World Religions Questions

Nov 25th, 2014
KateS
Category:
Political Science
Price: $60 USD

Question description

2. Hinduism in India or Roman Catholicism in Spain

fall into which of the following types?

a. Church

b. Sect

c. Cult

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

3. The Amish or Jehovah’s Witnesses fall into which

of the following types?

a. Church

b. Sect

c. Cult

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

4. Religious groups that combine separation from

society with new ideas and an emphasis on mystical

experience fall into which religious types?

a. Church

b. Sect

c. Cult

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above

5. Which approach to the study of religion fits in with

the time concept and Western ideas?

a. Phenomenological approach

b. Historical approach

c. Critical approach

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

6. An individual who has gained mastery over spirits

and who knows the paths of the dead by means of

a great initiatory experience is called a _______.

a. Priest

b. Shaman

c. Diviner

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

7. Polytheism reached an apex during which period?

a. Hunting and gathering religion

b. Agricultural religion

c. Ancient empires

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

8. The human custodian of spiritual power, the shaman,

is most important during which period?

a. Hunting and gathering religion

b. Agricultural religion

c. Ancient empires

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

9. The earth goddess grew most in significance and

was worshiped as a principal deity during which

period?

a. Hunting and gathering religion

b. Agricultural religion

c. Ancient empires

d. All of the above

e. None of the aboveFinal Examination

10. The possibility of different absolute truths existing

simultaneously (Dalai Lama) is an expression of

_______.

a. Liberalism

b. Modernism

c. Postmodernism

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

11. Which of the following characterize the soul?

a. Separable part of yourself

b. Undying

c. Widespread in the world

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

12. Which of the following is a city in India?

a. Delhi

b. Bombay

c. Calcutta

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

13. One’s place in Hindu society is called _______.

a. Rita

b. Karma

c. Caste

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

14. The cosmic order is called _______.

a. Rita

b. Karma

c. Caste

d. All of the above

e. None of the aboveFinal Examination

15. Dharma imposed personal retribution and reward

through _______.

a. Rita

b. Karma

c. Caste

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

16. According to the Laws of Manu, the basic end of

man which is pleasure is called _______.

a. Kama

b. Artha

c. Dharma

d. Nirvana

e. None of the above

17. According to the Laws of Manu, the basic end of

man which is liberation is called _______.

a. Kama

b. Artha

c. Moksha

d. Nirvana

e. None of the above

18. According to the Laws of Manu, the basic end of

man which is righteousness is called _______.

a. Kama

b. Artha

c. Dharma

d. Nirvana

e. None of the aboveFinal Examination

19. According to the Laws of Manu, the basic end of

man which is gain is called _______.

a. Kama

b. Artha

c. Dharma

d. Nirvana

e. None of the above

20. The sets of songs and chants for auxiliary groups

of priests and charms from the Vedas are called

_______.

a. Sama Veda

b. Yajur Veda

c. Artharva Veda

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

21. The “Books of the Forest Schools” are _______.

a. Brahamans

b. Aranyakas

c. Upanishads

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

22. The commentaries on the Vedas are _______.

a. Brahamans

b. Aranyakas

c. Upanishads

d. All of the above

e. None of the aboveFinal Examination

23. Jainism was founded by _______.

a. Siddhartha Gautama

b. Mahavira

c. Ashoka

d. Guru Nanak

e. None of the above

24. Buddhism was founded by _______.

a. Siddhartha Gautama

b. Mahavira

c. Ashoka

d. Guru Nanak

e. None of the above

25. Which is the correct listing of castes/varnas, from

highest to lowest rank?

a. Brahmins, Vaisyas, Kshatriyas, Shudras.

b. Brahmins, Shudras, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas.

c. Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas, Shudras.

d. Kshatriyas, Shudras, Vaisyas, Brahmins.

e. None of the above.

26. According to the Yoga Sutras, the first limbs are

positive and negative moral rules called _______.

a. yama and niyama

b. siddhis and dharmana

c. asana and pranayama

d. pratyahara and dhyana

e. None of the above

27. According to the Yoga Sutras, posture and breath

control are called _______.

a. asana and pranayama

b. siddhis and dharmana

c. yama and niyama

d. pratyahara and dhyana

e. None of the aboveFinal Examination

28. Krishna teaches Prince Arjuna the secret of

_______.

a. Jnana-yoga

b. Bhakti-yoga

c. Karma-yoga

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

29. The Three Refuges takes refuge in _______.

a. Buddha

b. Dharma

c. Samgha

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

30. What is Nirvana?

a. Being with Buddha in the Pure Land.

b. What you experience after solving a koan.

c. Great Western Paradise.

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

31. Vajrayana can be characterized by _______.

a. Known as the Thunderbolt Vessel

b. Found in Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, and Mongolia

c. Known as the Diamond Vessel

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

32. In Vajrayana thought, the dharmakaya is made

equivalent to _______.

a. Paramitas

b. Prajna

c. Prajnaparamita

d. All of the above

e. None of the aboveFinal Examination

33. Who brought the Chan tradition of Buddhism to

China?

a. Upali

b. Kashyapa

c. Bodhidharma

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

34. Shinto gods are known as _______.

a. Torii

b. Kami

c. Matsuri

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

35. Which of the following is an offering at a Shinto

shrine?

a. Torii

b. Kami

c. Matsuri

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

36. What is a Shinto shrine festival called?

a. Torii

b. Kami

c. Matsuri

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

37. The Five Books or Confucian Classics include

_______.

a. The Great Learning

b. The Analects

c. The Mean

d. All of the above

e. None of the aboveFinal Examination

38. In Confucian thought, the Superior Man is called

_______.

a. Li

b. Ren

c. Jun-zi

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

39. In Confucian thought, what term indicates rites,

proper conduct, ceremonies, courtesy, and doing

things the right way?

a. Li

b. Ren

c. Jun-zi

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

40. Society for Confucius was founded on _______.

a. Filial Piety

b. The rectification of names

c. The five relationships

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

41. The Cornerstone relationship among the Five

Relationships is _______.

a. Ruler-Subject

b. Father-Son

c. Husband-Wife

d. Elder-Younger Brother

e. Friend-FriendFinal Examination

42. Filal Piety characterizes which of the following

Five Relationships?

a. Ruler-Subject

b. Father-Son

c. Husband-Wife

d. Elder-Younger Brother

e. Friend-Friend

43. Which of the following is a Confucian Philosopher?

a. Xunzi

b. Mencius

c. Dong Zhongshu

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

44. Which of the following held that human nature is

basically good and is only impeded by an evil

social environment?

a. Xunzi

b. Mencius

c. Dong Zhongshu

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

45. Which of the following said that man is basically

evil in the sense of being self-centered and need

education and social control to become good?

a. Xunzi

b. Mencius

c. Dong Zhongshu

d. All of the above

e. None of the aboveFinal Examination

46. According to Confucian tradition, which of the following

wrote part of and edited all of the Five

Books?

a. Xunzi

b. Mencius

c. Dong Zhongshu

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

47. Which of the following religions believes that ultimate

reality consists of the Great Way down which

the universe moves?

a. Confucianism

b. Daoism/Taoism

c. Shintoism

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

48. Which of the following religions believes that what

is expected of humans is: to live spontaneously

and close to nature and in more formal systems to

meditate and perform rites that draw on close to

gods and immortals?

a. Confucianism

b. Daoism/Taoism

c. Shintoism

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

49. Which religious founder was known as the “Old

Man” and left China on a water buffalo towards

Tibet?

a. Siddhartha

b. Confucius

c. Laozi

d. All of the above

e. None of the aboveFinal Examination

50. Which of the following books did Laozi write?

a. Baopuzi

b. The Great Learning

c. Dao de jing

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

51. The first and greatest of subsequent Daoist writers

is _______.

a. Guo Xiang

b. Baopuzi

c. Ge Hong

d. Zhuangzi

e. All of the above

52. Which of the following are Daoist writers?

a. Guo Xiang

b. Laozi

c. Ge Hong

d. Zhuangzi

e. All of the above

53. Which of the following writings had Outer and

Inner parts?

a. The Dao de jing

b. The Baopuzi

c. The Zhuangzi

d. The Yi Jing

e. All of the above

54. Wu-Wei stands for _______.

a. being or doing

b. nonbeing or not doing

c. being or not doing

d. nonbeing or doing

e. None of the aboveFinal Examination

55. The supreme deity in religious Daoism is _______.

a. The Jade Emperor

b. Laozi

c. The Yellow Emperor

d. The Mother Goddess

e. None of the above

56. In Daoism, which of the following lives in ShangriLa?

a. The Jade Emperor

b. Laozi

c. The Yellow Emperor

d. The Mother Goddess

e. None of the above

57. Who wrote the analects for women?

a. Ch’eng

b. Pan Chao

c. Sung Jochao

d. Lui Hsian

e. None of the above

58. In Shinto, the symbolic dwelling place of the kami

is called _______.

a. Shintai

b. Gohei

c. Haiden

d. Heiden

e. Honden

59. What is the name of the God Abraham worshiped?

a. Ashtoreth

b. Tammuz

c. Sin

d. All of the above

e. None of the aboveFinal Examination

60. In Mesopotamia, the dying-rising vegetation god is

called _______.

a. Ashtoreth

b. Tammuz

c. Sin

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

61. Among the Hebrews, the nonpriestly spiritual leaders

are called _______.

a. Levites

b. Scribes

c. Prophets

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

62. Which of the following were in the Garden of Eden?

a. Cain and Abel

b. Abraham and Sarah

c. Adam and Eve

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

63. Which of the following Hebrew Kings built the first

temple?

a. Saul

b. Solomon

c. David

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

64. Which people took Jerusalem and destroyed the

Temple, carrying many off into exile?

a. Babylon

b. Egypt

c. Persia

d. All of the above

e. None of the aboveFinal Examination

65. Who conquered the Persian Empire?

a. Alexander the Great

b. Ptolemy

c. Antiochus IV

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

66. Which of the following teaches the full following of

the law or Torah and are very traditional in

Talmudic scholarship, theology, forms of festival

and worship?

a. Reform

b. Conservative

c. Reconstructionist

d. Orthodox

e. Messianic Jewish Alliance.

67. Which of the following takes the Law seriously as a

guide to life but believes that its provisions can

and should be adjusted to suit the conditions of

modern living?

a. Reform.

b. Conservative.

c. Reconstructionist.

d. Orthodox.

e. Messianic Jewish Alliance.

68. Which of the following had the “I-Thou” relationship

as a key concept of his thinking?

a. Franz Rosenzweig

b. Martin Buber

c. Abraham Joshua Heschel

d. All of the above

e. None of the aboveFinal Examination

69. The Jewish marital settlement is called _______.

a. Niddah

b. Ketubah

c. Agunah

d. Shekhinah

e. Chuppa

70. Jesus’ chief disciple was _______.

a. Pontius Pilate

b. Judas

c. Thomas

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

71. What happened to the followers of Jesus who were

gathered in an upper room at Pentecost?

a. They saw Jesus ascend into heaven

b. They saw the resurrected Jesus

c. They received the Holy Spirit of God

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

72. Who is known as the Apostle to the Gentiles?

a. Paul

b. Peter

c. John

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

73. Which of the following councils affirmed the

Nicene Creed?

a. Nicaea

b. Ephesus

c. Chalcedon

d. Constantinople

e. None of the aboveFinal Examination

74. Which of these reformers contributed immensely to

the development of democracy and to the churches

we know as Reformed, Presbyterian, and

Congregational?

a. John Hus

b. Martin Luther

c. John Calvin

d. John Wycliffe

e. Michael Servetus

75. The first woman to be ordained to the Christian

ministry in American is _______.

a. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton

b. Mother Anne Lee

c. Phoebe Palmer

d. Frances Willard

e. Antoinette Brown

76. The founder of the Shaker movement is _______.

a. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton

b. Mother Anne Lee

c. Phoebe Palmer

d. Frances Willard

e. Antoinette Brown

77. The founder of the Sisters of Charity (the first

American Roman Catholic religious order) and

often called the mother of the Catholic parochial

school system, who was beatified in 1963 is

_______.

 a. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton

b. Mother Anne Lee

c. Phoebe Palmer

d. Frances Willard

e. Antoinette BrownFinal Examination

78. Who wrote The Way of Holiness and Faith and Its

Effects?

a. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton

b. Mother Anne Lee

c. Phoebe Palmer

d. Frances Willard

e. Antoinette Brown

79. Who graduated from Oberlin College, the first to

admit women to its degree-granting programs?

a. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton

b. Mother Anne Lee

c. Phoebe Palmer

d. Frances Willard

e. Antoinette Brown

80. Which is the second most sacred city in Islam?

a. Jerusalem

b. Mecca

c. Medina

d. Cairo

e. None of the above

81. Which of the following is Muhammad’s daughter?

a. Aisha

b. Fatima

c. Khadija

d. Rabi’a

e. None of the above

82. Which of the following is Muhammad’s first wife?

a. Aisha

b. Fatima

c. Khadija

d. Rabi’a

e. None of the aboveFinal Examination

83. The name of God in Islam is _______.

a. Qur’an

b. Allah

c. Muezzin

d. Minaret

e. Mosque

84. In Islam, the name of their holy book is _______.

a. Qur’an

b. Allah

c. Muezzin

d. Minaret

e. Mosque

85. In Islam, the call to prayer is made by a _______.

a. Qur’an

b. Allah

c. Muezzin

d. Minaret

e. Mosque

86. In Islam, worship takes place in a _______.

a. Qur’an

b. Allah

c. Muezzin

d. Minaret

e. Mosque

87. What is the purpose of the Qur’an?

a. To proclaim the oneness and sovereignty of

God

b. To develop the philosophy and theology of

God

c. To tell the story of God and God’s people

d. All of the above

e. None of the aboveFinal Examination

88. The term used to denote the law in Islam

is _______.

a. Shirk

b. Shari’a

c. Hadith

d. Jihad

e. Hajj

89. The term used to denote holy war in Islam is

_______.

a. Shirk

b. Shari’ah

c. Hadith

d. Jihad

e. Hajj

90. The successors to Muhammad are called _______.

a. Imam

b. Mahdi

c. King

d. Vizier

e. Caliph

91. What is the Sufi term for spiritual teachers and

masters?

a. Fana

b. Wilaya

c. Dhikr/Wird

d. Shaykh/Pir/Murshid

e. Qutb

92. What is the Sufi term for the complete passing

away of the separate individual self to God?

a. Fana

b. Wilaya

c. Dhikr/Wird

d. Shaykh/Pir/Murshid

e. QutbFinal Examination

93. What is the Sufi term for sainthood?

a. Fana

b. Wilaya

c. Dhikr/Wird

d. Shaykh/Pir/Murshid

e. Qutb

94. Which group or person helped topple Shah

Muhammad Pahlavi?

a. Ba’ath Party

b. Wahhabi Sect

c. Muammar al-Qaddafi

d. Kemel Ataturk

e. Ayatollah Khomeini

95. Which person or group seeks to combine Arab

nationalism with Qur’anic concern for justice and

fair distribution of goods expressed through

modern forms of governmental social activism?

a. Ba’ath Party

b. Wahhabi Sect

c. Muammar al-Qaddafi

d. Kemel Ataturk

e. Ayatollah Khomeini

96. What is the basic world view in the fundamental

feature of Islam?

a. It is created by a higher being.

b. All are holy.

c. The world is for humans but under the

absolute rule of God.

d. To worship is to receive.

e. None of the above.Final Examination

97. Which of the following were members of the

Nation of Islam?

a. Elijah Muhammad

b. Malcom X

c. Louis Farrakhan

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

98. Who has maintained today the separatist mentality

of the original Black Muslims and continues to

preach against Judaism?

a. Elijah Muhammad

b. Malcom X

c. Louis Farrakhan

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

99. Who wrote The Liberation of the Women?

a. Leila Ahmed

b. Nawal al-Saadawi

c. Oasin Amin

d. Rabi’a

e. Khadijah

100. Who wrote The Hidden Face of Eve: Women in the

Arab World?

a. Leila Ahmed

b. Nawal al-Saadawi

c. Oasin Amin

d. Rabi’a


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