Running head: DESCARTES' MEDITATIONS
Cartesian foundationalism and dualism in Descartes’ Mediations
In foundationalism, knowledge is organized in the well-structured architectural edifice. It
is manifested in the Descartes’ Mediations in that; meditations have a destructive component
which Descartes has likened it to the architects’ preparation for foundation laying. Even though
the components do not have a direct analogy to the geometer methods, Descartes hold that the
component is required in metaphysical inquiry. Additionally, foundationalism allows for the
knowledge expansion from the first principles, and so Descartes suggests complementary method
is required so as for people to discover the genuine first principle.
Dualism emphasizes on the fundamental difference existing between the mind and the
matter and so mind, and the brain/body are made of two ontologically different substances.
Descartes argues in the Six Meditation that his thinking mind, as well as his extended body, are
distinct substances. He refers the argument as a doubt argument and believes that a mind is an
indivisible unit. According to Descartes, the whole of the body does not affect the mind, but only
by the brain. For example, an injured hand or leg does not hinder the mind from reasoning.
Impact of the Cartesian worldview
While evaluating the impact of the Cartesian worldview, five major functions are worth
looking at. First, Cartesian gives the explanation of why and how things happen the way they do
and continue to be the same. Secondly, Cartesian serves as an evaluation, judging as well a...