, protecting and promoting the culture and security of one’s well-being is of great value for most people in regards to motivation to perform at a higher level. Another method of motivation is to personalize interactions by offering ample mentoring, coaching, and understanding on an individualized level. BBA 3651, Leadership Skills of a leader (Szczybylo, 2018) 2 Motivation is a desire that drives workers to achieve certain goals or targets. Society social norms are UNIT x and STUDY GUIDE considered explicit means of motivations, yet implicit motives are also, thoughTitle subconsciously, related to behavior. Many leaders will try to motivate employees simply by giving them more responsibility, new challenges, and praise or recognition. In most businesses, it is easy to recognize three different types of needs that motivate people to do more: the need for achievement, the need for power, and the need for affiliation (Armache, 2012). For instance, if a worker has a strong need for power, he or she might portray a strong work ethic but could be limited in flexibility and social skills. Each different type of need can affect decisions leaders make in regards to team development and organizational goal setting. Regardless of the type of need a worker displays, leaders must be cognizant of how ethics plays a role in the way people will receive information and behave as a result. Scenario Susan Meyers currently works as a purchasing manager for a small manufacturing company, and she has been tasked with choosing a vendor for a $100,000 contract relating to a production line part. Typically, the process would entail the company asking vendors for proposals and then choosing the best option at the lowest cost; however, in this instance, Susan’s boss has requested that she select one vendor from a choice of only two. Susan discovers that one of the vendors is owned by a spouse of a board member. The other vendor is owned by a local politician who is highly inluential in the community. Being that both vendors have quoted seemingly competitive rates, and there were no other rates solicited, Susan cannot determine if any other company could offer a better rate. Being that there appears to be a vested interest in the shortlist provided, she is unsure if choosing a vendor in this type of manner would result in a violation of established organizational guidelines. On one hand, if Susan follows the instructions of her boss, she will earn the good will of the selected party, yet if she goes against her boss’s wishes, she will likely face a reprimand from senior management. She is mostly concerned as to whether her decision will result in an undesirable or unethical precedent. If you were Susan, what decision would you make? Would it be easier to make a decision if you were not worried about losing your job or being financially burdened as a consequence to your choice of action? Internal Versus External Motivations Job input versus output (Armache, 2012) Making ethical decisions as a leader or a subordinate is not always easy. Individuals are motivated by various internal and external factors. Internal motivations are what a worker internally puts into a job including hard work and commitment while the output factors include rewards and pay (Armache, 2012). Providing a monetary reward for motivation is one of the most common means, as it relates to one’s needs, emotions, and self concept. Financial rewards are generally based on member status, seniority, job level, or BBA 3651, Leadership 3 competencies. Typically, motivation is the ultimate drive that stimulates workers to do their best to produce UNIT x STUDY GUIDE outstanding work. Title Motivational Theories Even though there are many motivational theories regarding employee needs, one of the most common is Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs that is fundamentally focused on motivation and personality. Abraham Maslow postulated that people have primary needs such as food, shelter, sex, and safety. These needs are thought to be of great importance than the desire for one to meet higher order needs such as self-esteem and selfactualization (Shriberg & Shriberg, 2011). Have you ever rushed to a meeting only to discover that your stomach talked more than you did? If certain basic needs are not met, people will tend to be distracted or unmotivated to perform at their best. Human needs can actually overlap, and people can behave in a way that satisfies more than one need at a time. Consequently, if higher-order needs are not met, individuals then could regress and opt to satisfy lower-order needs. These different types of needs are focused on growth, relatedness, and existence (Shriberg & Shriberg, 2011). Often, people believe in the notion that behavior results from consequences. Reinforcement theory is based on the role of positive and negative reinforcement. You might have heard of the story regarding classical conditioning where dogs were trained to salivate at the sound of a bell. The dogs learned over time that when a bell rang, food would quickly appear. The same principle can apply to humans being motivated to perform a task or operate a certain way if they will experience desirable outcomes. On the other hand, if negative consequences follow a certain action or performance, most individuals will choose to refrain from exhibiting a behavior that could result in some form of negative reinforcement. Scenario Jim is listening to soft music and feels relaxed. Suddenly, his wife and son arrive from work and school and start making noises in the kitchen—pots and pans keep banging, his wife’s phone keeps ringing, and the microwave continues to make a beeping sound. His son continuously asks him questions. How do you think Jim will react? What kind of mood is he in now? Most likely, he is no longer motivated to relax. If the sound of soft music creates a sense of peace for Jim, yet distractions and noise prohibit that expectation, it is understandable if the situation resulted in an undesired outcome. Now, it is up to Jim to make another decision in order to deal with the A child distracting his father current mood change, the next behavioral action, and his (Imageegami, 2010) attitude toward the arrival of his wife and the change of his agenda. Too often in work settings, things do not go as planned, and workers are expected to demonstrate flexibility, discipline, and professionalism regardless of the intended outcome. Motivating Factors Frederick Herzberg believes that certain factors tend to be related to job satisfaction and dissatisfaction. He contends that a lack of job security, uncomfortable working conditions, and a decrease in interpersonal relationships can lead to job dissatisfaction (Shriberg & Shriberg, 2011). Therefore, people must be wise in how they communicate with others, complete tasks in a timely manner, and show respect in all situations. Leaders who value a positive working environment will spend quality time strengthening employee relationships and promoting connectivity through various team projects. Motivational theorist David McClelland feels people are motivated by power, achievement, and affiliation. Those who are motivated by power generally act vigorously and are determined to use their power to influence others’ thinking and behavior. Both leaders and followers can exert themselves in a sense of power or drive to get tasks accomplished. These types of people love to achieve goals and face new challenges. The need for affiliation relates to the desire to belong to an establishment or group, to love and receive compassion, and to genuinely connect with others. BBA 3651, Leadership 4 Equity theory and expectancy theory are also related to motivation and performances (Shriberg & Shriberg, UNIT x STUDY GUIDE 2011). For example, people who compare themselves and their attitudes to others Titlewill ideally evaluate their performances in comparison to others. They focus on the outcomes associated with their inputs in relation to others. However, expectancy theory is solely based on an individual’s perception that diligent effort will improve performances. Ultimately, quality leadership styles through communication and motivational techniques are utilized as a means to foster team synergy, employee retention, and higher-level work performances (Shriberg & Shriberg, 2011). References Armache, J. (2012). Effect of compensation and other motivational techniques on organizational productivity. Franklin Business & Law Journal, 2012(1), 88–96. Retrieved from https://libraryresources.columbiasouthern.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direc t=true&db=bsu&AN=75144022&site=ehost-live&scope=site Grant, A. M. (2012). Leading with meaning: Beneficiary contact, prosocial impact, and the performance effects of transformational leadership. Academy of Management Journal, 55(2), 458–476. Retrieved from https://libraryresources.columbiasouthern.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direc t=true&db=bsu&AN=74715458&site=ehost-live&scope=site Imageegami. (2010). Working from home distractions. Distraction, businessmen (ID 21584187) [Photograph]. Retrieved from https://www.dreamstime.com/royalty-free-stock-photography-working-homedistractions-image21584187 Shriberg, D., & Shriberg, A. (2011). Practicing leadership: Principles and applications (4th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Szczybylo. (2018). Conceptual hand writing showing empower engage enable enhance (ID 121978305) [Photograph]. Retrieved from https://www.dreamstime.com/conceptual-hand-writing-showingempower-engage-enable-enhance-business-photo-showcasing-empowerment-leadership-motivationengagem-image121978305 Learning Activities (Nongraded) Nongraded Learning Activities are provided to aid students in their course of study. You do not have to submit them. If you have questions, contact your instructor for further guidance and information. For this nongraded learning opportunity, consider a professional or personal project you were expected to complete within a limited timeframe, and answer the following questions. A vision board is a poster that includes images, quotes, and text that influence or inspire you. Consider creating a vision board of your personal motivations. Start by reflecting on what drives you to try your hardest each day. Is it your own need for personal achievement, or do you want to be a good example for your family? You can create a physical vision board and hang it, or you can create an online version (Pinterest, for example). BBA 3651, Leadership 5
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Motivational Leadership
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Motivational Leadership
Motivation is central to leadership. Motivational leaders give people the confidence to
achieve set goals and to believe in themselves. People who are motivated have a positive outlook
and are always happy about the things they are doing. Leaders should strive to keep their teams
inspired and motivated. Such leaders emphasize the people's strengths instead of their
weaknesses and continuously encourage them to improve (Sale & Thomas, 2019). Leaders use
motivational leadership by being the primary role models and motivating people to achieve the
set objectives in my field. Besides, motivational leadership is used through constant rewards, and
sometimes during meetings, employees are allowed to lead and give feedback.
Motivation Techniques
Motivation enhances the performance of employees. Some motivational techniques that
can be used within my organization to improve performance are first showing the employees that
you trust them to do the best job. Leaders who trust their employees give them more confidence
to work, and their morale increases (Sale & Thomas, 2019). Another techni...


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