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Research Proposal OUTLINE: How Transition from Slavery to freedom Affected the
A. Before slavery and the slave trade were abolished, the economy of southern states
(southerners) was booming.
B. Southerners depended on free slaves for cotton plantations and other agricultural
C. However, due to the abolition of slavery, which occurred after an immense fight by
proponents of the abolitionist movement, the economy of Southerners was negatively
A. Abolition of slavery and transition from slavery to freedom led to a decline in the Souths'
economy due to the fall in agricultural and industrial outputs, initially produced by
Purpose of the Research Proposal
A. The purpose of this proposal is to examine the economic effects of the abolition of
slavery in Southern states.
Significance of the Topic
This topic is important because it helps people, especially scholars understand the role of
slaves in the economic prosperity of Southern States, and how these states were affected after the
abolition of the slave trade and human labor2.
Kawashima, Masaki. "Slavery and the early development of America." In American History,
Race and the Struggle for Equality, pp. 33-57. Palgrave Macmillan, Singapore, 2017.
Sternhell, Yael. "The Long Emancipation: The Demise of Slavery in the United
States." Journal of Southern History 84, no. 1 (2019): 186-187.
The research questions are as follows:
A. Did the abolition of slavery lead to a reduction in cotton yield that was initially
produced by slaves?
B. Is there a relationship between a decline in cotton production after the Civil War
(1861-1865) with the abolition of slavery?
C. Did the scarcity of forced laborers impact the agricultural activities of
D. How did the decline in cotton yield production impact the economy of
H1. The agricultural yield production declined after the shift from slave labor to freedom
due to a lack of human labor to support agricultural activities.
H2. There is a direct correlation between a fall in cotton production and the ban of
slavery and the slave trade.
H3. Scarcity of forced laborers after freedom was embraced negatively affected the
economy of southerners because there was no manpower to support agriculture and
H4. A decline in cotton yield affected the souths economy because it was the main source
of income. Slave laborers worked in cotton farms.
2. Literature Review
A. A study conducted by Mathisen established that scarcity of cheap labor after the
transition from slave labor to freedom negatively impacted the Southerners’ economy3.
B. Mathisen further indicated the Civil War (1861-1865), abolitionism, and reconstruction
marked the beginning of deep poverty among southerners.
C. Research by Dupont, Brandon, and Rosenbloom found that slavery enabled southerners
to realize impressive profits.
D. Dupont, Brandon, and Rosenbloom argued that shipping and financial companies shy
away from supporting southern farmers after slavery was abolished4.
E. Lowery indicated that the southern economy declined when freedom and free labor were
embraced because slaves’ renting business declined5.
F. Lowery pointed out that the southerners' economy dwindled because the income
generated from supplying slaves for public projects, such as improving waterways,
repairing roads, and building railroads, declined.
G. Helg stated that revenues generated by slave owners by leasing slaves to gristmills,
fishing and fish process, rope factories, and ironworks, plummeted6.
H. Helg further argued that economic pressure triggered by the abolition of the institution of
slavery brought huge economic turbulence to southerners.
Mathisen, Erik. "The second slavery, capitalism, and emancipation in Civil War
America." journal of the civil war era 8, no. 4 (2018): 677-699.
Dupont, Brandon, and Joshua L. Rosenbloom. "The economic origins of the postwar southern
elite." Explorations in Economic History 68 (2018): 119-131.
Lowery, Malinda Maynor. "The Original Southerners: American Indians, the Civil War, and
Confederate Memory " Southern Cultures 25, no. 4 (2019): 16-35.
Helg, Aline. Slave no more: self-liberation before abolitionism in the Americas. UNC Press
I. However, according to Wiecek, it took several years for southerners to regain their lost
3. Research Methods
A. In this proposal, both quantitative and qualitative research methods will be used.
B. Interviews are used because they tend to be flexible, accurate, and sources of first-hand
4. Research Design
A. The research design that will b...