9.The term “caste” has been widely used to describe ranked groups within rigid systems of social stratification and especially those which constitute the society of Hindu India. Debate over whether castes are found outside of India has intensified with increased knowledge and understanding of the Indian caste system. Among social scientists, and especially among those who have worked in India, there are basically two views: (1) that the caste system is to be defined in terms of its Hindu attributes and rationale and, therefore, is unique to India or at least to south Asia; (2) that the caste system is to be defined in terms of structural features which are found not only in Hindu India but in a number of other societies as well.
12. The Aryans' religious texts were the VEDAS.
How Bantu changed their agriculture methods and technology :
Beginning at least 2,000 years ago or earlier, small groups of Bantu speakers began moving to the south and east. The farming techniques used by these people forced them to move every few years. The technique was called slash and burn. A patch of the forest was cut down and burned. The ashes were mixed into the soil creating a fertile garden area. However, the land lost its fertility quickly and was abandoned for another plot in a new location.
When they moved, the Bantu speakers shared their skills with the people they met, adapted their methods to suit each new environment, and learned new customs.
The Bantu people probably brought with them the technology of iron smelting.As they moved southward, they were searching for locations with iron ore resources and hardwood forests. They needed the hardwood to make charcoal to fuel the smelting furnaces
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