Problems of the pharynx.
Post 1: An introduction of problems of Pharynx.
Post 2:An abstract .
Post 3: Review of and physiology of pharynx.
Post 4: pathologies of the pharynx
Post 5: conlusion.
Running head: PROBLEMS OF THE PHARYNX
Title: problems of the pharynx.
PROBLEMS OF THE PHARYNX
Problems of the pharynx refer to the pathologies whether communicable or noncommunicable that occur within the throat.The paper aims to explore these problems, their
clinical manifestation, possible risk factors and management.It also reviews the anatomy and
physiology of the pharynx. The pharynx forms a section of the respiratory systems and also
immune system, especially in children.The pharynx is made of three parts joined, the
nasopharynx, oropharynx, and hypopharynx (Dhingra & Dhingra 2014).
The pharynx is one part affected by upper respiratory infections and allergic related
conditions. It is susceptible to infections because of its anatomical location at the back of the oral
cavity and posteriorly to the nasal cavity. Oral and nasal cavity are particularly portals of entry to
infectious agents and other respiratory irritants that trigger allergic reactions. Respiratory irritants
include chemical fumes and dust particles; these can trigger acute allergic pharyngitis which
often resolves within two weeks. Antihistamines such cetirizine hydrochloride ma help in quick
resolutions of allergic pharyngitis. Some individuals are more susceptible to allergic pharyngitis
than others and is there is mostly genetic predisposition. The pharynx is too susceptible to
bacterial infection, mostly group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus, Hemophilus influnzae and
Streptococcus pneumonia. Some bacterial infections of the pharynx include bacterial pharyngitis,
tonsillitis, adenitis, peritonsillar abscess and pharyngeal bursitis. Management of these infections
is with antibiotics such penicillins, macrolides, and cephalosporins.for severe infections
intravenous antibiotics may be necessary. The pharynx is too commonly infected by viruses such
as adenovirus and rhinovirus. Pharyngeal viral infections only require supportive management
PROBLEMS OF THE PHARYNX
such rehydration, saline gargles and analgesics. Most of the pharyngeal problems cause a sore
throat, voice hoarseness, throat irritation and dysphagia
The tumors of the pharynx include the benign and the cancerous growths that affect either
the oropharynx or the nasopharynx. The most common benign tumor of the nasopharynx is
nasopharyngeal fibroma while the malignant one is nasopharyngeal carcinoma which is a
multifactorial problem. It occurs mostly in China and less occurring in India (Michaels,&
Hellquist 2012).The management of the tumors includes both surgical and medical
means.Surgery involves removing the abnormal tissues. Other management are the use of
anticancer drugs like doxorubicin, use...