Does a firm have an obligation to give
employees the flexibility to work out the particular balance of career and
family that is right for them? Or does this go beyond the social
responsibilities of business?
Companies are not obligated by law to give employees the kind of flexibility they (employees) specifically need to balance work and personal life. The balance of work and personal life is done by employees themselves. Some companies do offer a bit more flexibility by allowing their employees to work from home or leave the office earlier on Fridays if all the work is done. There are also paid vacations days offered at some companies, but this is also not required by law. Such benefits are not obligated by law, but employers want to make themselves more attractive to their employees to keep the good ones and to attract good candidates in the future.