 finance

### Question Description

I need an explanation for this Business question to help me study.

2. Assume that you can borrow \$175,000 for one year from a local commercial bank. a. The bank loan officer offers you the loan if you agree to pay \$16000 in interest plus repay the \$175,000 at the end of one year. What is the percent interest rate or effective cost? b. As an alternative you can get a one year, \$175,000 discount loan at 9 percent interest. What is the percent interest rate or effective cost? c. Which one of the two loans would you prefer? d. At what discount loan interest rate would you be indifferent between the two loans?

5. Following are selected balance sheet accounts for Third State Bank: Vault Cash = \$2 million; US government securities = \$5 million; demand deposits = \$13 million; non transactional accounts = \$20 million; cash items in process of collection = \$4million; loans to individuals = \$7 million; loans secured by real estate = \$9 million; federal funds purchased = \$4 million; and bank premises = \$11 million. a.From these accounts, select only the asset accounts and calculate the bank’s total assets. b.Calculate the total liabilities for Third Bank State. c.Based on the totals for assets and liabilities, determine the amount in the owner’s capital account. Student has agreed that all tutoring, explanations, and answers provided by the tutor will be used to help in the learning process and in accordance with Studypool's honor code & terms of service. Assume that you can borrow \$175,000 for one year from a local commercial bank. a. The bank loan officer offers you the loan if you agree to pay \$16000 in interest plus repay the \$175,000 at the end of one year. What is the percent interest rate or effective cost? b. As an alternative you can get a one year, \$175,000 discount loan at 9 percent interest. What is the percent interest rate or effective cost? c. Which one of the two loans would you prefer? d. At what discount loan interest rate would you be indifferent between the two loans?

1.a. The effective rate is 9.1428571%
effective rate = 16000 divided by 175000 x 100= 0.091428571x 100

1.b. The effective rate is 9.89%
Interest is 15,750 computed as : 175000 x 9%
The net proceed of loan is \$ 159,250 computed as : 175000 minus 15750
Effective rate is: computed as follows: 15,750/159250 x100= 9.89%

1.c Based on less cost, I would prefer Loan with 16000 interest payable at the end of the year.

2.At 8.375% discount rate, I would be indifferent to both loan.
Interest = 175000 x 8.375= 14656.25
Net proceed = 175000- 14656.25 =160343.75
Effective rate = 14656.25/160,343.75 x 100 = 9.14%

Note: Computation of 8.375% is based on trial and error method, where a high and low figures are used and interpolated figure is tried , with objective that effective rate will be equal to the other loan's effective rate. RSaleem786 (140)
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