Introduction to Global Studies
McCarty, Philip C.
Global and International Studies
Office hours: Tu 2:00-3:00 pm
Pascal Dafinis, firstname.lastname@example.org
Gvantsa Gasviani, email@example.com
Randy Mengel, firstname.lastname@example.org
Alejandra Rocha, email@example.com
GOALS AND DESCRIPTION:
The first section of the course seeks to answer the questions: What is Global and International Studies?
How is this field different from other disciplines? Why is Global Studies important? This section
introduces students to the basic analytical concepts, methodological strategies, and gives a brief outline of
the substantive issues such as immigration, global climate change, human rights, global inequality and
economic development, that are characteristic of the field.
The second part of the course seeks to re-envision history, typically treated as distinct regional or national
histories and periods, as an integrated and ongoing global history. This re-reading of history focuses on
integrative processes such as long-distance trade, the diffusion of technologies, cultural exchange, the
spread of global religions, conquest, colonialism and empire building. These processes have from the
earliest civilizations tended to increase the social, economic and political interdependence of different
regions, cultures and peoples. The goal of this section is to highlight the important continuities between
historical processes of integration and the ongoing processes of globalization today.
The third part of the course deals with the rise of modernity, and the early-modern, high modern and postmodern periods. Topics include the impact of the sciences, modern ideas of progress and development,
nationalism, democratic revolutions, industrialization, and rise of modern imperialism and consumer
society. The advent of modern warfare, the First World War, the Great Depression, the Second World
War, and decades of decolonization mark the end of the modern period and the transition to the postWWII order that came to be governed by the bilateral logics of the Cold War.
The fourth and final part of the course deals with the post-Cold War period and the broader recognition
that processes of globalization are driving another period of rapid social transformation. The focus is on
contemporary global issues that come out of the earlier historical processes including the post-colonial
condition, inequality, immigration and displacement, global social movements, human rights, global
women’s movements, regional conflict, terrorism, genocide, sectarian violence, climate change and
sustainability. The course ends by examining the tension between the de-globalizing impulses of various
populist nationalism movements around the world and the multilateral impulse toward global governance.
McCarty, Philip. 2018. Integrated Perspectives in Global Studies. San Diego, CA: Cognella.
ISBN: 978-1-5165-3403-6. Please use the Second Newly Revised Edition only.
If you order this text from the publisher Cognella you can download eBook option,
Introduction to Global Studies
For each class session on Tuesdays and Thursdays there is a required reading, a video and a short online
quiz on the Canvas course website. There will also be a series of discussion threads. Additional materials
including optional news articles, videos and links to other web resources are also available on the course
website. Office hours will be held on Zoom.
Discussions (30%): There will be a series of discussion topics on Canvas. You will be required to give a
brief response to the discussion prompt.
Quizzes (40%): Short online quizzes will cover the assigned videos and reading materials for each class
session. You lowest quiz score will be dropped automatically.
Final Paper (30%): The paper assignment will require students to use analytical concepts from course
materials to make their own coherent argument about one or more current global issues. The global issues
to be analyzed will vary from quarter to quarter. Papers should be uploaded on the course website. Please
use msWord or .pdf formats only.
Extra Credit (additional 5%): Students that participate in the course evaluation at the end of class will get
five extra credit points toward their overall grade.
Please be considerate and respectful in class and discussion sections. I encourage active participation but
ask you not to dominate the discussion. Let others speak and let them finish what they have to say without
interruption. Our discussions may touch on sensitive topics such as race, class, gender, sexuality, religion,
inequality, immigration and politics. To have productive discussions about pressing global issues it is
essential that everyone feel welcome to participate and to express opposing views. Learn to talk about
ideas without attacking people. Avoid resorting to gross stereotypes. Racist, sexist, and other hateful
comments will not be tolerated in my class.
Learning, research, and scholarship depend upon an environment of academic integrity and honesty. This
environment can be maintained only when all participants recognize the importance of upholding the
highest ethical standards. All student work, including quizzes, exams, reports, and papers must be the
work of the individual receiving credit. Academic dishonesty includes, for example, cheating on
examinations or any assignment, plagiarism of any kind (including improper citation of sources), having
someone else take an examination or complete an assignment for you (or doing this for someone else), or
any activity in which you represent someone else's work as your own. Violations of academic integrity
will be referred to the Office of Academic Integrity and Student Conduct. The impact on your grade will
be determined by the individual instructor's policies. Please familiarize yourself with UCI's Academic
Integrity Policy (https://aisc.uci.edu/policies/academic-integrity/index.php) and speak to your instructor if
you have any questions about what is and is not allowed in this course.
Introduction to Global Studies
CAMPUS SUPPORT SERVICES
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Learning and Academic Resource Center (LARC)
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UCI is committed to supporting and accommodating students with disabilities. Students with disabilities
are invited to meet with me privately to discuss their needs. If you have questions, please visit the DSC
website or contact them at (949) 824-7494, or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Introduction to Global Studies
Jan 5. Introduction
Please watch the introductory video on the course website.
Jan 7. Global Perspectives
What does it mean to think “globally”? This section introduces the kinds of substantive issues that global
scholars are likely to engage including immigration, global climate change, human rights, global
inequality and economic development, among others. What approaches do global scholars take to global
Required reading: “Introduction” in Integrated Perspectives in Global Studies.
Jan 12. Section 1 Thinking Globally about History
Thinking globally about history means seeing important interconnections between places and periods that
are often understood as separate and unrelated. We start by seeking to answer the questions “When did
globalization begin?” And “How far back can we trace the underlying process of integration that still
drive globalization today?” “What are the similarities and differences between past and present?
Understanding the impact that globalization is having today requires one to contextualize the present in a
deep and complex history of globalization, and learning to see both rapid change and deep historical
Required reading: Section 1 “Thinking Globally about History” in Integrated Perspectives in Global
Jan 14. Section 2 Empires, Religions and Crusades
An exploration of ancient and medieval empires reveals processes of integration such as long-distance
trade along the Silk Road, the diffusion of technologies, cultural exchange, the spread of global religions,
conquest, and empire building. The great empires didn’t appear out of nowhere. They developed at the
crossroads, where cultures of the world encountered each other. As far back as the historical record goes
the processes of integration, often accompanied by conflict and exploitation, have been increasing the
social, economic and political interdependence of different regions, cultures and peoples.
Required reading: Section 2 “Empires and Crusades” in Integrated Perspectives in Global Studies.
Jan 19. Section 3 Early World Trade and Colonialism
The focus is on connections between the rise of transoceanic trade, the conquest of the new world, and the
spread of slavery and colonialism in the early modern period. Over the course of four centuries European
colonial powers subjugated much of the world and gained access to raw mineral wealth, agricultural
lands, as well as cheap foreign and slave labor. These resources produced enormously valuable
Introduction to Global Studies
commodities such as sugar, flax, wheat, cotton, and rubber. The relationship between domination and
resource extraction seen in the colonial period persists, carrying forward into the industrial revolution,
modern imperialism, the development paradigm, and the ongoing divide between the global north and
Required reading: Section 3 “World Trade and Colonialism” in Integrated Perspectives in Global Studies.
Jan 21. Section 4 The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment
Focuses on the transition from medieval to modern society. As the natural sciences began to make
important advances in agriculture, medicine, physics and chemistry, these successes encouraged
Enlightenment ideas such as humanism, individualism, individual rights, progress and development, that
would become cornerstones of modernity and capitalism. Increasingly secular societies began to rely less
on traditional forms of authority, religions and divine monarchs for their salvation in the afterlife, and
more on human reason, science, empirical evidence, debate and criticism, and self-government to
improve their lives in this world. The result was profound changes in understandings of the nature of the
individual, the purpose of society, and of the role of the individual in society.
Required reading: Section 4 “Science and Enlightenment” in Integrated Perspectives in Global Studies.
Jan 26. Section 5 Nationalism and Democratic Revolutions
Following the Thirty Years War and the Treaties of Westphalia, Enlightenment ideas began to ignite
political upheavals that eventually dethroned the ancient monarchies and replaced them with modern
democratic nation-states. The nation-state became the primary political unit of a Westphalian
international order that would govern international relations for the next 300 years. The inherent
instability of a system built on intense international competition, and the rise of competing economic
ideologies, combined to create major conflicts that have cyclically rocked the international order since its
inception. In the current moment, globalization appears to be further destabilizing the geopolitical order.
Required reading: Section 5 “Nationalism and Democratic Revolutions” in Integrated Perspectives in
Jan 28. Section 6 Capitalism and the Industrial Revolution
In the early 1800s the Industrial Revolution began transforming the lives of millions of Europeans. The
relatively rapid transition from agrarian society to modern industrial society was the single most profound
change in the social order since the agricultural revolution some 10,000 years before. The result was an
industrial, urban, capitalist and consumer society that was in many ways nearly unrecognizable to
previous generations of farmers. It is important to recognize that the Industrial Revolution never ended.
All around the world today billions of people are still experiencing the upheaval that goes with
industrialization and urbanization.
Required reading: Section 6 “Capitalism and the Industrial Revolution” in Integrated Perspectives in
Introduction to Global Studies
Feb 2. Section 7 Modern Empires and Imperialism
Over a relatively short period, from about 1830 to 1914, the newly industrialized powers of Europe began
to dominate the world in ways that 400 years of colonialism had not. The period includes the “Great
Game” in Afghanistan and Central Asia, the “Scramble for Africa,” and the “Open Door” policy in China.
In 1914, after decades of reckless expansionism that massacred of millions of non-Europeans, the
industrial powers of Europe turned on each other. The Great War that followed was only the beginning.
Required reading: Section 7 “Modern Imperialism” in Integrated Perspectives in Global Studies.
Feb 4. Section 8 Modern Warfare: Industrial and Ideological
The advent of modern warfare in the First World War began a period of transition that led to profound
changes in the geo-political order. The Bolshevik Revolution and communism, the Great Depression, the
rise of fascism, and the Second World War changed the nature of warfare, its goals, means and meaning.
The societies that waged those wars were also profoundly changed. The end of World War II, marked as
it was by the horrors of the holocaust and nuclear war, signaled the beginning of the nuclear age, the
formation of the United Nations, decades of decolonization, and what came to be called the postmodern
Required reading: Section 8 “Modern Warfare: Industrial and Ideological” in Integrated Perspectives in
Feb 9. Section 9 Multilateralism and Human Rights
Focuses on two impulses coming out of WWII. The first is the push for international cooperation as seen
in Bretton Woods, the United Nations, the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials, establishment of universal human
rights, and multilateral policies supporting economic development. The second is a contradictory impulse,
the bilateral tension between capitalism and communism. The bilateral logic of the Cold War undermined
concerns for human rights, multilateralism, economic development, and dominated the post WWII
geopolitical order for 40 years.
Required reading: Section 9 “Universalizing Human Rights” in Integrated Perspectives in Global Studies.
Feb 11. Section 10 Decolonization, the Third World and Postcolonialism
The violent processes of colonization and decolonization shaped the map as we know it. They also set up
lasting struggles that still reverberate in our daily headlines. In the span of three decades, more than 100
former colonies became independent nations, tripling the membership of the United Nations. The
decolonized countries became known as the Third World. The ideological conflict driving the Cold War,
the failure of post-WWII development policies, and the impacts of neo-liberal globalization, left the
majority of the world’s population still living in a world apart, underdeveloped, without effective
representation in world affairs, subject to new forms of neo-imperialism, and with little hope of ever
joining the First World.
Required reading: Section 10 “Decolonization, Postcolonialism, and the Third World” in Integrated
Perspectives in Global Studies.
Introduction to Global Studies
Feb 16. Section 11 Feminism and Global Women’s Movements
This section traces the history of feminist thought beginning with the Enlightenment and the abolitionist
and suffrage movements. Tracks changing women’s issues through first, second and third wave feminism,
touching on standpoint and intersectional theories. Taking the analysis into the post-colonial context
reveals that all three waves of feminism are still impacting huge portions of the world’s population, and
focuses students’ attention on the largely overlooked role that women play in economic development. An
analysis of global women’s movements highlights the crucial role that women play in the struggle for
human rights, democracy, equality, peace, health, education, community and sustainable development.
Required reading: Section 11 “Feminism and Global Women’s Movements” in Integrated Perspectives in
Feb 18. Section 12 Environmentalism and the Blue Planet
Traces the development of environmental thought from earliest days of the Industrial Revolution. Early
ideas of conservation in the late 1800s and early 1900 focused on effective use and management of
natural resources. The post-WWII period of the 1960s and 1970s saw the rise of preservation movements
focused less on effective use and more on the protection and survival of key species and ecological
systems. More contemporary concerns around the limits of natural resources and climate change focus
attention on biodiversity, longer-term sustainability, and the survival of all species, including our own.
Required reading: Section 12 “Environmentalism and the Blue Planet” in Integrated Perspectives in
Feb 23. Section 13 NGOs, Social Movements and Civil Societies
Drawing on Habermas’ concept of national public spheres, this section asks, “Is there a global public
sphere?” Do the multiple social movements around issues such as human rights, women’s rights and
democratization, supported by economic globalization, the proliferation of international civil society
organizations, and new forms of social media, create a transnational space where independent public
debate can influence world affairs? Examples such as the anti-apartheid, anti-sweatshop, Arab Spring
movements, and WikiLeaks are used to explore the possibilities and limitations for global public action.
Required reading: Section 13 “NGOs and Civil Societies” in Integrated Perspectives in Global Studies.
Feb 25. Section 14 The Cold War and the "Clash of Civilizations"
As happened at the end of WWII, the end of the Cold War and the Fall of the Berlin Wall brought a brief
period of hope for multilateral cooperation and progress on issues such as Third World debt relief and the
AIDS epidemic. Once again multilateral cooperation was soon overwhelmed by new divisions, civil wars,
regional conflict, ethnic cleansing and genocide. Samuel Huntington’s “clash of civilizations” thesis was
an early attempt to explain the new dynamics of regional conflict, non-state and sectarian violence.
Huntington envisioned, and may have helped shape, a new world order riven by new kinds of conflict that
undermine efforts towards multilateral cooperation.
Required reading: Section 14 “The ‘Clash of Civilizations’” in Integrated Perspectives in Global Studies.
Introduction to Global Studies
March 2. Section 15 Terror and Torture
Along with contemporary processes of globalization, the world is experiencing new threats and new
forms of conflict involving non-state and shadow-state actors that include terrorist groups, drug cartels,
mercenary warlords, sectarian violence, ethnic cleansing and genocide. The “War on Drugs” and
subsequent “War on Terror” marked a shift in US policy away from multilateral and bilateral security
policies toward more unilateral and even preemptive responses. Following suit, other countries have
begun to act more unilaterally and preemptively, bypassing the United Nations Security Council, ignoring
human rights and international law for their own purposes.
Required reading: Section 15 “Terror and Torture” in Integrated Perspectives in Global Studies.
March 4. Section 16 Global Inequalities
Focuses on the impact of structural inequality at home and abroad. Includes factors such as race, ethnicity,
class, gender, sexuality, religion, nationality, education and access to health care, immigration status and
language. The factors that divide rich and poor within nations also divide the wealthiest countries from
the poorest, colonizer from colonized, First and Third Worlds, the G20 nations from the G174 developing
nations, the global north from south. Special attention is given to examples where poverty, disease,
discrimination and violence intersect.
Required reading: Section 16 “Global Inequality” in Integrated Perspectives in Global Studies.
March 9. Section 17 Global Governance
Contemporary global issues present new kinds of challenges that call for new kinds of global solutions.
Since WWII the United States has played a leading role in developing systems of shared governance at
the United Nations, World Bank, WTO, NATO, the European Union and beyond. However, in recent
years the United States has shifted its policies rather dramatically toward unilateral action. There are
increasing tensions between the need for shared governance and the de-globalizing impulses of populist
nationalism that seek to withdraw from international commitments. What are the current effects and
possible outcomes of these opposing impulses?
Required reading: Section 17 “Global Governance” in Integrated Perspectives in Global Studies.
March 11. Course Review and Closing Comments
A brief review of the materials covered in the course. Discussion of the final paper assignment. Students
are encouraged to participate in formal course evaluations.
Extra Credit (additional 5%): Look for an email from the school about course evaluations in the last
weeks of class. Course evaluations are anonymous. Students that participate in the course evaluation at
the end of class will get five extra-credit points toward their overall grade.
FINAL ASSIGNMENT DUE
The final paper assignment is due online on Tuesday March 16th by 5 pm.
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