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Running Head: PSYCHOLOGY QUESTION
Ethics are moral rules or principles that guide individuals and groups. They form
necessary frameworks for decision-making in counseling by emphasizing the nature and course
of actions that professionals should take, especially when dealing with clients. The nature of this
profession nature promote clients' outcomes, protect their rights, and minimize harm. The
following discussion assesses counselors’ ethics and responsibilities. Application of ethical
principles in counseling offer necessary foundation for to analyzing all dimensions of clients'
problems and improving their counseling outcomes.
Part I: Clients Rights
Autonomy is one of the foundations of clients' rights in counseling. It involves clients'
freedom to make decisions in counseling sessions. A counselor needs to respect the client and
make choices (Miller & Davis, n.d). They can achieve this by helping clients understand how
their choices will shape the counseling session and how they can affect others. However, people
incapable of making the right decisions should be allowed to do so since they can harm
themselves or others. For example, minors and clients with a mental disability should have
Nonmaleficence entails not causing harm to clients. It is defined as the do no harm
principle, which is instrumental in counseling. This principle supports clients' rights by
compelling counselors to weigh all potential benefits and risks of interventions to ensure that
they promote clients' welfare while minimizing risks. For example, counselors should not exploit
clients financially, emotionally, or sexually for any reason.
Beneficence relates to counselors promoting clients’ welfare through kindness and mercy
(Nwadinobi, 2019). It involves defending clients’ rights by doing good and being proactive.
Counselors can promote this ethical value by indulging in professional activities that offer
general benefits to clients. For example, they can offer counseling to clients even if they do not
have care insurance as an act of charity where necessary.
Justice implies acting fairly and justly. This ethical value reinforces clients' rights by
protecting them from vices like discrimination based on their personal characteristics.
Counselors should act justly by respecting clients' diversities and treating all people fairly
regardless of their backgrounds. For example, they should treat fairly treat clients with hearing
problems using a sign language interpreter in therapeutic sessions. Justice focuses more on
equity than equality and depends on counselors' ability to apply appropriate interventions to
promote this value.
Fidelity is the notion of trust, fait...