Environmental Science and Sustainability, environmental science homework help

timer Asked: Dec 21st, 2016
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Question description

Environmental Science and Sustainability

  • Municipal solid waste (MSW) is all of the garbage, refuse, trash, or junk that gets thrown away from homes and small businesses. All of this MSW is collected and taken away. Have you ever wondered where it goes? In the 1950s and 60s, it went to open dumps. In the 1970s, landfills were established, but there were problems, and today there is new legislation and technology to better manage this waste.

    For this assignment, you will review the history of MSW and complete the following:

    • Describe an open dump.
      • Explain the environmental problems.
    • Describe an early landfill.
      • What are the problems associated with early landfills?
      • Include a discussion of leachate, methane, incomplete decomposition, and settling.
    • Describe a modern landfill.
      • What are the differences as compared to early landfills?
      • What improvements have been made?
    • Choose 1 of the following landfills, and explain the innovations being implemented to make the landfill more productive and to reduce its environmental impact:
      • Mariannhill Landfill, South Africa

      • Puente Hills Landfill, California

      • Altamont Landfill, California

      • Tessman Road Landfill, Texas

Tutor Answer

School: New York University




Waste Management
Institution Affiliation



Before industrialization took place in many countries, there are various ways in which
people dealt with. In some places, people would gather at a specific place after a certain period
of time and burn the waste. In other regions the waste would be dealt with by being let back in to
the ground water but this had obvious negative impacts on the aquatic life (Vaughn, 2012).
In essence, an open dump is a kind of site for dumping in undesignated areas where the
trash can pile and accumulate. This is an illegal dumping site where there is no safety disposal of
wastes. Mainly the kind of dumping can happen not only to public property but also on private
properties. Such open dumps have been found to be common on the roadsides as well as on
ditches and riverbeds (Gardner, 2011). More so open dumps are...

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