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what is the general appearance of the rooms in the idary of anne frank

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The diary of Anne frank packet

Dec 1st, 2014

When Act One begins, it is November of 1945. World War II has ended and Otto Frank returns to the rooms in Amsterdam where he, his family, and some friends hid from the Nazis for two years. Sad and bitter over the events of the war, Frank plans to leave Amsterdam for good. Before he leaves, he finds the diary that his daughter Anne wrote during their two years in hiding. As he begins to read, the point of view shifts, and we see the events of the Franks’ time in hiding through the eyes of thirteen-year-old Anne.

In July of 1942, Mr. and Mrs. Frank and their daughters Anne and Margot, along with Mr. and Mrs. Van Daan and their son Peter, move into hidden rooms in Mr. Frank’s former office building. Miep Gies and Mr. Kraler, former employees of Mr. Frank, bring food and supplies to the families and protect them from discovery. In the cramped quarters, the families set rules for their daily activities. Eventually the families are joined by Jan Dussel, a friend of Miep’s fiancé. Anne often quarrels with her mother, but she remains close to her father. One night, a thief breaks into the building, and the families know that he has heard them moving about upstairs.

As Act Two begins, it is January of 1944 and the families have been in hiding for seventeen months. Anne and Peter have become friends. It has become more difficult to get food, and a man in the warehouse suspects something and asks for blackmail money to keep quiet. Fear and boredom cause unhappiness and tension in the secret annex. News that the allies have landed in Normandy and the war might soon be over brings some hope, however. Everyone apologizes for past bad behavior, and Anne begins to make plans for returning to normal life. But she never sees this normal life. In August 1944, the inhabitants of the secret annex are arrested and sent off to concentration camps. Anne leaves her diary behind in the hope that someone will find it and keep it safe.

The last scene shifts back to November 1945. Mr. Frank concludes his story. He is the only member of the group to have survived the concentration camps.

Reading a Drama:

What is the best way to go about reading dramatic literature? At first, the student might feel as if she is reading a set of instructions. Most plays contain dialogue along with cold, calculating stage directions. Yet, a play can be a moving literary experience. Dramatic literature presents several challenges to a student, making the reading experience different than poetry or fiction. Here are some tips for students to make the most out of reading a play.

Visualize the Characters

Unlike fiction, a play does not usually offer a lot of vivid detail. Typically, a playwright will briefly describe a character as he or she enters the stage. After that point, the characters might never be described again. Therefore, it is up to the reader to create a lasting mental image. What does this person look like? How do they sound? How do they deliver each line?

Contemplate the Setting

Because many classic dramas are set in a wide range of different eras, it will behoove students to have a clear understanding of the story’s time and place. For one, readers should try to imagine the sets and costumes as they read. They should consider whether or not the historical context is important to the story.

Research the Historical Context

If the time and place is an essential component, students should learn more about the historic details. Some plays can only be understood when the context is evaluated. The play adaptation of To Kill a Mockingbird takes place in the tumultuous deep South during the 1930s. Tom Stoppard's The Invention of Love deals with the social constraints and academic struggles during England's Victorian Period. Without knowledge of the historical context, much of the story’s significance could be lost.

With a little bit of research into the past, students can generate a new level of appreciation for the play they are studying. (And the internet makes this easier than ever before!)

Sit in the Director’s Chair

Here comes the truly fun part. To visualize the play, the student should think like a director.

Some playwrights provide a great deal of specific movement. However, most writers leave that business to the cast and crew.

It begs the question: What are those characters doing? Students should imagine the different possibilities. Does the protagonist rant and rave? Or does she remain eerily calm, delivering the lines with an icy gaze? The reader makes those interpretive choices.

So, get comfortable in that director’s chair. Remember, to appreciate the dramatic literature, a student must imagine the cast, the set, and the movements. That is what makes reading dramatic literature a challenging yet invigorating experience.

Elements of a Drama

Literary Term


Textual Examples of how it is used in The Diary of Anne Frank


The story line of a play.  A plot must include a complication, rising action, climax, and a resolution.


Props or clothing

used to create a character’s wardrobe.

Costuming usually

fits the personality of the character.


The physical location and description of the play.  There are usually many backgrounds used on a set.


The effects of light on a stage or set of a play


The leading character of a drama or play whose rival is the antagonist.


The character in conflict with another main character in a drama or play.  The antagonist is usually considered the villain.


A struggle between opposing forces:  usually internal or external conflict.

Internal Conflict

A struggle within the character

External Conflict

A struggle against another character, idea, organization, etc.


Things that the character must consider before solving or dealing with a conflict


A high point of the story, such as where a character must make a big decision


The reason characters behave in a certain way.

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