sociology online

timer Asked: Jan 11th, 2017
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Question description

I have 101 sociology online and I need help for that ..

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School: UIUC

Hey! I am still working on the other parts of the assignments.:)



Discussion #2 and INQUIZITIVE Assignment Deadline Tomorrow at 11:59 p.m.


Institutional Affiliation



Locate, read, and describe (1) example of when ethics have become an issue
while conducting research in the past.

One example of the time when research in the past became an issue is when there
occurred the death of Jesse Gelsinger in the University of Pennsylvania while conducting
the Gene Therapy Experiment. The death of Gelsinger happened in the year 1999. He
was a participant in the research. The family of the deceased sued the biochemists as well
as the researchers who were part of the experiment. However, the trial consideration was
whether the deceased was well informed of the risks in the research. Besides, they had
the questions on the possibility that the researchers and biochemists intended to benefit
from approving of the experiment that would be a conflict of interest.

Also, you can describe an ethical concern that "could' arise while conducting
a study.

Matters that could result from the subject matter include contentious,
embarrassment, or sensitivity. The issues around the participants would be the
involvement of the children, or the vulnerable people such as the elderly, bereaved, or
those with learning difficulties. Besides, involving the participants who do not understand
the language being used by the members or in the research experiment would be another
matter. The matters that could result around the researchers would be the conflict of
interests among each of the researchers. Finally, the matters around the participants’
nature would be disclosure of the participants on having broken the law.



Here is the chapter 6 assignment. I am still working. I have two more parts to submit.

Running head: CHAPTER 6


Chapter 6
Institutional Affiliation



Deviance is defined as an individual behaviour or a particular action that

violates norms socially. In formal terms, it can be viewed as a crime, but informally it can
be like an example of disobeying parents. Deviance is when norms are violated

Sociologically, deviance is studied via three theories namely: Conflict theory,

structural functionalism theory and symbolic interaction. These broad theories
extensively assist Sociology student in studying about deviance in good depth and

Crime is the major focus of the literature about deviance. The literature

mainly talks about how the many and broad cultures classify certain behaviours are legal
or not legal. These differences come in handy to dictate whether such behaviours will be
punishable or not.

Deviance ideas change from time to time, and they do not remain the same.

For instance, the younger generation has corroded the values, beliefs and norms of the
various cultures the older generation had believed in. Thus, this translates to the fact that,
a defiant action back then may no longer be punishable or vice versa.

The perception of deviance by functionalists is that it acts like a function that

is social. Deviance sets boundaries of clarification on the accepted morals of the society.
This helps in bringing people together hence maintaining cohesion.

Conflict, as described in the conflict perspective, is a situation whereby, a

social institution can counteract the status, norms and wealth of society. This comes up
when behaviours that are deviant do not match those of the social institutions.



The Saints and the Roughnecks is an article that talks two kinds of groups,

the good guys and the bad guys. The good guys came from wealthy families and could be
pardoned for a second chance once found in the wrong. The bad guys were from lowincome families and were severely punished once they committed a crime. The bad guys’
deviance negatively influenced their futures as they did not excel. It is proven in this
article that, one’s background and appearance substantially plays a significant role in how
people perceive you.

The theory of Structural Strain states that deviance is the result of social

strains that are caused by the structure of the society. This comes up when the people
view the norms as conflicting, weak and confusing to them such that, they become
deviant as a way of accommodating the strains.

This theory of differential association mainly talks of three variables namely:

age, ratio of bad to good contacts and contact intensity. It states that a young individual in
a deep relationship with a person who is deviant, then there is a high possibility if the
individual to become deviant too and vice versa.

Labelling theory talks of the whereby, people with power socially, label

other people as defiant. Well, this theory works in the sense that these people may not be
defiant, but once they are given this kind of label, it takes effect, and they ...

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Thanks, good work

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