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Role of computers in project management Zahra Dahish Research paper Colorado State University 1. Introduction Project management plays a vital role in the success of any project and the project is termed sucessful when it is completed on time, within the budget and is of good quality. Project management is a necessary tool in the project construction right from inception to its closing (Blumenfeld et al., 1991). Furthermore, a project managed by a project manager, who has to put in place strategies that will ensure a good project. Moreover, for a project to be sucessful, the project manager has to have a good coordination of the team such as project structure consultants, architects, designers, site engineers, contractors and quality control personnel. They come in at different stages of the project hence the need for a project manager to coordinate with them from commencement till the completion of the project, is a much needed strategy (Barkley, 2000). 2. Methods There are many stages before commencement of the project like design of the project, budget and value estimation, completion period estimation, gathering resources, selecting a team of personnel to help and purchasing necessary materials and monitoring (White & Fortune, 2002). Project management sometimes can be tedious, where the work is spread over a large geographical location (Munns & Bjeirmi, 1996). In such situations, it is difficult for a project manager to keep track of the project while using conventional methods to manage such a project (Larson & Gray, 2011). Furthermore, it will limit the capabilities of the project manager to successfully coordinate with the teams. Hence, this will not only lead to wastage of resources but also time. Technological innovations have enabled generation of computer software tools that are so vital in the construction of the project. Specialized computer software tools, like build project, have been designed to exclusively manage construction of the project. Build project computer software is used by project managers to visualize and analyze the project data from the computer (White & Fortune, 2002). This method prompts a systematic way of managing records, that will help in keeping the progress of the project in check (Cleland & King, 1988). Project terms Terms Definition Event It is to reach a certain point in time and does not need to be the beginning and the end of time. Activity It is the effort that needs to start and end points, and resources for its implementation. Dummy activity An activity that does not require the time or resources to complete and is used only to denote the logical sequence of activities. It draws an arrow intermittently. Critical activity The activity that has not been completed which causes delay in the project. Critical path A set of critical activities, starting from the beginning to the end of the project. Project Is a set of activities and events arranged by a logical sequence. Network Is a set of activities and events arranged in a logical way to sequence activities. Earliest start The time when activity starts if all previous activities completed on time. Earliest finish Is a time that can be accomplished if the activity begins at the earliest start. Early end = early start + activity time. Slack time A time that does not cause delay in th eoriginal project timline. Latest start The last time that the activity can begin without the condition of delay of subsequent activities. Latest finish It is the last time one can complete the activity without causing a delay of any subsequent activities. Computer software tools are key in planning the duration of the project, giving exact status of the project and the management information system (MIS). It also automatically operates work such as planning, execution and control, resource management, safety management, quality control and finance management (Blumenfeld et al., 1991). There are other types of project management software tools available, these include: Desktop software – this type of software is typically a single-user application used by the project manager and runs on a desktop. Web-based software – this software has been implemented as a web application which is accessed via the web browser. It can also be used on a Smartphone or tablet to gain access to the application. Software as a Service (SaaS) has been used in project management, project management system (PMIS) and project portfolio management (PPM). Personal – it is used at home to manage home projects. It involves simpler interfaces. Collaborative software – this computer software supports multiple users at once. End users can access the project on their computers hence allowing good team coordination. Visual – it enables project managers to easily find, analyze and make changes to their changes. It is fundamental in viewing a large amount of fluctuating data. Work front – project management software manages enterprise work. Users can streamline requests, plans and prioritize projects, manage processes, review assets digitally and report on their reports. Financial Force project management - it provides real time insight into the costs and billing associated with a practice or projects. These computer software tools have various advantages which help manage a project. Some of the advantages are; a) Allowing document sharing which gives individuals leeway to edit and update their project status. b) Cutting the cost since these computer software tools assist managing project costs. c) Ability to manage risks, forecasting and budgeting. d) Timely reporting. e) Handling key issues concerning the project on time. Despite these benefits realized from using computers in managing projects, there are some disadvantages. Some of the programs are costly to purchase hence difficult to implement and also, cannot be used in simple projects because it might complicate them (Munns & Bjeirmi, 1996). Furthermore, a lot of time can be spent in setting up alerts other than doing the real project. In conclusion, for any project to be successful, it requires a good project manager, who can utilize resources, coordinate with the team and finishes the project on time and in budget(Cleland & Ireland, 2006). References Munns, A. K., & Bjeirmi, B. F. (1996). The role of project management in achieving project success. International journal of project management, 14(2), 81-87. Cleland, D. L., & Ireland, L. R. (2006). Project management. McGraw-Hill Professional. Larson, E. W., & Gray, C. F. (2011). Project management: The managerial process. Munns, A. K., & Bjeirmi, B. F. (1996). The role of project management in achieving project success. International journal of project management, 14(2), 81-87 Cleland, D. I., & King, W. R. (Eds.). (1988). Project management handbook, 2.New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. Blumenfeld, P. C., Soloway, E., Marx, R. W., Krajcik, J. S., Guzdial, M., & Palincsar, A. (1991). Motivating project-based learning: Sustaining the doing, supporting the learning. Educational psychologist, 26(3-4), 369-398. White, D., & Fortune, J. (2002). Current practice in project management—An empirical study. International journal of project management, 20(1), 1-11. Barkley, J. (2000). U.S. Patent No. 6,088,679. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. ...
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Abstract
The use of computers in project management was first started in 60 years ago, since this
time the software and hardware have been developing regarding technology to reach where we
are now. The continues development has facilitated the growth of information industry. Also as a
result of continues development, project management approach has changed. However,
traditional project management software has no capacity and capability to meet the requirements
of modern management due to their limitations in usage. Network-based systems and system
integration are the future of project management software development. In this paper, we are
going to focus on the role played by computers in project management. We will look at various
phases of project and roles of computers in project management.
Introduction
Project managements plays a critical role in the success of different projects. Project
management is a wide topic, demanding, and it brings together various functions. Project
management is all about complete project life cycle which includes processes like initiations,
project planning, execution and project control.
Conclusion
The roles of computers in project management are many. With fast growing technology,
computers are proving to be very crucial in all project constructions. Project management
software are helping project managers and other involved personnel to obtain, store and analysis
data with easy and speed. With the help of these software’s the number of projects that reach
completion has increased along with the quality of products produced from this project has been
enhanced.


Role of computers in project management
Zahra Dahish
Research paper
Colorado State University

Abstract
The use of computers in project management was first started in 60 years ago, since this
time the software and hardware have been developing regarding technology to reach where we
are now. The continues development has facilitated the growth of information industry. Also as a
result of continues development, project management approach has changed. However,
traditional project management software has no capacity and capability to meet the requirements
of modern management due to their limitations in usage. Network-based systems and system
integration are the future of project management software development. In this paper, we are
going to focus on the role played by computers in project management. We will look at various
phases of project and roles of computers in project management.

Introduction
Project managements plays a critical role in the success of different projects. Project
management is a wide topic, demanding, and it brings together various functions. Project
management is all about complete project life cycle which includes processes like initiations,
project planning, execution and project control. To say a project is good it must reach its
completion within required time and the one that sticks on its budget without sacrificing on
quality and all other things that bring wastage of resources and delays. Project management is a
process that requires the use of tools to store and process the vast amount of information that is
accumulated due to the usage of various software that are used for managing construction
projects (Barkley, 2000).
The idea of developing computer software used for project management was as a result of
mathematical and the need for large-scale analysis projects to speed up the process by reducing
the time used and reduce the cost involved in project management. In the early 1950s,
Programmed Revaluation and Review techniques and critical path method where used in
providing the basis for computer supported management of various projects. Since this...

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