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The meaning of discrimination
Discrimination may be defined as any situation whereby one party is shown favor while
the other one is unfairly despised. It is an unfair exclusion of an individual, or a group of
individuals, a community or an organization because of their beliefs, their abilities or society
from which they are identified. The society today is full of egocentric elements who thrive in
belittling the rest either because they believe that they are the only ones who deserves to be who
they are, or are simply unprepared to embrace diversity and all they want is to create a small
circle for their status quo peers. This may be used to distinguish what it really means to
discriminate as well as what does not. Below are the most common factors which will help in
differentiating between what is discriminatory and non-discriminatory (Thompson, 2016).
Racism and Ethnicity
Race refers to the distinct social groups that each one identifies with. These grouping are
classified as per the regions which they either come from, or are natives. Some of the main races
include: Caucasian, Black, Asian and Hispanic. These social groupings are characterized with
distinctive body features, skin complexion, unique cultures, language and their way of life.
Ethnicity on the other hand borrows heavily from race, only that the groupings are smaller and
more defined. Africa has the highest number of ethnic communities in the world.
Racism and negative ethnicity counts are forms of discrimination because people are
unfairly treated with the basis of the races and the Ethnic groups that they come from. Diversity
is normally the focus point because people from different groups have different features which
make them in one way or the other different. This stands as a factor that people use to segregate
other from their circles. Therefore, cultural diversity is not discrimination, Racism is and
negative ethnicity is (Benjamins, 2013).
Religion and political ideology
Different communities all across the world are either subscribed to one religion or are
Atheists. Religion simply refers to either of the many worship societies the world has. The main
religions are Christianity, Islam, Hindu and Judaism. It is possible that a minority in a
community will be sidelined on the basis of which God the...