Since the revolution of transport means started in the mid 1950’s, trade in wildlife (animals/plants and products) has been increasing ever since. Over-exploitation and thus illegal collection of animals is therefore not a new phenomenon. Currently the international wildlife trade is estimated at around 23.4 billion dollar annually and involves more than 350 million plants and animals every year. Besides, over-exploitation is seen as one of the major threats for biodiversity these days. Wildlife trade is considered an essential element in the relationship between conservation and sustainable development (Nijman and Sheperd 2012). Moreover, it is also identified as a causal factor for the global decline in reptiles, (Sutherland et al., 2009; Natusch and Lyons, 2012), as vector in disease transmission (Van Brom et al., 2005; Bell et al., 2004) and led to the introduction of invasive species (Smith et al., 2009).
Nov 26th, 2014
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