Fundamentals of Criminal Law, assignment help


Question Description

  • Address the following in 600–900 words:
    • Describe the 3 branches of the U.S. federal government.
      • Explain the role of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
      • Why are there three branches of government? Explain.
      • What is the purpose of the concept separation of powers? Explain.
      • What is federalism? Explain.
        • How does this impact the criminal justice system? Explain.
    • With regard to the criminal justice system, explain the roles of the following primary components:
      • Law enforcement
      • Criminal courts
      • Civil courts
      • Corrections
    • Explain the role of each component. Explain how each component is both interdependent and independent.
    • What are the similarities and differences between the federal and state criminal court systems? Explain.
  • Be sure to reference all sources using APA style.

Tutor Answer

Prof Bernes
School: Carnegie Mellon University


Describe the three branches of the U.S federal government?
1. Legislative branch-. This branch includes Congress (the senate and house of
representatives) and there are also other agencies which provide support services to the
congress. Senators and representatives are voted by the American citizens through free
confidential ballots.
(a) Senate- Every senate has two elected senators, in total there are 100 senators. The
senate serve for a term of six years and there’s no limit to the number of terms an
individual can serve.
(b) House of representatives- The number of elected representatives is 435. And they are
divided into 50 states in proportion to their population. There are those who represent
the District of Columbia and their territories who are additional non-voting delegates.
They serve a two- year term and there’s no limit to the number of terms an individual
can serve.
2. The executive- The executive is responsible for carrying out and ensuring that the law is
enforced. The executive includes the president, vice president, the cabinet, executive
departments, independent agencies and other boards, commissions and other committees.
The president and vice president are voted in by the American citizens who have the right
to vote in a free, confidential ballots.
3. Judicial branch- The Judicial branch is comprised of the Supreme court and other Federal
(a) Supreme court- It’s the highest court in the United States. The president nominates the
justices of the supreme court and approved by the senate with at least 51 votes. The


number of justices is decided by the congress. Justices have no fixed terms. They serve
until their death, retirement or removal on exceptional circumstances.
(b) Other Federal courts- The Federal courts are established by the congress who have the
authority accorded to them by the constitution. ( Strauss, P. L, 1984)
The role of the legislative
This branch enacts legislation, it can either confirm or reject the appointments made by
the president and it has the authority to declare war. (Light, P, ...

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