# FC 301 Kaplan University Personal Well Being in The United Kingdom Report

User Generated

snunq612

Mathematics

FC 301

Kaplan University

FC

## Description

In this report, you should select a data set and define three statistical questions to answer by using the statistical analysis, calculations, and graphs techniques you have learned so far in this module. Your questions, data sets, analysis, results and conclusions should be written as a report in a single word document as shown on the attached task instructions.

• The first two documents:
1. Statistical Investigation Report Task instructions
2. Extra guidance & the Report Template
contain the task instructions, extra detailed guidance, and a template which you can use for your report.
• The 3rd and 4th documents:
3. Examples- Data Sets
4. Example Calculations & Graphs analysis
are examples for data set selection and an example for the expected calculations and graphs section.
• The last document is an extra reading on statistical reporting.

### Unformatted Attachment Preview

Purchase answer to see full attachment
User generated content is uploaded by users for the purposes of learning and should be used following Studypool's honor code & terms of service.

Attached. Please let me know if you have any questions or need revisions.

Personal Well Being in the United Kingdom (UK)
Module: FC301- Statistics
Student Name: xxxxx
Student ID: xxxxx
Tutor(s) name(s): xxxxx and xxxxx
Date: dd/mm/yyyy
Declaration:
I confirm that this assignment is my own work. Where I have referred
to academic sources, I have provided in-text citations and included the
sources in the final reference list.

Introduction
The topic of interest is with regards to the personal well-being estimates for the people of the
UK. Understanding the personal well-being of the people in the UK will enable the
understanding of whether the good economic conditions enjoyed in the UK translate to better
well-being of the people. In addition, the personal well-being will be compared among the
various countries that make up the UK; England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland so as to
evaluate whether personal well-being levels are similar or different among the various countries.
Understanding the well-being is critical in understanding if there is need for more social
programs to improve well-being, and also whether some countries in the UK are being left out in
terms of social programs. Personal well-being will be investigated in terms of four main
constructs; Life satisfaction, worthwhile, happiness, and anxiety. All four constructs were
measured on a scale of 1-10. High scores of Life satisfaction, worthwhile, and happiness indicate
better personal well-being with lower anxiety scores also indicating better personal well-being.
The research questions of interest being investigated were therefore:
1) What is the trend in life satisfaction in the UK and UK countries since 2012, and what are the
current levels of life satisfaction in the UK and how does it compare among the various UK
countries?
2) What is the trend in worthwhile in the UK and UK countries since 2012, and what are the
current levels of worthwhile in the UK and how does it compare among the various UK
countries?
3) What is the trend in happiness in the UK and UK countries since 2012, and what are the
current levels of happiness in the UK and how does it compare among the various UK
countries?

4) What is the trend in anxiety in the UK and UK countries since 2012, and what are the current
levels of anxiety in the UK and how does it compare among the various UK countries?
Methodology
Answering the above question will provide information on the overall personal well-being of US
citizens. To evaluate these research questions of interest, secondary data was used. The
secondary data used was the Annual personal well-being estimates dataset obtained from the UK
Office for National Statistics. The link to the dataset is;
personalwellbeing.
The dataset was chosen as it contains data on the personal well-being of individuals in the UK,
and also data on personal well-being of individuals in individual countries of the UK. The actual
data used for the study is found in the appendix below (Frankfort et al, 2020). Calculations
computed to answer the research question of interest were mostly descriptive statistics and
visualizations. Descriptive statistics and visualization would help to explore trends as well as
make comparisons based on the data (Render et al., 2013).
Calculations and Graphs
Life satisfaction in the UK
The first computations carried out was with regards to life satisfaction in the UK. Calculation
involved computation of Mean and standard deviation of average satisfaction for the UK since
2012 and also of individual UK countries. Graphs in the form of trendlines were also made to
show the trend in life satisfaction for the UK and individual UK countries. A pie chart was also

used to show current life satisfaction levels as at 2019-2020 in the UK. The results are as
presented in the figures below.

Average
Standard Deviation

Whole UK
England
Wales
Scotland Northern Ireland
7.60
7.59
7.58
7.64
7.81
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.08
0.13

Figure 1: Descriptive statistics output for life satisfaction from 2012-2020

Figure 2: Trendline for life satisfaction from 2012-2020

Current Life Satisfaction in the UK(2019-2020)

5%
30%

14%

Low
Medium
High
Very High

51%

Figure 3: Current life satisfaction in the UK (2019-2020)
Worthwhile in the UK
Computations were also carried out was with regards to Worthwhile in the UK. Calculation
involved computation of Mean and standard deviation of average worthwhile for the UK since
2012 and also of individual UK countries. Graphs in the form of trendlines were also made to
show the trend in worthwhile for the UK and individual UK countries. A pie chart was also used
to show current worthwhile levels as at 2019-2020 in the UK. The results are as presented in the
figures below.

Average
Standard Deviation

Whole UK England Wales
Scotland Northern Ireland
7.81
7.80
7.80
7.80
8.00
0.08
0.08
0.07
0.07
0.12

Figure 4: Descriptive statistics output for Worthwhile from 2012-2020

Figure 5: Trendline for Worthwhile from 2012-2020

Figure 6: Current Worthwhile in the UK (2019-2020)

Happiness in the UK

Computations carried out was with regards to happiness in the UK. Calculation involved
computation of Mean and standard deviation of happiness for the UK since 2012 and also of
individual UK countries. Graphs in the form of trendlines were also made to show the trend in
happiness for the UK and individual UK countries. A pie chart was also used to show current
happiness levels as at 2019-2020 in the UK. The results are as presented in the figures below.

Average
Standard Deviation

Whole UK England
Wales
Scotland Northern Ireland
7.44
7.44
7.43
7.42
7.65
0.10
0.10
0.08
0.07
0.11

Figure 7: Descriptive statistics output for happiness from 2012-2020

Figure 8: Trendline for Happiness from 2012-2020

Figure 9: Current happiness in the UK (2019-2020)
Anxiety in the UK
Computations carried out was with regards to anxiety in the UK. Calculation involved
computation of Mean and standard deviation of anxiety for the UK since 2012 and also of
individual UK countries. Graphs in the form of trendlines were also made to show the trend in
anxiety for the UK and individual UK countries. A pie chart was also used to show current
anxiety levels as at 2019-2020 in the UK. The results are as presented in the figures below.

Average
Standard Deviation

Whole UK England
Wales
Scotland Northern Ireland
2.95
2.95
2.99
2.92
2.84
0.10
0.10
0.07
0.10
0.19

Figure 10: Descriptive statistics output for anxiety from 2012-2020

Figure 11: Trendline for anxiety from 2012-2020

Figure 12: Current anxiety levels in the UK (2019-2020)

Analysis of Data
In Figure 1, a descriptive table has been created from the table 1 and table 2 while in Figure
2, a trendline has also been created from table 1 and table 2. Based on the descriptive
statistics, it is observed that there are high levels of life satisfaction, about 7.6, in the UK and
countries in the UK. The variation in life satisfaction since 2012 has also been small and
similar in the whole of UK, and also individual countries in the UK. The trendline shows that
there has been a small but gradual rise in life satisfaction since 2012. While trends in life
satisfaction are similar for most UK countries, the trendline of Northern Ireland shows that it
has had higher levels of life satisfaction compared to other countries in the United Kingdom.
Its average life satisfaction is also higher than that of other countries in the UK. In figure3, a
pie chart has been created from table1. The pie chart shows the current life satisfaction levels
in the UK. Based on the pie chart, majority of individuals in the UK, about 81%, have high or
very high life satisfaction with the majority, 51%, having high life satisfaction.
In Figure 4, a descriptive table has been created from the table 3 and table 4 while in Figure
45 a trendline has also been created from table 3 and table 4. Based on the descriptive
statistics, it is observed that there are high levels of worthwhileness, about 7.8, in the UK and
countries in the UK. The variation in worthwhileness since 2012 has also been small and
similar in the whole of UK, and also individual countries in the UK. The trendline shows that
there has been a small but gradual rise in worthwhileness since 2012. While trends in life
satisfaction are similar for most UK countries, the trendline of Northern Ireland shows that it
has had higher levels of worthwhileness compared to other countries in the United Kingdom.
Its average life satisfaction is also higher than that of other countries in the UK. In figure 6, a
pie chart has been created from table 3. The pie chart shows the current worthwhileness

levels in the UK. Based on the pie chart, majority of individuals in the UK, about 84%, have
high or very high worthwhileness with the majority, 48%, having high worthwhileness.
In Figure 7, a descriptive table has been created from the table 5 and table 6 while in Figure
8, a trendline has also been created from table 5 and table 6. Based on the descriptive
statistics, it is observed that there are high levels of happiness, about 7.4, in the UK and
countries in the UK. The variation in happiness since 2012 has also been small and similar in
the whole of UK, and also individual countries in the UK. The trendline shows that there has
been a small but gradual rise in happiness since 2012. While trends in happiness are similar
for most UK countries, the trendline of Northern Ireland shows that it has had higher levels
of happiness compared to other countries in the United Kingdom. Its average happiness is
also higher than that of other countries in the UK. In figure 9, a pie chart has been created
from table 5. The pie chart shows the current happiness levels in the UK. Based on the pie
chart, majority of individuals in the UK, about 75%, have high or very high happiness levels
with the majority, 41%, having high happiness level.
In Figure 10, a descriptive table has been created from the table 7 and table 8 while in Figure
11, a trendline has also been created from table 7 and table 8. Based on the descriptive
statistics, it is observed that there are low anxiety levels, about 2.95, in the UK and countries
in the UK. The variation in anxiety levels since 2012 has also been small and similar in the
whole of UK, and also individual countries in the UK. The trendline shows that there has
been constant anxiety levels since 2012. While trends in anxiety levels are similar for the UK
countries, the trendline of Northern Ireland shows that it has had much lower anxiety levels
compared to other countries in the United Kingdom in the year 2017-2018. Its average
anxiety level is also lower than that of other countries in the UK. In figure 12, a pie chart has

been created from table 7. The pie chart shows the current anxiety levels in the UK. Based on
the pie chart, majority of individuals in the UK, about 61%, have high and medium anxiety
levels with the majority, 38%, having high anxiety levels.
Conclusion
The results show that the majority of individuals in the UK have high levels of personal wellbeing. The happiness level, life satisfaction, and worthwhileness averages are all greater than 7
and majority of individuals, over 75%, have high or very high levels of happiness level, life
satisfaction, and worthwhileness. Anxiety levels are also low, with the average anxiety level
being low with an average of 3. However, current anxiety levels are worrying. The results show
that currently, about 61% of individuals in the UK have high and medium anxiety levels with the
majority, 38% having high anxiety levels. The current trend in anxiety levels is worrying and
may negatively impact on the well-being of individuals in the UK. The trend is that happiness
level, life satisfaction, and worthwhileness have all been on a gradual rise since 2012 showing an
improvement in personal well being of individuals in the UK since 2012. Anxiety levels have
been on a constant with current levels showing a worrying trend. More social policies should
look at how anxiety levels can be lowered. Of note is that individuals from North Ireland have
better personal well being than other individuals in the UK. Other countries should emulate
social policies in North Ireland so as to improve the personal well being of individuals in other
countries in the UK.

References
Annual personal well-being estimates - Office for National Statistics. Ons.gov.uk. (2020).
Retrieved 18 February 2021, from
estimatesofpersonalwellbeing.
Frankfort-Nachmias, C., Leon-Guerrero, A., & Davis, G. (2020). Social statistics for a
diverse society (9th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Render, B., Stair, R., & Hanna, M. (2013). Quantitative Analysis for Management. Pearson
Education UK.

APPENDIX
Life Satisfaction in the UK, year ending March 2012 to year ending March 2020
Mean
Low Medium
Average
0-4
5-6
April 2011 - March 2012
7.42
6.51
17.44
April 2012 - March 2013
7.46
5.71
17.10
April 2013 - March 2014
7.51
5.54
15.92
April 2014 - March 2015
7.61
4.74
14.81
April 2015 - March 2016
7.65
4.56
14.23
April 2016 - March 2017
7.68
4.53
13.76
April 2017 - March 2018
7.69
4.45
13.46
April 2018 - March 2019
7.71
4.37
13.26
April 2019 - March 2020
7.66
4.69
13.83
Source: Annual Population Survey, Office for National Statistics

High Very High
7-8
9 - 10
49.83
26.22
51.15
26.03
51.62
26.92
51.70
28.75
52.05
29.16
51.74
29.97
52.05
30.04
51.64
30.74
51.59
29.89

Table1: Life satisfaction in the UK
Source: ("Annual personal well-being estimates - Office for National Statistics", 2020)

Life Satisfaction for countries in the UK, year ending March 2012 to year ending March 2020

England

Wales

Scotland

Mean
Mean
Mean
Average Average Average
April 2011 - March 2012
7.41
7.40
7.51
April 2012 - March 2013
7.44
7.44
7.53
April 2013 - March 2014
7.50
7.52
7.58
April 2014 - March 2015
7.60
7.56
7.66
April 2015 - March 2016
7.64
7.63
7.68
April 2016 - March 2017
7.67
7.65
7.68
April 2017 - March 2018
7.68
7.69
7.71
April 2018 - March 2019
7.71
7.68
7.69
April 2019 - March 2020
7.66
7.66
7.68
Source: Annual Population Survey, Office for National Statistics

Northern
Ireland
Mean
Average
7.53
7.70
7.73
7.89
7.85
7.88
7.92
7.89
7.86

England
Low
0-4
6.53
5.74
5.58
4.74
4.55
4.51
4.42
4.29
4.68

Medium
5-6
17.59
17.29
16.06
14.93
14.29
13.85
13.60
13.41
13.92

High
7-8
50.01
51.35
51.88
51.92
52.38
51.88
52.28
51.74
51.71

Table2: Life satisfaction for countries in the UK
Source: ("Annual personal well-being estimates - Office for National Statistics", 2020)

Very High
9 - 10
25.87
25.62
26.48
28.41
28.77
29.77
29.70
30.56
29.69

Worthwhile in the UK, year ending March 2012 to year ending March 2020
Mean
Low Medium
Average
0-4
5-6
April 2011 - March 2012
7.67
4.77
15.04
April 2012 - March 2013
7.70
4.34
14.81
April 2013 - March 2014
7.74
4.20
13.93
April 2014 - March 2015
7.82
3.78
12.84
April 2015 - March 2016
7.84
3.62
12.80
April 2016 - March 2017
7.86
3.67
12.30
April 2017 - March 2018
7.88
3.64
12.06
April 2018 - March 2019
7.89
3.66
12.01
April 2019 - March 2020
7.86
3.83
12.04
Source: Annual Population Survey, Office for National Statistics

High Very High
7-8
9 - 10
48.73
31.47
49.46
31.39
49.18
32.69
49.02
34.35
49.21
34.37
48.90
35.13
48.48
35.83
48.27
36.07
48.44
35.69

Table3: Worthwhile in the UK
Source: ("Annual personal well-being estimates - Office for National Statistics", 2020)

Worthwhile for countries in the UK, year ending March 2012 to year ending March 2020

England

Wales

Scotland

Mean
Mean
Mean
Average Average Average
April 2011 - March 2012
7.66
7.71
7.68
April 2012 - March 2013
7.69
7.70
7.70
April 2013 - March 2014
7.74
7.76
7.74
April 2014 - March 2015
7.82
7.78
7.84
April 2015 - March 2016
7.83
7.83
7.82
April 2016 - March 2017
7.86
7.83
7.81
April 2017 - March 2018
7.88
7.88
7.88
April 2018 - March 2019
7.88
7.88
7.86
April 2019 - March 2020
7.86
7.86
7.86
Source: Annual Population Survey, Office for National Statistics

Northern
Ireland
Mean
Average
7.76
7.86
7.98
8.10
8.00
8.08
8.08
8.07
8.05

England
Low
0-4
4.76
4.30
4.20
3.78
3.55
3.64
3.58
3.61
3.81

Medium
5-6
15.14
14.97
14.10
12.93
12.91
12.35
12.18
12.11
12.14

High
7-8
48.88
49.54
49.30
49.13
49.31
48.84
48.66
48.30
48.52

Table4: Worthwhile for countries in the UK
Source: ("Ann...

### Review

Anonymous
Excellent resource! Really helped me get the gist of things.

Studypool
4.7
Indeed
4.5
Sitejabber
4.4