Counselors should not rely on _____________ being a part of the computer or online assessment.
the informed consent procedure
none of the above
Computer outputs can range from simple scoring to __________.
complex scoring profiles
complex interpretive reports
more complex scoring
What might a counselor consider before asking a client to take a
level of comfort and computer experience
client age, gender, and interests
test sophistication skills and background
socio-economic status and intelligence
Which of the following is not an advantage of computer
applications in assessment?
computers applications have been shown to be very cost
computers are patient in gathering information.
more complex scoring can be done by computers.
computers are not biased against any gender or race.
What is the term used when computers or other technologies are
involved in the administration, scoring, and/or interpretation of
Prior to the late 1970s, computers were primarily used in
administer assessment instruments.
score assessment instruments
write assessment reports.
analyze the effects of testing
Neuropsychological assessment concerns appraisal of the:
behavioral effects of possible brain trauma
cognitive development of the individual
deficit in information processing and memory
central nervous system dysfunctions
In a quality neuropsychological assessment, the client is given:
the WAIS-III and the MMPI
intelligence and adaptive behavior tests
an intelligence tests and an EEG
a battery of instruments
If an instrument is recommended for linguistically diverse
populations, the counselor can:
feel confident in using that instrument with clients who do
not speak English.
expect to find information in the manual related to the
appropriate use and interpretation with specific groups.
expect to find different versions of the instrument (e.g., a
use the instruments with minority clients from any
The degree to which construct-irrelevant factors systematically
affect a group’s performance is called:
differential item functioning
In addition to racial/ethnic differences, there is debate in the
counseling field that the term multicultural could also refer to
all of the above
Almost all counselors can expect to be increasingly involved with
the assessment of clients with:
different cultural backgrounds
Individuals from different cultures can vary greatly in their
perceptions due to their ____________, which includes group
identity, individual identity, beliefs, values, and language.
Concerning assessment practices, the Civil Rights Act of 1991:
required testing be performed in an individual’s native
banned the use of separate norms in any employment tests.
banned the use of employment tests for supervisory
made it illegal to use personality tests in employment
With few exceptions, counselors cannot release a client’s
assessment results to a third party unless:
the third party has a legitimate reason for wanting the
the counselor has contacted a lawyer and gotten legal
it is common policy at the agency or organization.
the client has consented to the release of information.
If an instrument is not relevant to the counseling process, then
the possibility exists that:
some clients might object to taking it.
there could be confidentiality issues
a client’s privacy could be invaded.
there is a violation of a client’s civil rights.
If a supervisor asks a practitioner to use an instrument in which
he or she is not adequately prepared to use, the practitioner
use the instrument but be careful.
decline to use the instrument.
only use the instrument with certain clients.
only use the instrument after reading the Mental
Which of the following serves as a technical guide for testing
Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing
The Responsibilities of Tests Users
Mental Measurement Yearbooks
ACA Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice
The most important reason for having ethical standards and laws
related to assessment is to:
enforce standards and professional test practices.
inform practitioners of best assessment practices.
enforce procedures developed by test publishers.
protect individuals from misuses of assessments.
When counselors are assessing outcome it should not:
inform already established treatment planning.
take into account the client’s experiences.
be a “one-time event”
be done repeatedly.
never includes factors related to the therapeutic
is solely concerned with the selection of specific treatment
strategies and techniques.
is an ongoing process throughout therapy.
is only done once during therapy.
Which of the following is a method for making case
explain it in detail to a supervisor or colleague
represent it graphically
both a and b
neither a nor b
What is the term that is associated with counselors focusing on
developing strengths and enhancing the well-being of their
clients, while also not ignoring weaknesses?
strength-weakness balance model
positive reframe model
Research consistently shows that ___________ methods are more
effective than ____________ methods when making clinical
observational; client self-reporting
client self-reporting; observational
According to Whiston, assessment information can be useful in:
evaluating the effectiveness of counseling.
monitoring client change.
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