Sponsored: English merchants (Dutch East India Company)
Destination: He basically ended up in New York's metropolitan area. (Hudson's Bay)
Intended destination: To find a prospective northewest passage to Cathay via a route above the Arctic Circle.
Accomplished: Laid the foundation of Dutch colonization
Notable: He discovered Hudson's Bay and Hudson's River. He has a county named after him (Hudson County, NJ), a bridge (Henry Hudson Bridge), and a town (Hudson, NY). His crew also mutinied against him.