comsumption and combustion

Chemistry
Tutor: None Selected Time limit: 1 Day

How many pounds of carbon dioxide are produced from combustion of 2.50 gallons of gas? Mass of gas is 6.3 pounds. Pounds of O2 consumed is 22.1 pounds. THANK YOU FOR YOUR HELP!

Nov 16th, 2014

The first step is to write a balanced equation for the reaction.  I'm going to assume that by "gas" you mean octane (C8H18). 

The balanced equation for the reaction is:

2 C8H18 + 27 O2 --> 16 CO2 + 18 H2O

Next, we have to convert lbs of O2 into grams of O2 (because the molecular masses of elements are measured in grams), using the conversion factor, 1 lb = 453.592 grams

22.1 lbs of O2 = 10024.39 g of O2

Now, convert g of O2 to grams of CO2 using the molecular masses and the equation as conversion factors. 

10024.39 g O2 ( 1 mol / 32 g O2)(16 mol CO2 / 27 mol O2) (46 g CO2 / 1 mol CO2 ) = 8541.85 g CO2

Now convert 8541.85 g CO2 back to lbs of CO2:

8541.85 g CO2 ( 1 lb CO2 / 453.592 g CO2) = 18.83 lbs CO2 produced

Nov 16th, 2014

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