Georgia’s first base of operations (administrative headquarters), history homework help

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Question Description

ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS USING ATTACHED NOTES:

GEORGIA GOVERNMENT FINALS

Study Guide: SPRING 2016

1.  Founded in 1733, Georgia was (compared to the other colonies) _________________.

2.  An outstanding leader in the establishment of the Georgia colony in 1733 was _____________.

3.  The basic motives for establishing the colony Georgia between South Carolina and Spanish Florida were/was ______________________.

4.  Initially, the founders of the Georgia colony sought to do the following, EXCEPT:

5.  Georgia’s first base of operations (administrative headquarters) was established at _________.

6.  The economy of the Georgia colony was essentially dependent upon the production of (which commodity)?

7.  The improvement of the cotton gin had the following impact upon the economy of Georgia:

8.  During the Civil War (1861-1864), the State of Georgia__________________.

9.  The first Governor of Georgia since Reconstruction to publicly advocate racial equality was ___.

10.  The first Republican Governor to be elected in Georgia since Reconstruction was/is ________.

11.  Compared to the other states in the Union, Georgia has had ten different constitutions since its founding. This could be explained mainly by _____________________________.

12.  Georgia’s legislature is called the “Citizens’ Branch” of government because ___________.

13.  Georgia’s bicameral legislature consists of a ________________.

14.  In the Georgia General Assembly, administrative floor leaders are chosen by ___________.

15.  A resolution proposing an amendment to the Georgia State Constitution must be approved by which of the following before it is placed before the people for ratification?

16.  Duties as president of the Georgia State Senate are constitutionally prescribed for the _______.

17.  A session of the Georgia State legislature, as prescribed in the Constitution, lasts _________.

18.  The individual who acts as the presiding officer of the Georgia House of Representatives is formally known as the _________________.

19.  Georgia currently uses the ___________________ to elect members of its General Assembly.

20.  The Governor of Georgia serves a term of how many years, and limited to how many consecutive terms of office?

21.  Article V of Georgia’s 1983 Constitution mandates the election of a governor, lieutenant governor, and six other constitutional officers collectively referred to as ________________.  

22.  The hands of Georgia’s Governor are further strengthened in the annual budget battle with the legislature by this constitutional provision:_____________________.

23.  The Governor of Georgia is constitutionally authorized to do the following EXCEPT___________ .

24.  Which of the following is appointed by the Governor of the State of Georgia?

25.  To be a judge of Georgia’s Supreme Court,  Georgia’s Courts of Appeals, or a Superior Court of Georgia one must meet the following qualifications EXCEPT:__________________.

26.  Which of the following is NOT a constitutional court in the State of Georgia?

27.  With the EXCEPTION of probate court judges and magistrates, judges in the State of Georgia are ________.

28.  Unlike the U.S Constitution which has the Bills of Rights as a set of amendments after the main constitution, Georgia’s Bill of Rights is found _________________.

29.  Which of the following elected officials serves as the legal advisor to the Executive Department of the State of Georgia and represents the state in court?

30.  Which of the following is NOT true of Georgia’s Lieutenant Governor?

31.  In a primary election in Georgia with three or more candidates, where no one candidate gets a majority, the winner is _____________________.

32.  Which of the following officials has responsibility for the coordination and supervision of elections in the State of Georgia?

33.  Which of the following is NOT true of the Georgia State Election Board?

34.  Members of the Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia are (method of selection)______________.

35.  A “closed primary” election is one in which ________________.

36.  The constitutional officers required for every county government include the Sheriff, Clerk of the Superior Court, Judge of the Probate Court, and the __________________.

37.  The principal governing body of each county in Georgia is called the _____________.

38.  Pieces of legislation passed by county and municipal governments are called _____________.

39.  In the case of bills passed by Georgia’s legislature after the thirty-fourth day of the 40-day session, the Governor _____________________.

40.  Special metropolitan courts created by Georgia General Assembly with jurisdiction in special areas like traffic violations are called ______________________.

41.  The Superior, State, Juvenile, Probate, and Magistrate courts in Georgia could all be classified as (type of court) _______________ .

42.  The constitutional protection for Georgia’s legislators that prevents law suits against them for any speech made during legislative sessions is known as the ______________.

43.  The apportionment or representation in both Georgia House and Senate is based on ________.

44.  Which of the following is NOT a constitutionally elected official in the State of Georgia?

45.  The current Speaker of the Georgia House of Representatives is ________________.

46.  The non-lawmaking functions of Georgia’s General Assembly include all of the following EXCEPT:

47.  Georgia’s Supreme Court sits ______ justices en banc, while Georgia Courts of Appeals sit judges in groups of ______________.

48.  Georgia Governor’s limited judicial powers include which of the following?

49.  The powers of local governments in the State of Georgia are primarily derived from (which constitutional provision?)

50.  The total number of electoral votes  the State of Georgia is entitled to in presidential elections  based on the 2010 census is:

51.  The Georgia State Legislature convenes (how often?)


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GEORGIA GOVERNMENT NOTES History of Georgia Founding Georgia was the last British colony to be established on the North American mainland. The British Crown contacted Captain James Oglethorpe, an outstanding leader in the establishment of the Georgia colony in 1733. From 1735-1750, the colony of Georgia was under trusteeship. Motives 1. Economic: To promote the production of raw materials unavailable in England 2. Military: To protect and provide security to the other colonies from invasion from the Spanish who controlled Florida 3. Philanthropic: To create an utopian society for England’s worthy poor and indebted Englishmen 4. Religion: To spread the word of God The English set up their first base in the colony of Georgia at Savannah. The economy of Georgia colony was essentially dependent upon the production of rice. However, during the industrial revolution in the 1700s, the introduction of Cotton which led to manufacturing in textiles in the North led to the introduction of cotton in Georgia. The improvement of the cotton impacted Georgia colony’s economy in the following ways: 1. There was a decrease in slave labor 2. There was a significant increase in the production of cotton 3. Led to the overproduction of cotton which finally impacted market decrease Georgia Colony and Slavery 1735-1750 when the colony of Georgia was under trusteeship, the trustees attempted to prohibit slavery as a matter of policy. Oglethorpe and the other trustees were not opposed to the enslavement of Africans as a matter of principle. They banned slavery in the colony of Georgia because it was inconsistent with their social and economic intentions. The trustees wanted to guarantee a comfortable life for the settlers by making them work for themselves rather than dependent upon slave labor as in South Carolina rice-based economy. However, the settlers began to grumble that they would never make money unless they were allowed to employ enslaved African. Many South Carolinians, who wanted to expand their planting interests into Georgia encouraged this line of reason. However, Oglethorpe persuaded the other trustees that the ban on slavery had to be backed by the authority of the British government. They trustees members convinced the House of Commons so the ban was put in place Reasons for Lifting the Slave Ban In 1742 the ban on slavery was changed because of the following reasons: 1. When General Oglethorpe defeated the Spanish at the Battle of Bloody Marsh and Oglethorpe returned to England 2. The military arguments in favor of prohibiting slavery were no more tenable 3. In Oglethorpe’s absence a growing number of settlers became more willing to ignore the ban on slavery On January 1, 1751, the Slave Act was passed permitting slavery in the colony of Georgia after various attempts. During the Civil War (1861-1864), Georgia seceded from the Union and joined the Confederate States of America. GEORGIA’S CONSTITUTION. Historically, Georgia has had 10 constitutions (1777, 1789, 1798, 1861, 1865, 1968, 1877, 1945, and 1983). The 1983 constitution is the most recent. Unlike the United States Constitution which has the Bill of Rights as a set of amendments after the main constitutions, Georgia’s Bill of Rights is under Article 1 of the 1983 Constitution. A resolution proposing an amendment to the Georgia State Constitution must be approved by a two-thirds vote in each house of the General Assembly Article V of Georgia’s 1983 Constitution mandates the election of a Plural Executive (The Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, and six other constitutional officers as the top officials Compared to the other states in the Union, Georgia’s ten different constitutions is explained by; 1. Georgia’s changing positions of the term and election of a governor 2. On the issue of slavery Politics of Georgia 1. 2. 3. 4. The Executive Branch The Judiciary The Legislature Local Government Executive Branch. The executive branch is headed by the Governor, who is elected in a gubernatorial race. The Governor of Georgia serves a term of 4 (four) years and two terms. The first. Historically, Georgia has been a Democratic state. Jimmy Carter was first Governor of Georgia since Reconstruction to publicly advocate racial equality. In recent years Georgia has become a Republican State. The first Republican governor in Georgia was Sonny Purdue who was elected from 2003-11. Responsibilities of the Governor 1. 2. 3. 4. Supervise the preparation of the state budget Call the legislature into special sessions Approve or veto bills Provides policy proposals and agenda for the legislature Governor’s Budgetary Powers: The Governor has great influence over the budget since his revenue estimate’s sets the budget’s maximum size In annual budget battle with the legislature, the hands of the Governor’s hands are strengthened with the Line Item Veto Provision in the 1983 Constitution Lieutenant Governor This is the number two man in the executive branch. The Lieutenant governor do not run as a team, instead the lieutenant governor is elected separately and sometimes may belong to different parties. Responsibilities of the Lieutenant Governor The primary responsibility of the Lieutenant governor (president) is to preside over the Senate. In the absence of the lieutenant governor the Senate highest ranking Republican/ Democrat act (President pro tempore) acts. The Lieutenant governor, although not a member of the Senate has more powers than any senator. Other Constitutional Offices The Secretary of State. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The Secretary of State is responsible for running elections handling the incorporation of businesses, overseeing 35 licensing bodies managing the regulations of securities exchanges with the state Maintains the archives of the state of Georgia Is responsible for the maintenance of the grounds of the capitol and the governor’s mansion and is the keeper of the Great Seal of the State of Georgia Attorney General This position was created by the 1868 Georgia Constitution. The Attorney General is the legal representative of the State in legal matters THE LEGISLATURE (GEORGIA GENERAL ASSEMBLY) The legislature, otherwise known as the General Assembly and is bicameral composed of the House of Representatives and the Senate. Georgia’s legislature is called the “Citizens’ Branch of government because it comprises the everyday, working class individuals similar to the people they serve. Currently the legislature meets annually but for only 40 legislative days. Because they earn so little, legislators must be concerned about practicing their vocations; therefore, they are not regularly in the capitol except during sessions. Georgia’s legislature has 56 senators and 180 representatives. All members of Georgia’s legislature currently represent single-member districts, although historically some members came from multi-member districts). Members of both chambers serve two-year terms. Georgia does not limit how long a legislator can serve Responsibilities of the General Assembly 1. The General Assembly as responsibility for enacting legislation for the State. 2. It can also monitor the implementation of Legislation, which includes oversight of the executive. Enactment of legislature requires the approval of both chambers. The General Assembly meets for only forty (40) days with sessions beginning on the second Monday in January and ending in April. Despite the 40- day limit, the governor infrequently calls special sessions, except after the census, when the legislature meets at the end of the summer to redraw legislative and congressional districts. The governor has 40 days from the end of a legislative session during which to sign or veto legislation. New laws typically take effect either immediately upon being signed by the governor or on July 1, the beginning of the next fiscal year. Legislative Party Leadership Although the chairs of committees such as appropriations and Rules have great power within the chamber, the most important officers are those selected by the majority to run the chamber. In the House, the leader of the majority party serves as the speaker. The speaker is the most person most likely to be seen on the dais, presiding over the legislative debate. The Speaker’s chief lieutenant is the speaker’s pro tempore. The current Republican speaker of is David Ralston. The third person in the majority party hierarchy is the Majority Leader (Larry O’Neal). The opposition party is led by the Minority leader who would likely become speaker should partisan fortunes reverse. The Lieutenant governor, although not a member of the Senate, presides over the Senate and has more power than any legislator Responsibilities of the Speaker 1. The speaker retains the authority to reject recommendations from the committees. 2. The speaker assigns legislation to committees 3. Decides which bills to call up off the Rules Calendar for floor debate 4. Recognizes those wishing to speak Unlike other U.S. legislative chambers, Georgia has not just a majority and minority leader, but also administration floor leaders. The governor names his own floor leaders, who typically have two lieutenants, and charges them shepherding his agenda through to enactment. The Legislative Privilege Clause is a constitutional protection for Georgia’s legislators that prevent law suits against them for any speech made during legislative sessions. The apportionment or representation in both Georgia House and Senate is based on population. The Judiciary Currently and constitutionally, Georgia’s judicial system consists of at least three levels (Supreme, Appellate and Probate) of courts in every county. In some counties, a fourth level exists, and specialized courts are found in some communities. The Superior, State, Juvenile, Probate, and Magistrate courts in Georgia could be classified as trial courts. Other special courts created by the General Assembly with jurisdiction in special areas like traffic violations are called Municipal Courts. With the exception of probate court judges and magistrates, judges in the state of Georgia are elected by non-partisan popular vote. Georgia has a closed primary where voters must be registered with their party affiliation indicated in order to vote in their party primary. In a primary election in Georgia with three or more candidates, where no one candidate gets a majority, the winner is decided in a runoff primary election between the two top vote getters. Constitutional Qualification to be a Judge in Georgia’s 1. At least 30 years old 2. A practitioner of law for at least seven years 3. A resident of Georgia for at least three years The State Supreme Court. This is atop of Georgia’s judicial system, authorized by the constitution of 1835 and created by the legislature a decade later. Since 1945, the Supreme consists of seven (7) members: The Chief Justice and six other associates. The chief justice is chosen by the other members of the court and is not a lifetime position but rotates. The Supreme Court has jurisdiction to hear appeals of all sorts. The state supreme court has exclusive appellate jurisdiction in the state court system over cases involving construction of treaties, the state and federal constitutions, and all cases where the constitutionality of a law, municipal ordinance, or other constitutional provision is a question, as well as election disputes. The court has general appellate jurisdiction in a variety of other areas of civil and criminal law. ...
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Tutor Answer

kmfullerton
School: UIUC

I've attached a word document here with all the answers. Several of the questions seemed to be multiple choice type, but missing the choices. I tried to put the information necessary to answer the question underneath.There were 2 questions that I could not find- it seems like part of the document you sent might be cut off, since there was no section on local government. If you can find the rest of that document, please send it to me and I'd be happy to finish those last 2 questions.

Study Guide: SPRING 2016
1. F ounded in 1733, Georgia was (compared to the other colonies) last
2. An outstanding leader in the establishment of the Georgia colony in 1733 was Captain James
Oglethorpe.
3. The basic motives for establishing the colony Georgia between South Carolina and Spanish Florida
were/was to protect and provide security to South Carolina from Spanish invasion.
4. Initially, the founders of the Georgia colony sought to do the following, EXCEPT:
Goals:
a.

Provide a geographic buffer from Spanish-held florida

b. To produce raw materials unavailable in England
c.

To provide a home for England’s poor and indebted

d. The spread the Word of God
5. Georgia’s first base of operations (administrative headquarters) was established at Savannah.
6. The economy of the Georgia colony was essentially dependent upon the production of (which
commodity)? Cotton/textiles
7. The improvement of the cotton gin had the following impact upon the economy of Georgia:
a. decreased slave labor necessary to produce cotton
b. Increased production
c. Eventually lead to overproduction of cotton
8. During the Civil War (1861-1864), the State of Georgia joined the Confederacy.
9. The f...

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