MGT 325 SEU Management of Technology Innovating in India Case Study Questions

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MGT 325

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MGT 325



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College of Administrative and Financial Sciences MGT325: Management of Technology Assignment 1 Deadline: 06/03/2020 @ 23:59 Course Name: Management of Technology Student’s Name: Course Code:MGT325 Student’s ID Number: Semester: 2nd CRN: Academic Year: 2020-2021 For Instructor’s Use only Instructor’s Name: Students’ Grade: Marks Obtained/Out of Level of Marks: High/Middle/Low Instructions – PLEASE READ THEM CAREFULLY • The Assignment must be submitted on Blackboard (WORD format only) via allocated folder. • Assignments submitted through email will not be accepted. • Students are advised to make their work clear and well presented, marks may be reduced for poor presentation. This includes filling your information on the cover page. • Students must mention question number clearly in their answer. • Late submission will NOT be accepted. • Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions. • All answered must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism). • Submissions without this cover page will NOT be accepted. Course Learning Outcomes-Covered Demonstrate the dynamics of technological innovation concepts in technologyintensive business enterprises. (Lo 1.1) Case Study Weight: 5 Marks Students are supposed to read the Opening Case of Chapter-3 ‘Innovation in India: The Chotukool Project’ (Page Number-43) of their e-textbook. Based on your understanding of the case and concepts studied until now answer the following question in 300-500 words each. QUESTIONS 1. What were the pros and cons of attempting to develop a refrigerator for India’s rural poor? (1 marks) 2. What product and process innovations did the Chotukool entail? Would you consider these incremental or radical? Architectural or Component Competence enhancing or competence destroying? (1 marks) 3. Did the Chotukool pose a threat of disrupting the traditional refrigerator market? Why or why not? (1 marks) 4. Is there anything you think Godrej should have done differently to penetrate the market of rural poor families in India? (1 marks) 5. What other products might the lessons Godrej learned which chotukool apply to? (1 marks) Note: It is mandatory to support each answer with at least two scholarly, peerreviewed journal. Directions: All students are encouraged to use their own words. Be three to five pages in length (1000-1500words), which does not include the title page, abstract or required reference page, which are never a part of the content minimum requirements. Use Saudi Electronic University academic writing standards and APA style guidelines. Use proper referencing (APA style) to reference, other styles will not be accepted. Support your submission with course material concepts, principles, and theories from the textbook and at least two scholarly, peer-reviewed journal articles unless the assignment calls for more. It is strongly encouraged that you submit all assignments into the safe assignment Originality Check prior to submitting it to your instructor for grading and review the grading rubric to understand how you will be graded for this assignment. Answer: 1 Pros and cons of innovation in the rural areas Innovation in any term is a change that may not easy to introduced among the people especially in the rural areas. The rural areas are not equipped with the living facilities like electricity and loving standards of people are very low. The idea of making innovative refrigerator was little bit risky (Sony, 2020). 1.1 Pros of innovation It was an adorable innovation for the Indian rural areas because of its low cost. The objective maximization objective may earn by expending consumer market for the product. The Indian rural area is a big consumer market based on the stores so the market expansion was high for the refrigerator. It was portable refrigerator and needs less space for the installation so it is better for the rural area. Its unique and low risk strategy makes it better for the remote rural areas. The diffusion among consumer has gain the competitive edge to the firm as they translate idea of making the better life of rural area (Rothaermel, 2010). 1.2 Cons of innovation in the rural area The innovation is always give way to the new routes and it is made for customer’s attention. The innovations are advantageous for improving the life standard of people (Bloom, 2019). The Godrej has made the refrigerator for the rural areas but it did not meet the actual expectation of the firm. people of rural area in India are living under the poverty line as they are unable to manage their livelihood the pricing of $50 was very expensive for them. People are habitual of living with the difficulties and they did not accept the innovative change as happened in Indian rural area. The customer’s response was not a much appreciated in that areas it shows that the segmentation was not correctly done by the team. The objective of profit maximization was unable to achieve by introducing innovative refrigeration in the Indian rural area as the people are much familiar with the refrigerator as their living style did not match this innovation attempt. Although this was a low cost innovation but still needs to have an expected return on investment and the firm was unable to gain the profitable outcome of the innovation in the Indian area. 2 Product process of Chutkool for target market Innovation is an ongoing process for any firm whether in distribution product pr introducing a process. The product or process innovations are stated as the positive change for making customer familiar with the new and advanced technology. Technology innovation brings positive change in the life of targeted market (Kumar, 2018). In case of Chutkool the product innovation entails positive factors for the life of people living under poverty line. They are unable to afford the traditional refrigerator due to the financial and electricity hazards but eh low cost and low electricity factors of the refrigerators are motivational and inspirational segments for the people. In addition to this, in remote areas people instead of staying in the houses spend their time in farms so they can easily take their refrigerator with them at the workplace and this is one the biggest factor for adapting the technology innovation by rural people. 2.1 Incremental factors for the Chutkool The incremental factors of any product are those factors that increase its demand in any targeted market and improve the financial projection for meeting the profit maximization objectives. The innovation is considered to be a positive factor for the firm. The technology innovation is unpredictable still before the launch (Lennerts, 2020). The actual situation always portrayed after the technology is installed among the targeted area. In the case of refrigerator innovation in rural Indian areas firm face both outcomes negative as well as positive. The overall positive and incremental aspects are more than the negative radical factors. In my view the refrigerators entails are innovative for the firm and it is the incremental addition due to the positive factors. In rural areas people are facing the main electricity issues due to w=that traditional refrigerators are unable to perform and the main aim of people for keeping their product fresh is not fulfilled. The Chutkool refrigerator designed to perform with low electricity and this is the actual requirement of stores those facilitating the customer with the cold drinks. The other incremental factor is the specialty of being remote and easily accessible at any point as the little cooler. Moreover, the portable access to light is the best innovative aspect of this product. 2.2 Architectural Competence The architectural competence is the ability of any product for functioning effectively with perfection. Furthermore, the architectural competences increase the competitive edge for the firm. In case of the refrigerator the innovative aspects are stated as the architectural competence although it is not acceptable by the people due to financial discrepancies but the overall changes made by the team are appreciating for increasing the life standards of the rural area’s people. It further increases the consumer market for the firm as people in stores adopted this refrigerator due to architectural components. This is the successful innovation for the firm and it is not unbeatable by the traditional refrigerator makers. They are unable to compete this in the target market (Bouncken, 2018). 3 Effect of Chutkool on traditional refrigerator Technology trajectory refers to the continuous changes in the technology market for increasing the functional capability of any product. The new technology trajectories are done for better and improved product innovation and it replaces the already penetrated product in the market or diverts the consumer mind. The innovative products are highly demanded in the market. People love to go for using the different and new product for their easiness. For instance the high voltage traditional refrigerators are replaced by the low voltage converter refrigerators. The innovative process and product design attracts the customer and mostly are of high demand. Technology trajectory is mostly accepted by the people but it depends on the customer awareness. In case of Chutkool as per my opinion did not pose threat for the traditional refrigerator (Kobarg, 2019). The traditional refrigerator is unable to move anywhere and needs specific and high electricity for functioning accurately. In opposing to this Chutkool is a converter that needs 120 volts for being functional anywhere and it is portable. This is made for the limited target market of India and not for the commercial uses. In my view it did not disrupt the refrigerator demand. The refrigerator is good for the commercial use, store, flowers and hotels. The urban people those can bear the electricity bill and have good electricity flow are able to use refrigerator and they are continually using it. The portable refrigerators are mad for the rural areas so this did not affect the traditional refrigerator’s market. This is the small and looks like a cooler and the traditional refrigerators are sophisticated in look and gave a better look to the house especially in urban areas so they would refer the traditional refrigerator as per their demand of living. Financial attributes makes the standards of living and this is one of the main reason target urban people especially in the restaurants people need the sophisticated traditional refrigerators. 4 Market penetration strategy The market penetration is strategy that helps the firm to enter in the new market with different or same product. The market penetration needs an in-depth analysis of price, demand, familiarity, living standards and awareness about the advantages of any product that needs to be launched in the market. It occurred in different ways for attracting customers and the best way is the promotional efforts that created awareness among the people. This will acknowledged people about the specification of any product and their advantage for improving their life. Pricing strategy helps the firm in maintaining the image by declining the price of other product so many people can reach them for purchasing (Tanusondjaja, 2018). Acquisition with competitors is another way of market penetration that would be helpful for the Godrej for the customer attention. Market penetration is the best source of acquiring the customer from the new or existing market (Chen, 2019). The word of mouth is one of the best strategies that could be used by the Godrej but in case of penetration in the rural market it is not as much effective. Godrej is a well known firm that already has a name in overall Indian market. The firm has already used three different strategies but they are ineffective to some extent. The word of mouth strategy has been used but the selection of hired people was wrong. The firm needs to focus on local people those knew to create awareness among the local people. The Godrej needs to use the pricing and product penetration with good promotional efforts. The market price of refrigerator is very low so they need to facilitate the main store of targeted rural area where the customer intensity is high. They need to facilitate the store with free refrigerator initially for increasing the awareness. Some of the local people need to be hired for changing mind map of the customer thinking about the new specification of the refrigerator. The strategy of choosing local post office is not as much effective because not many people went there for receiving the mails. The religious temples are the places that could be use for displaying the little refrigerator. This investment would be of great importance for the firm. Furthermore, rethinking about the pricing strategy is important for the firm because it has been analyzed that poor people have no concerned with the color and size but the prices are the actual threat for the new product entry in the rural area. 5 Others things to learn from Chutkool Profit maximization and customer attraction are the two basic objectives of the firm for entering in the new market. Firms entered in the rural market with new things but they need to understand first about the relationship between profit maximization and the living standard of the people for those technology innovation is portrayed (Agmon, 2021). It has been analyzed from the Chutkool experience that firm has to focus on the living standards as they know but the wrongly estimate the pricing. They need to learn that financial aspects are the main threat for any rural market they are living in rural area because of less financial resources and they are unable to fulfill their daily needs. Although the price of refrigerators was very low but still tit is an expensive product for the rural people because they are unable to earn and they think the purchasing of refrigerator is a luxurious decision. Another thing that is lacking in the case is the estimation of demand and supply. The firm is lacking in analyzing the demand of refrigerator in the rural area. Price, demand and supply has strong relation with each other. The demand of refrigerator is very low in the rural area where loving standard is not much higher or just average (Hamwi, 2021). They are happy without the luxurious products and just focus on availing the products that are important for survival. The refrigerator is not the product important for life as per them as they have alternatives for this. The accurate demand estimation was highly lacking in the case. Chutkool further needs to know that only lowering prices is not the way of entering in the new market but the accurate market analysis is also required for being the product successful. They only think that it is the rural market so the lowering prices would successfully functional bit they underestimate the macroeconomic factors like employment and inflation. They ne to analyze the rate of employment helps in analyzing that whether people have any motivation for improving their living standards. 6 References Agmon, T. (2021). The new distributed digital technology world trade and MNEs: another step in the inventive process. European Journal of International Management , 15(1), 135-145. Bloom, N. V. (2019). A toolkit of policies to promote innovation. . Journal of Economic Perspectives, , 33(3), 163-84. Bouncken, R. B. (2018). Coopetition in new product development alliances: advantages and tensions for incremental and radical innovation. British Journal of Management , 29(3), 391-410. Chen, L. S. (2019). The international penetration of ibusiness firms: Network effects, liabilities of outsidership and country clout. Journal of International Business Studies , 50(2), 172-192. Hamwi, M. L. (2021). Demand response business model canvas: A tool for flexibility creation in the electricity markets. Journal of Cleaner Production , 282, 124539. Kobarg, S. S.-W. (2019). More is not always better: Effects of collaboration breadth and depth on radical and incremental innovation performance at the project level. Research Policy , 48(1), 1-10. Kumar, K. N. (2018). Virtual energy storage capacity estimation using ANN-based kWh modelling of refrigerators. IET Smart Grid , 1(2), 31-39. Lennerts, S. S. (2020). The asymmetric effects of exploitation and exploration on radical and incremental innovation performance: An uneven affair. European Management Journal , 38(1), 121134. Rothaermel, F. &. (2010). Innovation strategies combined. MIT Sloan Management Review , 51(3), 13. Sony, M. (2020). Pros and cons of implementing Industry 4.0 for the organizations: a review and synthesis of evidence. Production & Manufacturing Research , 8(1), 244-272. Tanusondjaja, A. N.-T. (2018). Portfolios: Patterns in brand penetration, market share, and hero product variants. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, , 41, 211-217.
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Management of Technology
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Management of Technology
1. Pros and cons of innovation in the rural areas
Innovation is a new method, idea, product based on a less advanced-original version. In the rural
areas, innovation doesn't arouse a lot of interest amongst investors considering the village's
constraints. Power shortages, poor transport and communication network connections. In terms
of adopting technologies, the rural areas normally tend to be laggards (Muzurura & Chigora,
2019). The idea of making an innovative refrigerator was a little bit risky. The concept of
innovative refrigerators in rural areas is propelled by the urge to raise living standards while
minimizing cost at the same time.
The Indian rural area is a big consumer market based on the stores, so the refrigerator's market
expansion was high. Its portability, size, and multipurpose nature are easily adoptable by the
Indian rural community (Dholakia, Dholakia & Chattopadhyay, 2018). Furthermore, its unique
and low-risk strategy makes it better for remote rural areas. The diffusion among consumers has
gained the competitive edge to the firm as they translate the idea of making a rural area's better
life. The innovation may not have been 100% successful due to the low living standards of
ruralites. The total expenditure is $1 per day below the economic level. Since the innovative
refrigerator cost is $50, hypothetically speaking, the ruralites will have to strain financially to
acquire a unit of the product. Customers who had got used to the hardship- way of life were not
welcome to change or instead adopt the new technology even though it was affordable. Although
this was a low-cost innovation, it still needs to have an expected return on investment. The firm
was unable to gain the profitable outcome of the innovation in the Indian area.
2. Product process of Chutkool for target market


Innovation is a continuous process for any firm, right from production to distribution to the
consumers. Technology innovation has had a positive impact on the life of the targeted market.
In the case of Chutkool, product innovation entails increased living lifestyle standards for the
lives of people living under the pove...

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